Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 3 (june 2017) : 431-437

Plasma profile of hormones and energy metabolites in low and high producing periparturient Sahiwal cows during summer and winter season

M.M. Vaidya, S.V. Singh*, R.C. Upadhyay, Anjali Aggarwal
1<p>Dairy Cattle Physiology Division,&nbsp;ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Vaidya M.M., Singh* S.V., Upadhyay R.C., Aggarwal Anjali (2016). Plasma profile of hormones and energy metabolites in low and high producing periparturient Sahiwal cows during summer and winter season . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(3): 431-437. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6835.

In order to study the plasma hormonal and metabolic changes in Zebu (Sahiwal) cattle during summer and winter season, five each of periparturient high and low yielding cows were selected from Livestock Research Centre, ICAR-NDRI, Karnal. Blood samples were collected on days -45, -30, -15 (prior to parturition), 0 (day of parturition) and 15, 30, 45 (postpartum) during both the seasons and plasma was separated. Plasma cortisol levels were significantly higher on day of parturition and during postpartum period in both the groups during both the seasons. Plasma insulin levels were significantly (P<0.05) lower during summer in high yielder group. On the day of calving, plasma T3 and T4 levels were significantly (P<0.05) lower in high yielders during both seasons. Plasma leptin levels were lower (P<0.05) on day of parturition in high yielders than low yielders during both seasons. Plasma glucose levels were significantly lower (P<0.05) on day of parturition and remained low during postpartum period in both groups during both seasons comparel to prepartum period. Plasma NEFA levels of both groups of cows were higher on the day of calving and remained higher during postpartum period over pre calving values. High yielder cows showed more deviation in stress markers viz. cortisol and NEFA than low yielder cows. Therefore, special attention should be given to feeding and management of the lactating animals (especially high yielding cows during summer) around parturition for sustained productivity and maintenance of homeostasis.

  1. Antunovic, Z., Novoselec, J., Sauerwein, H., Speranda, M., Vegara, M. and Pavic, V. (2011). Blood metabolic profile and some of hormones concentration in ewes during different physiological status. Bulgarian J. Agricul. Sci, 17: 687-695.

  2. Bernabucci, U., Ronchi, B., Lacetera, N. and Nardone, A. (2005). Influence of body condition score on relationships between metabolic status and oxidative stress in periparturient dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 88: 2017-2026.

  3. Beraidinell, L. J. G., Godfrey, R. W., Adair, R., Lunstra, D. D., Byerley, D. J., Gardenas, H. and Randel, R. D. (1992). Cortisol and prolactin concentrations during different seasons in relocated Brahma and Hereford bulls. Theriogenol., 37: 641-654.

  4. Block, S. S., Butler, W. R., Ehrhardt, R. A., Bell, A. W., Van Amburgh, M. E. and Boisclair, Y. R. (2001). Decreased concentration of plasma leptin in periparturient dairy cows is caused by negative energy balance. J. Endocrinol., 171: 339-348.

  5. Catalani, E., Amadori, M., Vitali, U. B., Alessandro, N. and Lacetera, N. (2010). The Andrea Hsp72 response in peri-    parturient dairy cows: relationships with metabolic and immunological parameters. Cell Stress and Chaperones: DOI 10.1007/s12192-010-0186-x.

  6. Chelikani, P. K., Ambrose, D. J., Keishler, D. H. and Kennelly, J. J. (2008). Effects of dietary energy and protein density on plasma concentrations of leptin and metabolic hormones in dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 1430-1441.

  7. Dantzer, R. and Mormede, P. (1983). Stress in farm animals: a need for re-evaluation. J. Anim. Sci., 57: 6-18.

  8. Filipejova, T. and Kovacik, J. (2009). Evaluation of selected biochemical parameters in blood plasma, urine and milk of dairy cows during the lactation period. Slovak J. Anim. Sci., 42: 8-12.

  9. Garcia, M. J., Alegria, A., Barbera, R., Farre, R. and Lagarda, M. J. (2000). Selenium, copper, and zinc indices of nutritional status: influences of sex and season on reference values. Biol. Trace Element Res., 73: 77- 83.

  10. Hatfield, P. G., Willian, A. H., James, A. R. and Halford, D. M. (1999). Effects of level of energy intake and energy demand on growth hormone, insulin and metabolites in Targhee and Suffolk ewes. J. Anim. Sci., 77: 2757-2765.

