Loading...

Effect of dietary supplementation of vitamin E, zinc, and chromium supplementation on growth performance and hematological characteristics of broiler chickens 

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3293    | Article Id: B-3293 | Page : 574-578
Citation :- Effect of dietary supplementation of vitamin E, zinc, and chromium supplementation on growth performance and hematological characteristics of broiler chickens.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2018.(52):574-578
Nazim Ali, Mohammad Akram, Ahmad Fahim, Balvir Singh and Mohammad Imran nazimsvbp@gmail.com
Address : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology,  Meerut-250 110,  Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 25-08-2016
Accepted Date : 23-12-2016

Abstract

The study investigated the effect of supplementation of Vitamin E, Zn and Cr on growth performance and hematological characteristics of broiler chickens. The 240 day old Cobb 400 chicks were randomly distributed in eight groups consisting of 30 chicks in each. These chicks were kept on deep litter houses comprising of wood shavings. The supplementation of Vitamin E, zinc and chromium either individually or in combination improved the feed conversion ratio and body weight gain in broiler chicks. The body weight of broiler chickens at different age from day old to the 6th week were significantly different among treatments. The highest body weight was recorded in T8 groups. Heamoglobin, red blood corpuscles and white blood cells levels increased whereas heterophil: lymphocyte ratio statistically decreased with vitamin E, zinc or chromium supplemented groups either individually or in combinations. 

