Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 2 (april 2017) : 395-397

A rare case of single pup syndrome and its management in a Labrador bitch

A. Ganesan*, P. Sankar, A.R. Ninu, K. Mohanambal, P.A. Enbavelan, R. Ram Prabhu
1<p>Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics,&nbsp;Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tirunelveli-627 358, India.</p>
Cite article:- Ganesan* A., Sankar P., Ninu A.R., Mohanambal K., Enbavelan P.A., Prabhu Ram R. (2016). A rare case of single pup syndrome and its management in a Labrador bitch . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(2): 395-397. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6817.

The intricate way of parturition in bitches is initiated by luteolysis in response to cortisol released by the fetuses in utero. Failure of luteolysis always associated with small litters and often leads to dystocia. The present case report documents an unusual case of single pup syndrome in a two year old Labrador bitch carrying single fetus. This syndrome has occurred at its first whelping wherein the dog made futile attempts to deliver the fetus, which has eventually become unproductive. Hence, caesarean section was indicated to save the life of the fetus and to preserve the welfare of  the dam.  


  1. Jackson, P.G.G. (2004). Dystocia in the dog In: Hand book of Veterinary Obstetrics (ed), Saunders and Imprint of Elsevier Ltd. Edinbourgh. 2: 141-166.

  2. Linde-Forsberg, C. and Eneroth, A. (2000). Abnormalities in pregnancy, parturition and the periparturient period. In: [Ettinger, S.J., Feldman, E.C]. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. (ed). 2: 1527-38.

  3. Pretzer, S.D. (2008). Medical management of canine and feline dystocia. Theriogenology. 3: 332-336.

  4. Ryan, S. and Wagner, A. (2006). Cesarean section in dogs: Physiology and Peri-operative considerations. In Compendium of Continuing Education for the Practising Veterinarian. 28: 34-42.

  5. Trass, A.M.(2008).Surgical management of canine and feline dystocia. Theriogenology. 3: 337-342.

  6. Verstegen-Onclin, K., Vertegen, J. (2008). Endocrinology of pregnancy in the dog: A review. Theriogenology. 70: 291-299

     

Editorial Board

View all (0)