  11. Holtenius, P. and Holtenius, K. A. (2007). Model to estimate insulin sensitivity in dairy cows. Acta Veterinaria Scand. 49: 29. doi: 10.1186/1751-0147-49-29. 

  12. Horowitz, M. (2001). Heat acclimation: phenotypic plasticity and cues to the underlying molecular mechanisms, J. Thermal Biol., 26: 357-363.

  13. Jacob, S. K., Ranath, V., Philoina, P. T., Raghunandhanan, K.V. and Kanan, A. (2001). Assessment of physiological stress in perparturient cows and neonatal calves. Ind. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 45: 233-238. 

  14. Kadzere, C. T., Murphy, M. R., Silanikove, N. and Maltz, E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: a review, Livestock Prod. Sci., 77: 59-91.

  15. Karapehlivan, M., Atakisi, A., Atakisi, O., Yucayurt R. and Pancarci, S. M. (2007). Blood biochemical parameters during the lactation and dry period in Tuj Ewes. Small Ruminant Res., 73: 267-271.

  16. Kataria, A. K., Kataria, N., Bhatia, J. S. and Ghosal, A. K. (1993). Blood metabolic profile of Marwari goats in relation to seasons. Ind. Vet. J., 70: 761-762.

  17. Khan, J. R. and Ludri, R. S. (2002). Hormone proûles during periparturient period in single and twin fetus bearing goats. Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci., 15: 346-351.

  18. Liefers, S. (2004). Physiology and Genetics of Leptin In Periparturient Dairy Cows Ph.D. Thesis – Animal Breeding and Genetics, Wageningen University, Wageningen and Division of Animal Resources Development, Animal Sciences Group, Lelystad.

  19. Marai, I. F. M. and Habeeb, A. A. M. (2010). Buffalo’s biological functions as affected by heat stress- A review. Livestock Sci., 127: 89-109.

  20. Nielsen, B. L. (1999). Perceived welfare issues in dairy cattle, with special emphasis on metabolic stress Pages 1–8 in Metabolic Stress in Dairy Cows. Oldham, J. D., Simm, G., Groen, A. F., Nielsen, B. L., Pryce, J. E. and Lawrence, T.L.J. ed. British Soc. Anim.Sci. Occasional Publ., 24.

  21. Nikolic, J. A., Samanc, H., Begovic, P., Damjanovic, Z., Djokovic, R., Kostic, G., Krsmanovic, J. and Resanovic, V. (1997). Low peripheral serum thyroid hormone status independently affects the hormone profile of healthy and ketotic cows during the first week postpartum. Acta Veterinaria Beograd, 47: 3-13.

  22. Rasooli, A., Nouri, M., Khadjeh, G.H. and Rasekh, A. (2004). The influences of seasonal variations on thyroid activity and some biochemical parameters of cattle. Iranian J. Vet. Res., 5: 55-62. 

  23. Reynolds, C. K., Aikman, P. C., Lupoli, B., Humpheirs, D. J. and Beever, D. A. (2003). Splanchnic metabolism of dairy cows during the transition from late gestation through early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 1201-1217.

  24. Samanc, H., Stoji, V., Danijela, K., Milijan, J., Horia, C. and Ivan, V. (2010). Thyroid hormones concentrations during the mid-dry period an early indicator of fatty liver in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. J. Thyroid Res., doi:10.4061/    2010/897602.

  25. Sauerwein, H., Heintges, U., Hennies, M., Selhorst, T. and Daxenberger, A. (2004). Growth hormone induced alterations of leptin serum concentrations in dairy cows as measured by a novel enzyme immunoassay. Livestock Prod. Sci., 87: 189-195.

  26. Schaubli, M., Ritter, N., Hassig, M., Zerbe, H., Bleul, U. and Boos, A. (2008). Progesterone receptors, oestrogen receptor alpha and glucocorticoid receptors in the bovine intercaruncular uterine wall around parturition. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 103: 215-227.

  27. Sinka, K., Illek, J., Kumprechtova, D. and Novak, P. (2008). Changes T3 and T4 Plasma Concentrations in Dairy Cows during Lactation. Jubilee World Buiatrics Congress, 283.

  28. Stojic, V., Gvozdi, D., Danijela, K., Anna, N. J., Huszenicza, G., Samanc, H. and Ivanov, I. (2001). Serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine concentrations prior to and after delivery in primiparous Holstein cow. Acta Veterinaria, 51: 3-8.

Editorial Board

View all (0)