Indian Journal of Animal Research

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Livestock diseases in sub-Himalayan temperate region: A Garrett’s ranking analysis 

Hans Ram Meena*, B.S. Meena, Gopal Sankhala
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1<p>ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute,&nbsp;Karnal-132 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Meena* Ram Hans, Meena B.S., Sankhala Gopal (2016). Livestock diseases in sub-Himalayan temperate region:A Garrett&rsquo;s ranking analysis . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(3): 396-400. doi: 10.18805/ijar.10715.

Fifteen clusters of villages were identified and selected for the purpose of study. In general, these villages are located at 32.6oN (latitude); 76.3oE (longitude); 1,290.8 m (altitude).  The area is characterized by mild summer and moderate to severe winter having the mean monthly minimum temperature varying from 5.0±0.9 oC in January to 20.4±1.2 oC in June.  Garett’s ranking technique was followed to analyse the particular problem or disease perceived by the farmers as well as identify by the multidiscipline teams in livestock. In cattle, highest incidence of haematuria (16.74%) was recorded followed by repeat breeding (14.97%). Whereas in case of buffalo emaciation / weakness (17.24%), GI parasitic infections (16.09%), and tick/ lice infestation (16.09%) were the major problems. Parasitic infections (36.84%), diarrhoea/ dysentery (31.57%) and tick / lice infestation (14.03%) were recorded as major problem in goats. The major disease/ disorder observed in bullocks were haematuria (28.23%), urinary problem (24.70%) and parasitic infestation (16.47 %). In the horse/ ponies parasitic infestation (37.93%) followed by weakness (24.13%) and tick/ lice infestation (17.24%) and parasitic infections (31.81%) followed by mange (27.27%) were the major health problem in the pet’s animals. The study enlighted the animal health scenario in the region.  

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