Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 5 (october 2017) : 887-891

Nutritional value of Phalaris minor seeds and its comparison with conventional cereal grains for livestock feeding

Jasmine Kaur, S.S. Thakur, Mahendra Singh
1<p>Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India</p>
Cite article:- Kaur Jasmine, Thakur S.S., Singh Mahendra (2017). Nutritional value of Phalaris minor seeds and its comparison with conventional cereal grains for livestock feeding . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(5): 887-891. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.8453.

The aim of the present study was to determine the nutritional value of Phalaris minor seeds in comparison to conventional cereal grains. P. minor seeds had higher ether extract (6.3%), total ash (7.5%), acid insoluble ash (AIA, 4.5%), acid detergent fibre (ADF, 10.2%), cellulose (5.5%), acid detergent lignin (ADL, 2.0%), neutral detergent insoluble crude protein (NDICP, 4.0%) and acid detergent insoluble crude protein (ADICP, 2.7%) content in comparison to conventional cereal grains. The crude protein of P. minor seeds (12.3%) was similar to that of wheat (12.0%), but higher than other conventional cereal grains including maize (9.0%). The amino acid composition of P. minor seeds was more or less similar to conventional cereal grains. P. minor seeds had a superior mineral profile (Ca, P, Na, K, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn) than conventional cereal grains. In vitro evaluation revealed that net gas production was lowest (P<0.05) in P. minor seeds (216.37 L/kg DM/24 h). The methane production (L/kg DM/24 h)from P. minor seeds (43.03)was lower (P<0.05) than that from wheat (54.33) and barley (57.35). The organic matter digestibility of P. minor seeds (83.27%) was similar to that of barley (81.69%).It was concluded that P. minor seeds could be considered as potential source of nutrients for livestock.

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