Biometry, production potential and genetic characterization of Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus) reared under captivity from western Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.8597    | Article Id: B-3085 | Page : 406-410
Citation :- Biometry, production potential and genetic characterization of Red JungleFowl (Gallus gallus) reared under captivity from western Himalayanstate of Himachal Pradesh, India .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):406-410

O.P. Kaila, Varun Sankhyan*, J.K. Reen, R.K. Vijh and Y.P. Thakur 

sankhyan@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, COVAS, CSKHPKV Palampur -176 062, HP, India.

Submitted Date : 31-07-2015
Accepted Date : 30-10-2015

Abstract

The present investigation was conducted to study the morphology, production potential and genetic architecture of Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus) kept in captivity. Records of 104 birds of RJF (65 males and 39 females) were utilized in study. Males had prominent plumage pattern with neck hackles, greenish black tails, and prominent bright red single comb, while females were comparatively smaller with very small combs. RJF are seasonal breeder having small clutch and egg size. Observed and effective number of alleles across the microsatellite loci varied from 5-18 with an overall mean of 10.28 and 5.04, respectively. The average expected heterozygosity and observed heterozygosity were 0.492 and 0.758 respectively.  Study revealed existence of population structure accompanied by higher inbreeding along with sufficient heterozygosity. The effort must be directed to introduce unrelated typical RJF in to the present population to maintain heterozygosity and ensure conservation of unique germplasm. 

Keywords

Biometry Captivity Microsatellite Production potential Red Jungle Fowl.

References

  1. Botstein, D., White R.L., Skolnick M., and Davis R.W. (1980). Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphism. Am. J. Hum. Genet., 32: 314-33.
  2. Boyce, W.M., Hedrick, R.W., Muggli-Cockett, N.E., Kalinowski, S., Penedo, M.C. and Ramney, R.R. (1996). J. Genet., 145:421-433. 
  3. Brisbin, I.L and Peterson, A.T. (2007). Playing chicken with Red jungle fowl: identifying phenotypic markers of genetic purity in Gallus gallus. Anim. Conserve., 10:429-435.
  4. Chen, G.H.X.S., D.Q. Wu, J. Wang, S.L. Qin, Q.L. Wu, F. Zhou, R. Xie, Q. Cheng, B. Xu, X.Y. Liu, Zhang and Olowofeso, O. (2004). Cluster Analysis of 12 Chinese Native Chicken Populations Using Microsatellite Markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 17: 1047-1052.
  5. Choi., Seo, D.W., Jemaa, S.B., Sultana, H.,Heo, K.N., Jo, C., and le, J.H. (2015).Discrimination of the commercial Korean native chicken population using microsatellite markers. J. Anim. Sci. Tech., 57:1-8. 
  6. Kagami, H., Nakamura, H. and Tomita, T. (1990). Sex identification in chickens by means of the presence of the W chromosome-specific repetitive DNA units. Japanese. Poult. Sci., 27: 379-384.
  7. Ohno, S., Stenius, Christian, L.C., Becak, W. and Becak, M. L. (1964). Chromosomal uniformity in the avian subclass Carinatae. Chromosoma., 15: 280-88. 
  8. Okada I., Yamamoto, Y., Haschiguchi, T and Ito, S. (1984). Phylogenetic studies on Japanese native breed of chicken. Japanese Poult. Sci., 21:318-329. 
  9. Pandey, A.K., D. Kumar, R. Sharma, U. Sharma, R.K. Vijh and Ahlawat, S.P.S (2005). Population Structure and Bottleneck Analysis of Ankleshwar Poultry breed by microsatellite markers. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 18: 915-920. 
  10. Tu, Y.J., K.W. Chen, S.J. Zhang, Q.P. Tang, Y.S. Gao and Yang N. (2006). Genetic Diversity of 14 Indigenous Grey Goose Breeds in China Based on Microsatellite Markers. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 19:1-7. 
  11. Vijh, R.K., Bharani, K.S.T., Mishra, B, Sood, S., Ratan, S. and Tantia, M.S. (2009). Physical and genetic attribute of Red Jungle Fowl. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 79: 406-410.
  12. Yamashita, H., Okomoto, S., Maeda, Y and Tsutomu, H. (1994) Genetic relationship among domestic and jungle fowls revealed by DNA fingerprinting analysis. J. Poult. Sci., 31:335-344
  13. Yeh, F.C., Boyle, T., Rongcai, Y., Ye, Z. and Xian, J.M. (1999). POPGENE version 3.1.(http://www.ualberta.ca/-fyeh/fyeh). 

Global Footprints