Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 4 (april 2018) : 564-568

Effect of concentrate feed supplementation during different physiological stages in Madras Red Sheep

P. Suresh Kumar, Karu. Pasupathy, K. Suresh Kumar, P. Veeramani, P. Vasanthakumar, H. Gopi
1Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences, Kattupakkam-603 203. Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Kumar Suresh P., Pasupathy Karu., Kumar Suresh K., Veeramani P., Vasanthakumar P., Gopi H. (2018). Effect of concentrate feed supplementation during different physiological stages in Madras Red Sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(4): 564-568. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3241.
This study was undertaken to assess the performance of Madras Red sheep fed concentrate feed at different physiological stages such as prior to breeding (14 days), late gestation (last 42 days) and early lactation (first 60 days)  and compounded feed for growing lambs up to 120 days of age. The study was conducted at Postgraduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences, Kattupakkam, Tamil Nadu. In this, sixty ewes were selected in the age group of 3 to 5 years and divided into three groups with twenty in each group. The first group was allowed for grazing for seven hours daily from 9.00 A.M to 4.00 P.M and served as control group (G1).The second and third group (G2 and G3) of animals were supplemented with concentrate feed @ 10% and 20% of their daily dry matter requirement, respectively. The result indicates that the supplementation of concentrate feed to sheep significantly (p<0.05) improved the production and reproduction performance of sheep in terms of body weight gain during late pregnancy and early lactation, conception rate, lambing percentage, birth weight and ADG of lambs in group (G3) when compared to concentrate feed supplementation @ 10 % of dry matter requirement (G2) or non-supplemented groups (G1). It is concluded that the net profit available per ewe was more in G3 followed by G 2 and G1 groups.
  1. Balasubramanyam, D., Jaishankar, S., and Sivaselvam. S.N. (2010). Production performance of Madras Red sheep. Indian Vet. Journal, 12: 1231 – 1233.
  2. Balasubramanyam, D., Jaishankar, S., Kathiravan, P., and Sivaselvam, S.N.(2011). Sex ratio and reproductive performance of Madras Red sheep under field conditions. Indian J. Field Vet., 3 : 63 – 65.
  3. Balasubramanyam, D., Raja, T.V., Kumarasamy, P., and Sivaselvam, S.N. (2012). Estimation of genetic parameters and trends for body weight traits in Madras Red sheep. Indian J. Small Rumin., 2 :173 – 179.
  4. Chadurvedi, O.H., Mishra, A.S., Karim, S.A., and Jakhmola, R.C.(2000). Effect of supplementary feeding during late gestation on growth performance of lambs under field condition. Indian J. Small Rumin. 6:110-112.
  5. Chadurvedi, O.H., Tripathi, M.K., Mishra, A.S., Verma, D.L., Rawat, P.S, and Jakhmola, R.C.(2002). Land as well as livestock holding pattern and feeding practices of livestock in Malpura taluk of semiarid eastern Rajasthan. Indian J. Small Rum., 8:143-146.
  6. Chaturvedi, O.H., Bhatta, R., Santra, A., Mishra, A.S., and Mann J.S.(2003). Effect of supplementary feeding of concentrate on nutrient utilization and production performance of ewes grazing on community range land during late gestation and early lactation. Asian-Australasian J Anim. Sci., 16: 983-987.
  7. Chaturvedi, O.H., Bhatta, R., Verma, D.L., and Singh, N.P.(2006). Effect of flushing on nutrient utilization and reproductive performance of ewes grazing on community range land. Asian-AustralasianJ Anim. Sci., 19:521-525.
  8. Chaturvedi, O.H., Mann, J.S., and Karim S.A.(2010a). Effect of concentrate supplementation to ewes grazing on community rangeland during late gestation and early lactation. Indian J. Small Rum., 1 : 97-100.
  9. Chaturvedi, O.H., Bhatta, R., Sankhyan, S.K., and Karim, S.A.(2010b). Nutrient utilization and production performance of lambs grazing on community rangeland with and without concentrate supplementation. Indian J Anim. Sci., 7 : 693-696.
  10. Chaturvedi, O.H., Sankhyan, S.K., Mann, J.S., and Karim S.A. (2011). Production performance of ewes grazing on community rangeland supplemented with concentrate during late gestation and early lactation. Indian J Anim. Sci., 5 : 531-533.
  11. Devendran, P., Cauveri, D., and Gajendran K. (2009). Growth rate of Madras Red sheep in farmer’s flocks. Indian. J. Anim. Res., 1 : 53-55.
  12. Idris, A.O., Kijora, C., El-Hag,F.M., and Salih A.M. (2010). Effect of dietary supplementation on reproductive performance of Sudanese Desert sheep. Livestock Res. Rural Develop., 8 :10-12.
  13. Karim, S.A. 2004. Nutrition and feeding management of sheep for mutton production. Lead paper In: National Seminar on “Opportunities and Challenges in Nutrition and Feeding Management of Sheep, Goat and Rabbits for Sustainable Production”, February 10-    12, Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, pp.88-99.
  14. Karim, S.A., and Verma, D.L.(2001). Growth performance of weaner lambs under protocol of intensive feeding or grazing with supplementation. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 71: 586-588.
  15. Porwal Kuldeep., Karim, S.A., Sisodia, S.L., and Singh V.L.(2005). Relative economics of lamb rearing for mutton production under extensive, semi intensive and intensive system of feeding management. Indian J. Small Rum., 1:67-73.
  16. Sankhyan,S.K., Shinde, A.K., and Karim S.A.(1999). Seasonal changes in biomass yield, nutrient intake and its utilization by sheep maintained on community grazing land. Indian J. Anim. Sci.,69: 617-620.
  17. Sankhyan,S.K., Shinde, A.K., Karim, S.A., Mann, J.S, Singh, N.P., and Patnayak. B.C. (1996). Plane of nutrition and growth performance of lambs and kids maintained on two and three – tier silvipasture. Indian J. Anim. Sci.,66: 1194-1197.
  18. Santra, A., and Pathak, N.N. (1999). Nutrient utilization and compensatory growth in crossbred (Bosindicus X Bostaurus) calves. Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci.,12: 1285-1291.
  19. Santra, A., and Karim S.A. (2002). Nutrient utilization and growth performance of defaunated and faunated lambs maintained on complete diets containing varying proportion of roughage and concentrate. Animal Feed Sci. Tech., 101: 87-99.
  20. Shinde, A.K., Karim, S.A., and Patnayak, B.C.(1995). Growth performance of weaner lambs and kids under intensive and semi intensive feeding management. Indian J. Anim. Sci.,65:830-833.
  21. Shinde, A.K., Karim,S.A., Mann,J.S., and Patnayak, B.C.(1996). Performance of sheep under different silvipastoral systems. Indian J. Anim. Prod. Management, 12: 30-33.
  22. Singh, V.K., Arora, A.L., Karim, S.A., and Sisodia, S.L.(2005). Terminal report, jaivigyan project on “Improvement in migratory sheep production programme for tribal farmers of north west”, CSWRI, Avikanagar, Rajastan.
  23. Sivakumar,T., Balasubramanyam, D., Thilak. Pon. Jawahar, Gopi,H., and Jaishankar, S.(2009). Growth and reproductive performance of Madras Red sheep under field conditions. Indian J. Small Rum., 2: 248-252.
  24. Snedecor, G.W., and Cochran, W.G. (1980). Statistical Methods. 7 edn., Iowa State University Press, Ames. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)