Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 2 (february 2018) : 198-203

Studies on TLR2 gene variants and their association with milk yield and milk quality traits in Bos indicus (Deoni) cattle

U.T. Mundhe, D.N. Das, R.S. Gandhi, P. Divya
1Depatment of Aimal Gentics and Breeding, ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Southern Regional Station, Bengaluru-560 030, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Mundhe U.T., Das D.N., Gandhi R.S., Divya P. (2017). Studies on TLR2 gene variants and their association with milk yield and milk quality traits in Bos indicus (Deoni) cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(2): 198-203. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3204.
Present study molecular characterization of exon 2 of TLR2 gene and its association with milk yield and milk quality traits in 104 Deoni cattle using PCR- RFLP technique was done. Polymorphism was observed through HaeIII, HhaI and EcoRV restriction enzymes in Created Restriction Site (CRS) exon 2-1, CRS exon 2-5 and exon 2-1 by PCR- RFLP, respectively. In CRS exon 2-1 allelic frequencies were observed as 0.793 for A and 0.206 for B alleles and that of genotypic frequencies were 0.58 and 0.41 for genotypes AA and AB. In CRS exon 2-5, two genotypes viz., AC and CC with corresponding allelic frequencies were observed as 0.221 for A and 0.778 for C allele and that of genotypic frequencies observed were 0.44 and 0.55 for AC and CC genotypes respectively. TLR2 exon 2-1 exhibited two alleles G and T with frequencies of 0.134 and 0.865 and their Corresponding genotypic frequencies were 0.009, 0.25 and 0.74for GG, GT and TT genotypes respectively. Higher count of somatic cells (SCC) in TT homozygous and TG heterozygous genotypes, and lower in GG homozygous genotypes were observed in exon 2-1. Strongly significant (P£0.01) effect for least squares means of Test Day milk yield (TDMY) and Somatic Cell Count of CRS exon 2-1 were observed. 
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