Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 1 (february 2017) : 146-150

Comparison of rigidpolymethylmethacrylate and foldable square edgeacrylic lens replacement for management of cataract after phacoemulsification in 22 eyes of dogs

R. Ahmad*, N.S. Saini, S.K. Mahajan, J. Mohindroo, S.S. Singh
1<p>Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology,&nbsp;Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana -141 004, India.</p>
Cite article:- Ahmad* R., Saini N.S., Mahajan S.K., Mohindroo J., Singh S.S. (2015). Comparison of rigidpolymethylmethacrylate and foldable square edgeacrylic lens replacement for management of cataract after phacoemulsificationin 22 eyes of dogs . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(1): 146-150. doi: 10.18805/ijar.7080.

The clinical study was conducted on 22 eyes of 18 dogs (16 male and 2 female)to evaluate efficacy of Phacoemulsification for cataract removal and feasibility of rigid and foldable intraocular lens(+41 D) implantation in dogs. Animlas were operated under general anaesthesia using diazepam @ 0.5mg/kg b.wt and ketamine @ 5mg/kg b.wt combination and maintained on isoflurane inhalation anaesthesia. Animals were divided in two groups. In group I (n=5) rigid IOL polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) was used and in group II (n=17) square edge foldable acrylic lens was used. Cataractic lenses were removed by phacoemulsification using coaxial operating microscope. The animals were reviewed for surgical outcome, intraoperative and postoperative complications. Success rate was determined by dividing the number in which successful restoration of vision was observed with the total number of the eyes operated for cataract surgery and lens implantation. The results showed that restoration of functional vision was noted in 1/5 (20%) and 11/17 (64.70%) in group I and Group II respectively at the end of the study. Intraoperative complications observed were hyphema andmiosis in both groups however these complications were significantly lower in group II. Postoperative complications included corneal opacity, uveitis and corneal oedema in both the groups but severity of the complications were lower in group II.To conclude intraocular foldable lens implantation with +41D following phacoemulsification was found comparatively  effective technique with success rate of 64.70% for management of mature cataract in dogs. 

  1. Azar, D.T. and Rumelt, S. (2000). Phacoemulsification. In: Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. 2ndedn.D.M. Albert and F.A. Jakobiec (eds.). Philadelphia :W.B. Saunders London.pp1500-1513.

  2. Davidson, M.G, Murphy, C.J., Nasisse, M.P., Hellkamp, A.S., Olivero, D.K., Brinkmann, M.C and Campbell, L.H. (1993).Refractive state of aphakic and pseudophakic eyes of dogs.American Journal of Veterinary Research.54:174-177.

  3. Davidson, M.G.(2001).Towards a better canine intraocular lens.Veterinary ophthalmology. 4: 1.

  4. Dziezyc, J. (1990). Cataract surgery: Current approaches. Veterinary Clinics of North Americal: Smal AnimalPracitice. 20: 737-754.

  5. Gaiddon, J.,Rosolen,SG.,Lallemnet, P.E and Le Gargasson,J.F. (1997).New intraocular lens (IOL) for dogs: The foldable cani 15S. Preliminary results of surgical technique.Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science. 38 :179

  6. Gelatt, K. N and Gelatt, J. P. (2001). Surgical procedures ofthe lens and cataracts. In: Small Animal OphthalmicSurgery. Massachusette: Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd. pp.286-335.

  7. Glover, T.D and Constantinescu, G.M. (1997).Surgery for cataracts.Veterinary Clinics of North Americal: Smal AnimalPracitice. 27:1143-1173.

  8. Hollick, E.J,.Ursell, P.G. Pande, M.V and Spalton.D.J.(1997).Lensepithelial cells regression on the posterior capsule: A 2 yearprospective, randomized trial three different IOL materials. Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science. 38:19-24

  9. Jhala,S. K., Parikh, P.V.,Patil, D.B.,Kelawala, N.H.,Sheth, M.J., Joy.N and Patel,A.M (2009). Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantationindogs.Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery. 30: 1-4

  10. Moore, D.L., McLellan, G.J. and Dubielzig R.R. (2003). A study of morphology of canine eyes enucleatedor eviscerated due to complications following phacoemulsification. Veterinary Ophthalmology. 6: 219-226.

  11. Rajasekaran,R.,Ahirwar, M.K and Nagarajan,L.(2007). Evaluation of phacoemulsification Technique With Implantation of Foldable or Rigid Intraocular Lens In Dogs.Tamilnadu Journal Veterinary & Animal Sciences. 2:101 – 103

  12. Ramani,C.,Ahirwar, M.K.,Shafiuzama,M .,Nitin J D’souza,N.J.D and Nagarajan,L.(2013). Incidence of cataract in dogs : a retrospective study.Tamilnadu Journal Veterinary & Animal Sciences.9: 231 – 233

  13. Tuntivanich, P and Tuntivanich,N. (2003).Phacofragmentation and Aspiration in Canine Mature Cataract:Surgical technique, Success rate and Complications.The Thai Journal of Veterinary medicine. 37: 33-45.

  14. Wilkie, D.A. and Wolf, D.E. (1990).Cataract surgery. In: Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rdedn. M.J. Bojarb (ed.). Philadelphia : Lea &Febiger.pp 98-104


Editorial Board

View all (0)