Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 8 (august 2018) : 1113-1118

Genetic analysis of fertility traits in Jersey crossbred cows

Anshuman Kumar, Ajoy Mandal, A. K. Gupta, M. Karunakaran, S. K. Das, T. K. Dutta
1<p style="text-align: justify;">Eastern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Kalyani-741 235, West Bengal, India</p>
Cite article:- Kumar Anshuman, Mandal Ajoy, Gupta K. A., Karunakaran M., Das K. S., Dutta K. T. (2017). Genetic analysis of fertility traits in Jersey crossbred cows . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(8): 1113-1118. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.8493.

The present study was carried out to evaluate the genetic and non-genetic factors affecting fertility traits viz., number of service per conception (NSPC), service period (SP) and calving interval (CI) and genetic and phenotypic parameters of these traits in Jersey crossbred cattle, maintained at Eastern Regional Station of ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Kalyani, West Bengal over a period of 39 years (1976-2014). The least squares means for the NSPC, SP and CI were 1.73±0.08 inseminations, 156.37±7.47 days and 458.32±9.56 days respectively. The study revealed that all the traits were decreasing significantly with parity number. Season was important in determining service period, whereas period of calving influenced calving interval in this study. NSPC, SP and CI did not differ significantly among different genetic groups; but, half-breds of Jersey and Tharparkar (½ Jersey-½ Tharparkar) showed comparatively lower NSPC, SP and CI than half-breds of Jersey and Red Sindhi and other crosses in this study. The random effect of sire was highly significant on all the fertility traits considered in this study. Heritability estimates for NSPC, SP and CI were 0.08±0.06, 0.18±0.08 and 0.16±0.08 respectively. All the three analyzed traits had close genetic relationships. Low to moderate heritability of reproductive traits indicates slow genetic progress through selection and further improvement in reproductive performance can be made either by better management practices or including large number of polymorphic markers associated with fertility in the population to assist animal selection

  1. Asimwe, L. and Kifaro, G.C. (2007). Effect of breed, season, year and parity on reproductive performance of dairy cattle under smallholder production system in Bukoba district, Tanzania. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 19(10): article #152.

  2. Bhuiyan, S.A., Ali, A., Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H. and Bhuiyan M.M. (2000). Genetic and phenotypic parameters on some economic traits in dairy cows. Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., 29: 143-152.

  3. Bhutkar, S.S., Thombre, B.M. and Bainwad, D.V. (2014). Studies on effect of non–genetic factors on reproduction traits in Holstein Friesian x Deoni cows. IOSR J. Agric. Vet. Sci., 7(12): 15-19.

  4. Chaudhari, M., Kumar, R., Khanna, A.S., Dalal, D.S. and Jakhar, A. (2013). Genetic studies on reproduction traits in crossbred cattle. Haryana Veterinarian, 52: 75-78.

  5. Demeke, S., Neser, F.W.C. and Schoeman, S.J. (2004). Estimates of genetic parameters for Boran, Friesian and crosses of Friesian and Jersey with the Boran cattle in the tropical highlands of Ethiopia: reproduction traits. J. Anim. Breed. Genet., 121(1): 57-65.

  6. Dickerson, G.E. (1970). Efficiency of animal production-molding the biological components. J. Anim. Sci., 30: 849"859.

  7. Dinka, H. (2012). Reproductive performance of crossbred dairy cows under smallholder condition in Ethiopia. Int. J. Livest. Prod., 3(3): 25-28.

  8. Gonzalez-Recio, O. and Alenda, R. (2005). Genetic parameters for female fertility traits and a fertility index in Spanish dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 88: 3282-3289.

  9. Haile, A., Joshi, B. K., Ayalew, W., Tegegne, A. and Singh, A. (2009). Genetic evaluation of Ethiopian Boran cattle and their crosses with Holstein Friesian in central Ethiopia: reproductive traits. J. Agric. Sci., 147(1): 81-89.

  10. Haque, M. N., Haque, M. R., Parvin, A. and Hussain, M. M. (2013). Productive and reproductive performance of different crossbred cattle at Sylhet Govt. Dairy Farm. Progressive Agriculture, 22(1-2): 47-54.

