Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 1 (february 2017) : 70-74

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in ATP1A1 gene and their association with thermotolerance traits in Sahiwal and Karan Fries cattle

Ramendra Das, Ishwar Dayal Gupta*, Archana Verma, Sohanvir Singh1, Mahesh Vishwas Chaudhari, Lalrengpuii Sailo1, Nishant Verma, Rakesh Kumar
1<p>Molecular Genetics Lab, Dairy Cattle Breeding Division,&nbsp;ICAR-NDRI, Karnal-132 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Das Ramendra, Gupta* Dayal Ishwar, Verma Archana, Singh1 Sohanvir, Chaudhari Vishwas Mahesh, Sailo1 Lalrengpuii, Verma Nishant, Kumar Rakesh (2016). Single nucleotide polymorphisms in ATP1A1 gene and their association with thermotolerance traits in Sahiwal and Karan Fries cattle . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(1): 70-74. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9299.

Expression of stress genes under thermal stress partially explain the relatively higher thermal adaptability of indigenous breeds compared to exotic breeds of cattle. ATP1A1 gene is one of such gene that encodes for a1 isomer of Na+, K+- ATPase enzyme for Na+- coupled transport of metabolites, nutrients, ions and represents a plausible candidate for heat tolerance traits. Present study was designed to compare SNP variations in ATP1A1 gene and to evaluate their association with respiration rate, rectal temperature and heat tolerance coefficient in Sahiwal (51) and Karan Fries (50) cows maintained at Livestock Research Centre of National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal. Two SNPs (T27008243C and A27008223G) were identified in both the dairy cattle breeds. Association of each SNP genotype was analyzed using Generalized Linear Model procedure in Statistical Analysis System (SAS). Sahiwal cows with TT (15.91±1.89b) at T27008243C locus had lowest RR compared to TC genotypes (18.25±1.77ab) and CC genotype (19.24±1.52a), while in Karan Fries cows RR for AA genotype at A27008223G locus was lower (28.85±1.96b) compared to GG genotype (32.37±2.51a). Thus, the study indicated that the TT genotype at T27008243C locus in Sahiwal and AA genotype at 27008223 locus in Karan Fries cows are desirable genotypes for genetic adaptability under heat stress.

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