Comparative studies on role of micro environmental factors on lactation length of Deoni cattle in their breeding areas

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.11422    | Article Id: B-3131 | Page : 599-602
Citation :- Comparative studies on role of micro environmental factors onlactation length of Deoni cattle in their breeding areas .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):599-602

B.N. Thorat*, B.M. Thombre and A.T. Shinde

badam.thorat2010@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science, Vasantrao Naik, Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani-431 402, India.

Submitted Date : 8-10-2015
Accepted Date : 15-06-2016

Abstract

In the present study pedigree records maintained at Cattle Cross Breeding Project, VNMKV, Parbhani (Maharashtra) for the period of 1995-2010 were utilized to study correlation of lactation length and climatic factors. The climatic parameters considered were temperature, relative humidity, wind velocity, sunshine hours and dry and wet bulb temperature along with THI. The data on monthly lactation length of cows calved during cold, hot, south-west monsoon and post monsoon seasons were considered. Correlation and multiple regression analysis was used to investigate various sources of variation in monthly lactation length. Monthly lactation length data were analyzed to ascertain the effect of climatic attributes and to know their association with lactation lengths. The average monthly lactation length was recorded as 220.21 + 6.75 days in Deoni cattle. It can be inferred that maximum lactation length was recorded during post monsoon season (240.94 + 11.26 days) followed by south-west monsoon season (222.28 + 9.00 days), cold season (218.67 + 8.25 days) and hot season (198.95 + 10.71 days), respectively. 

Keywords

Deoni cows Environmental factor Lactation length season of calving.

References

  1. Anonymous (2013). Annual Report of Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
  2. Bajwa, I. R., Khan, M. S., Khan, M. A. and Gondal, K. Z. (2004). Environmental Factors Affecting Milk Yield and Lactation Length in Sahiwal Cattle. Pakistan Vet. Jr. 24: 23-27.
  3. Dahlin, A., Khan, U. N., Zafar, A. H., Saleem, M., Chaudhry, M. A. and Philipsson, J. (1998). Genetic and Environmental Causes of Variation in Milk Production Traits of Sahiwal Cattle in Pakistan. Anim. Sci., 66: 307-318.
  4. Das, D. and Balaine, D. S. (1980). Non-Genetic Factors Affecting Economic Trait in Haryana Cattle. Ind. Jr. of Dairy Sci., 33: 406-408.
  5. Ghule, R. B. (1992). Studies on Environmental Influences on Milk Production in Cross Bred (Holstein x Deoni) Cattle. M.Sc. Thesis Submitted to M.A.U., Parbhani M.S.
  6. Kadzere, C. T., Mureny, M. R. and Maltz, E. (2003). Heat Stress in Lactating During Cow: A Review, Livestock Production Science, 77: 59-91.
  7. Kale, M. M. and Basu, S. B. (1993). Effect of Climate and Breed on the Milk Production of Crossbred Cattle. Ind. Jr. of Dairy Sci. 46: 114 -117.
  8. Khadda, B. S., Pathodiya, O. P., Taparia, A. L. and Choudhary, J. L. (2004). Production and Reproduction Performance of Tharparkar Cattle. Indian Dairyman, 56: 66-68.
  9. Maske, S. S. and Phule, B. R. (2012). A Study of Indigenous Cattle Breeds and their Characteristics in Solapur District of Maharashtra. Review of Research, 1: 1-4.
  10. Singh, S. V., Kumar, P. and Upadhyay, R. C. (1997). Environmental Stress on Working Bovine. Dairy Guide, 4: 127-130.
  11. Sukhatme, P. V. and Amble, V. N. (1976). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. 3rd edn. ICAR pub. New Delhi. Pp. 97-104. 
  12. Thokal, M. R., Kothalkar, V. K. and Udar, S. A. (2004). Effect of Season of Calving on Production Performance of Purnathadi Buffaloes. Ind. Jr. Anim. Res., 38: 25-28.

Global Footprints