  11. Harvey, W.R. (1990). User’s guide for LSMLMW PC-2 Version Mixed Model Least Squares Maximum Likelihood Computer Programme. Mimeograph Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.

  12. Islam, S.S., Ahmed, A.R., Ashraf, A. and Khanam, N. (2004). Genetic and phenotypic parameters on reproductive traits of crossbred cattle in a selected farm of Bangladesh. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 7: 1269-1273.

  13. Japheth, K.P., Mehla, R.K., Imtiwati. And Bhat, S.A. (2015).Effect of non-genetic factors on various economic traits in Karan Fries crossbred cattle. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 68(2): 163-169.

  14. Khan, U.N., Olsson, A., Philipsson, J. and Hangsanet, K. (1992). Sahiwal breed development in Pakistan. Sixth AAAP Anim. Sci. Congr., 1: 171-178.

  15. Kramer, C.Y. (1957). Extension of multiple range tests to group correlated adjusted means. Biometrics 13:13-18.

  16. Kumar, J., Singh, Y.P., Kumar, S., Singh, R., Kumar, R. and Kumar, P. (2015). Genetic analysis of reproductive performance of Frieswal cattle at Military Farm, Ambala, Vet. World, 8(8): 1032-1037.

  17. Kumar, N., Tkui, K. and Bisrat, A. (2014). Reproductive performance of dairy cows under farmer’s management in and around Mekelle, Ethiopia. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 26: Article #89.

  18. Kumar, A., Mandal, A., Gupta, A.K., Ratwan, P. and Kumar, N. (2017). Genetic evaluation of reproductive traits in Jersey crossbred heifers at an organized farm of eastern India. Indian J. Anim. Res., 51(4): 619-624.

  19. Methekar, K.U., Deshpande, A.D. and Deshpande, K.S. (1993). Factors affecting service period and calving interval in Jersey cows. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 46(10): 496-497.

  20. Mondal, S.C., Alam, M.M., Rashid, M.M., Ali, M.Y. and Hossain, M.M. (2005). Comparative study on the productive and reproductive performance of different dairy genotypes reared in Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm. Pak. J . Nutr., 4(4): 222-225.

  21. NAAS (2013). Livestock Infertility and Its Management. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Policy Paper No. 59: New Delhi: 20 p.

  22. Pyne, A.K., Mishra, S.K., Mitra, O.N., Dattagupta, R. and Majumdar, S.C. (1988). Reproductive and productive performance of Jersey x Hariana half breds in humid tropical conditions of West-Bengal. Indian J. Anim. Prod. Managmt., 1: 37-39.

  23. Rafique, M., Chaudhry, M.Z. and Amer, M.A. (2000). Reproductive performance of inter-se Holstein Friesian x Sahiwal crossbred. Pak. Vet. J., 20(3): 109-112.

  24. Saha, S., Joshi, B.K. and Singh, A. (2010). Generation-wise genetic evaluation of various first lactation traits and herd life in Karan Fries cattle. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 80: 451-456.

  25. Singh, M.K. and Gurnani, M. (2004). Genetic analysis of production and reproduction traits in Karan-Fries and Karan-Swiss cattle. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 74: 225-228.

  26. Thakur, Y.P. and Singh, B.P. (2000a). Performance evaluation of Jersey × Zebu crossbreds involving different indigenous breeds (C) performance of Jersey × Hariana crossbreds. Indian Vet. J., 77(2): 127-130.

  27. Thakur, Y.P. and Singh, B.P. (2000b). Performance evaluation of Jersey × Zebu crossbreds involving different indigenous breeds (D) performance of Jersey × Tharparkar crossbreds. Indian Vet. J., 77(2): 169-171.

  28. Thakur, Y.P. and Singh, B.P. (2001). Performance evaluation of Jersey x Sindhi crossbreds. Indian Vet. J., 78(1): 62-63.

  29. Vinoo, R., Rao, N., Gupta, B.R. and Rao, B. (2005). Study on productive and reproductive traits of Ongole cattle. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 75 (4): 438-441.

  30. Zewdu, W., Thombre, B.M. and Bainwad, D.V. (2015). Studies on some non-genetic factors affecting reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian Deoni crossbred cows. African Agric. Res., 10(12): 1508-1516.


Editorial Board

View all (0)