Keywords

Broiler Chromium Vitamin E Supplementation Zinc

References

  1. Adebiyi, O. A. and Makanjuola, B. A. (2011). Effect of inorganic chromium supplementation on performance, meat quality, residual chromium and mineral composition of heat-stressed broiler birds. Intern. J. Agri-Sci., 1(7): 373-380.
  2. Aksu, D. S., Taylan, A. and Bülent O. (2010). The effects of lower supplementation levels of organically complexed minerals (zinc, copper and manganese) versus inorganic forms on hematological and biochemical parameters in broilers. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg., 16 (4): 553-559. 
  3. AL-Zahrani, S., Kandeal, S., Mohany, M. and Badr, G. (2011). Effects of vitamin E and thymoquinone on physiological and hstological characteristics of heat-stressed, male mice. Afri. J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 5 (19): 2174-2183. 
  4. Bao, Y. M., Choci, M., Iji, P. A. and Bruerton, K. (2007). Interaction between zinc and other trace minerals in broiler chickens. Recent Adv. Anim. Nutr., 16: 248.
  5. Chae, B. J., Lohakare, J. D., Choi, J. Y., Han, K. N., Yong, J. S., Won, H. K., Park, Y. H. and Hahn, T. W. (2005). The efficacy of vitamin E-polyethylene glycol complex on growth performance, chicken meat quality and immunity in broilers. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 14(1): 125-138.
  6. Chen, G., Liu, P.,. Pattar, G. R, Tackett, L., Bhonagiri, P., Strawbridge, A.B. and Elmendorf. J.S. (2006). Chromium activates glucose transporter 4 trafficking and enhances insulin-stimulated glucose transport in 3T3–L1 adipocytes via a cholesterol dependent mechanism. Mol. Endocr., 20: 857–870.
  7. El-Dein, A. K. A., Soliman, M. M. and El-Aziz, S. A. (2013). Effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation on some productive, reproductive and immunological traits of Inshas chickens strain. Egyp. Poul. Sci., 33(4): 939-955.
  8. El-Sheikh, T. M., Ahmed, S. and Nagwa, N. (2006). An Attempt to Alleviate Heat Stress of Broiler Chicks (During Summer Season) Through Stocking Density, Dietary Organic Selenium (Sel-Plex) and Vitamin E-Selemium. Egypt. Poult. Sci. 26: 1587-1611.
  9. Guo, Y. M., Zhang, G. M., Yuan, H. M., and Nie, W. (2003). Effects of source and level of magnesium and vitamin E on prevention of hepatic peroxidation and oxidative deterioration of broiler meat. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 107: 143-150.
  10. Jackson A. R, Powell, S., Johnston, S., Shelton, J. L., Bidner, T. D., Valdez, F. R. and Southern, L. L. (2008). The effect of chromium propionate on growth performance and carcass traits in broilers. J. Appl. Poul. Res., 17: 476-4814.
  11. Khan, I. A. and Thomas, P. (2004). Vitamin E treatment reduces recolor 1254- induced impairment of reproductive neuroendocrine function in atlantic croaker. Mar. Environ. Res., 58: 333-336. 
  12. Lagana, C., Ribeiro, A. M. L., Kessler, A. M., Kratz, L. R. and Pinheiro, C. C. (2007).Effect of the supplementation of vitamins and organic minerals on the performance of broilers under heat stress. Rev. Baras. de Cien. Avicola, 9(1): 1516-635.
  13. Leeson, S. and Summers, J.D. (2001). Scott’s Nutrition of the Chicken. Guelph, Canada, University Books. pp. 136. 
  14. Lohakare J. D., Choi, J.Y., Kim, J. K., Yong, J. S., Shim, Y. H., Hahn T. W. and Chae B. J. (2004). Effects of dietary combinations of Vitamin A, E, and methionine on growth performance, meat quality and immunity in commercial broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim.Sci. 18(4): 516-523.
  15. Lohakare, J. D., Ryu, M. H., Hahn, T. W., Lee, J. K. and Chae, B. J. (2005). Effects of supplemental ascorbic acid on the performance and immunity of commercial broilers. J. Appl. Poul. Res., 514: 10-19.
  16. Naghieh, A., Toghyani, M., Gheisari, A. A., Saeed, S. E. and Miranzadeh, H. (2010). Effect of different sources of supplemental chromium on performance and immune responses of broiler chicks. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9: 354-358.
  17. Niu, Z. Y., Liu, V., Yan, Q. L. and Li, W. C. (2009). Effects of different levels of vitamin E on growth performance and immune responses of broilers under heat stress. Poul. Sci., 88: 2101-2107.
  18. Noori, K., Farhoomand, P. and Ebrahimzadeh, S.K. (2012).Effect of chromium methionine supplementation on performance and serum metabolites in broiler chickens under thermoneutral and heat stress conditions. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci., 2(1): 79-82. 
  19. Pimental, J. L., Cook M. E. and Greger. J. L. (1991). Immune response of chicks fed various levels of zinc. Poult. Sci. 70: 947–954.
  20. Rymer, C. and Givens, D. I. (2005). N-3 fatty acid enrichment of edible tissue of poultry: A review. Lipids. 40: 121–130.
  21. Sahin, K. and Kucuk, O. (2003). Zinc supplementation alleviates heat stress in laying Japanese quail. J. of Nut., 33: 2808-2811.
  22. Sahin, K., Sahin, N. and Kucuk, O. (2003). Effects of chromium, and ascorbic acid supplementation on growth, carcass traits, serum metabolites, and antioxidant status of broiler chickens reared at a high ambient temperature (320C). Nut. Res., 23(2): 225-238.
  23. Sahin, K., Sahin, N., Kucuk, O., Hayirli, A. and Prasad, A. S. (2009). Role of dietary zinc in heat stressed poultry: A review. Poul. Sci., 88: 2176-2183.
  24. Samanta, S., Haldar, S., Bahadur, V. and Ghosh, T. K. (2008). Chromium picolinate can ameliorate the negative effects of heat stress and enhance performance, carcass and meat traits in broiler chickens by reducing the circulatory cortisol level. J. Sci. of Food and Agric., 88: 787-796.
  25. Shlig, A. A. (2009). Effect of Vitamin E and selenium supplement in reducing aflatoxicosis on performance and blood parameters in broiler chicks. Iraqi J. Vet. Sci., 23: 97-103.
  26. Sirirat N., Jin-Jenn, Lu., Tsung-Yu Hung, A. Shih-Yi, C. and Tu-Fa, L. (2012). Effects different levels of nanoparticles chromium picolinate supplementation on growth performance, mineral retention, and immune responses in Broiler chickens. J. Agric. Sci.; 4: 12. 
  27. Surai, P. F. (2002). Selenium in poultry nutrition, antioxidant properties, deficiency and toxicity. World Poult. Sci. J., 58: 333–347.
  28. Tagwa, M., Norain, I., Ismail, B., Khalid, A., Ahmed A. and Al-Haidary (2013). Dietary inclusion of chromium to improve growth performance and immune-competence of broilers under heat stress. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 92.
  29. Tawfeek, S. S., Hassanin, K. M. A., Youssef, I. M. I. (2014). The effect of dietary supplementation of some antioxidants on performance, oxidative stress, and blood parameters in broilers under natural summer conditions. J. World’s Poult. Res., 4(1): 10-19.
  30. Tayeb, I. T. and Qader, G. K. (2012). Effect of feed supplementation of selenium and vitamin e on production performance and some hematological parameters of Broiler. J. Nat. Sci., 15(3): 46.
  31. Toghyani, M., Shivazad, M., Gheisari, A. A. and Zarkesh, S. H. (2006). Performance, carcass traits and hematological parameters of heat stressed broiler chicks in response to dietary levels of chromium picolinate. Intern. J. Poul. Sci., 5(1): 65-69.
  32. Vouldoukis, I., Lacan, D., Kamate, C., Coste, P., Calenda, A., Mazier, D., Conti, M. and Dugas, B. (2004). Antioxidant and anti-    inflamatory properties of a cucumismelo lc extract rich is superoxide dismutase activity. J. Ethnophamacol., 94: 67-75.
  33. Watts, D. L. (1990). Nutrient interrelationships minerals-vitamins-endocrines. J. Orthomol. Med. 5(1): 90
  34. Zha, L., Zeng, J., Sun, S., Deng, H., Luo, H., and Li, W. (2008). Chromium (III) nanoparticles affect hormone and immune responses in heat-stressed rats. Biolog. Trace Elem. Res., 129: 157-169. 

Global Footprints