Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 3 (june 2017) : 431-437

Plasma profile of hormones and energy metabolites in low and high producing periparturient Sahiwal cows during summer and winter season

M.M. Vaidya, S.V. Singh*, R.C. Upadhyay, Anjali Aggarwal
1<p>Dairy Cattle Physiology Division,&nbsp;ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Vaidya M.M., Singh* S.V., Upadhyay R.C., Aggarwal Anjali (2016). Plasma profile of hormones and energy metabolites in low and high producing periparturient Sahiwal cows during summer and winter season . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(3): 431-437. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6835.

In order to study the plasma hormonal and metabolic changes in Zebu (Sahiwal) cattle during summer and winter season, five each of periparturient high and low yielding cows were selected from Livestock Research Centre, ICAR-NDRI, Karnal. Blood samples were collected on days -45, -30, -15 (prior to parturition), 0 (day of parturition) and 15, 30, 45 (postpartum) during both the seasons and plasma was separated. Plasma cortisol levels were significantly higher on day of parturition and during postpartum period in both the groups during both the seasons. Plasma insulin levels were significantly (P<0.05) lower during summer in high yielder group. On the day of calving, plasma T3 and T4 levels were significantly (P<0.05) lower in high yielders during both seasons. Plasma leptin levels were lower (P<0.05) on day of parturition in high yielders than low yielders during both seasons. Plasma glucose levels were significantly lower (P<0.05) on day of parturition and remained low during postpartum period in both groups during both seasons comparel to prepartum period. Plasma NEFA levels of both groups of cows were higher on the day of calving and remained higher during postpartum period over pre calving values. High yielder cows showed more deviation in stress markers viz. cortisol and NEFA than low yielder cows. Therefore, special attention should be given to feeding and management of the lactating animals (especially high yielding cows during summer) around parturition for sustained productivity and maintenance of homeostasis.

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