Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 7 (july 2018) : 1005-1009

Effect of dietary incorporation of fish silage on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters and carcass characteristics of broiler chicken

Sushree Sangita Boitai, Lakshman Kumar Babu, P.K. Pati, C.R. Pradhan, S. Tanuja, Anil Kumar, Arun Kumar Panda
1College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-751003, Orissa, India
Cite article:- Boitai Sangita Sushree, Babu Kumar Lakshman, Pati P.K., Pradhan C.R., Tanuja S., Kumar Anil, Panda Kumar Arun (2017). Effect of dietary incorporation of fish silage on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters and carcass characteristics of broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(7): 1005-1009. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3315.
The present study 180, day-old broiler chicks (Vencobb) were randomly distributed into 3 treatment groups with three replicates in each group. The chicks were placed in 9 pens with 20 chicks in each pen and reared in deep litter system under uniform management conditions. Control starter (0-3 wk) and finisher (4-6 wk) diets were formulated to meet the entire nutrients. Subsequently two test diets were prepared by incorporating acid treated fish silage at 5 and 10% level. Each diet was offered ad libium to 3 pens of 20 chicks each throughout the experimental period (0-6 wks). Dietary incorporation of acid treated fish silage up to 10% had no influence on body weight gain and feed consumption of broilers. The feed conversion ratio improved significantly by incorporation of fish silage at both 5 and 10%, during starter phase, but no influence was noticed subsequently.  Fish silage up to 10% in the diet did not affect the dressed percentage and relative weight of other carcass parameters such as liver, heart, gizzard, breast and abdominal fat. The albumin to globulin ratio increased significantly (P<0.05) due to incorporation of fish silage at 10% in the diet compared to that of control. The serum triglyceride concentration increased significantly (P<0.05) at 10% level of inclusion of fish silage in diet. Lowest cholesterol concentration was found in the dietary group fed the control diet. The serum cholesterol concentration increased significantly (P<0.05) and linearly by increasing the level of fish silage from 5 to 10%. It is concluded that acid treated fish silage can be incorporated upto 10% in the diet without any adverse effect on performance of broiler chickens.
  1. Al-Marzooqi, W., Al-Farsi, M.A.,Kadim, I.T., Mahgoub, O. and Goddard, J.S. (2010). The effect of feeding different levels of sardine fish silage on broiler performance, meat quality and sensory characteristics under closed and open-sided housing systems. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 23:1614-1625.
  2. Barroga, A.J., Pradhan, R. and Tobioka, H. (2001). Evaluation of fish silage-sweet potato mixed diet with Italian ryegrass silage as basal ration on nitrogen utilization and energy balance in growing lambs.J. Anim. Sci.72: 189-197.
  3. Darsan, M.G., Sreekumar, K.P. and Jalaludeen, A. (2009). Effect of feeding processed fish wastes on the growth and haematology of broilers.Indian. J. Poult. Sci.44: 213-217.
  4. Darsana, M.G. and Sreekumar, K.P. (2012). Effect of processed fish wastes supplementation on blood biochemical and meat composition of broiler chicken. Iran. J. Vet. Res.13: 186-194.
  5. Duncan, D.B. (1955). Multiple range and F-tests. Biometrics. 11: 1-42.
  6. Emadi, M., Kermanshahi, H. and Maroufyan, E. (2007). Effect of varying levels of turmeric rhizome powder on some blood parameters of broiler chickens fed corn-soya bean meal based diets.Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6:345-348. 
  7. Espe, M., Haaland, H. and Njaa, L.R. (1992).Substitution of fish silage protein and a free amino acid mixture for fish meal protein in a chicken diet. J. Sci. Food Agric. 58: 315-319.
  8. Fagbenro, O.A. and Jauncey, K. (1998). Physical and nutritional properties of moist fermented fish silage pellets as a protein supplement for tilapia (Oreochromisniloticus). Anim. Feed. Sci. Tech.71: 11-18.
  9. Gildberg,A. (1993). Enzymatic processing of marine raw materials. Process Biochem.28: 1-15.
  10. Hermier, D. (1997). Lipoprotein metabolism and fattening in poultry. J. Nutr. 127:805S-808S.
  11. Javeed, A.and Mahendrakar, N.S. (1996). Growth and meat quality of broiler chicks fed with fermented fish viscera. Int. J. Anim. Sci. 11: 1-5.
  12. Johnson, R.J., Brown, N., Eason, P. and Sumner, J. (1985). The nutritional quality of two types of fish silages for broiler chickens.J. Sci. Food. Agr. 36:1051-1056. 
  13. Kjos, N.P., Herstad, O., Overland, M. and Skrede, A. (2000). Effects of dietary fish silage and fish fat on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chicks.Can. J. Anim. Sci.80:625-632.
  14. Linder, M.C. (1985). Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism. 2nd ed. Elsevier sciences publishing company Inc, New York. 
  15. Machin, D.H., Panigrahi, S., Bainton, J. and Morris, T.R. (1990). Performance of broiler chicks fed on low and high oil fish silages in relation to changes taking place in lipid and protein components. Anim. Feed. Sci. Tech. 28: 199-223.
  16. Magana, L., Avila, E. and Sotelo, A. (1999). Silage preparation from tuna fish wastes and its nutritional evaluation in broilers.J. Sci. Food. Agr. 79:1915–1922.
  17. McNaughton, J. L., May, J. D.,Reece, F. N. and Deaton,J. W. (1978). Broiler chick utilization of hydrolysed fish protein.Poult. Sci. 57:1157 .
  18. Nwokola, E. and Sim, J. (1990). Comparative evaluation of fermented fish waste, fermented whole herring and fishmeal. Poult. Sci. 69:270-275. 
  19. Oetterer, M. (2002). Industrialização do pescadocultivado. Livraria e EditoraAgropecuária, Guaíba: RS-Brasil, 2700:200.
  20. Skrede, A. and Kjos, N. P. (1996). Digestibility of amino acids infish silage. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Vale de Santarem, Portugal, on May24-27, 1995. pp 205.
  21. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. 1989. Statistical Methods. 8th ed. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi.
  22. Tanuja, S., Mohanty, P.K., Kumar, A., Moharana, A. and Nayak, S.K. (2014). Shelf life study of acid added silage produced from fresh water fish dressing waste with and without the addition of antioxidants. Int. J.Agr. Food Sci. Tech.5:91-98.
  23. Vazquez, J.A., González, M.P. and Murado, M.A. (2004). Peptones from autohydrolysed fish viscera fornisin and pediocin production. J. Biotechnol. 112: 299-311.
  24. Vizcarra-Magana, L., Avila, E. and Sotelo, A. (1999). Silage preparation from tuna fish waste and its nutritional evaluation in broilers.J. Sci. Food Agric. 79:1915-1922.
  25. Zynudheen, A.A., Anandan, R. and Nair, K.G.R. (2008).Effect of dietary supplementation of fermented fish silage on egg production in Japanese quail (Coturnixcoromandelica).AFR J. Agric. Res. 3:379-383.

Editorial Board

View all (0)