Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 6 (december 2016) : 867-871

Breeding efficiency of Crossbred cattle and Murrah buffaloes at organized dairy farm

Varinder Raina*, Raman Narang, Puneet Malhotra, Simarjeet Kaur, P.P. Dubey, Shashi Tekam, S.K. Dash
1<p>Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding,&nbsp;Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University, Ludhiana-141 004, Punjab, India.</p>
Cite article:- Raina* Varinder, Narang Raman, Malhotra Puneet, Kaur Simarjeet, Dubey P.P., Tekam Shashi, Dash S.K. (2016). Breeding efficiency of Crossbred cattle and Murrahbuffaloes at organized dairy farm . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(6): 867-871. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6663.

A total of 1474 and 1935 production and reproduction records of crossbred cattle and Murrah buffaloes from the year 1992 to 2012 were utilized in the present study to investigate breeding efficiency (BE) and various performance traits. Breeding efficiency was calculated using Wilcox and Tomar methods and  Least –squares of Harvey model was used to study the effects of various non-genetic factors (period, season) on breeding efficiency.  Average breeding efficiency of Crossbred cattle  was 82.31 ± 0.97%  ranging from 75% to 85% by Wilcox method and 98.14 ± 1.09% ranging from 95% to 99% by Tomar method. Average breeding efficiency of  buffaloes was 78.03 ± 1.01% ranging from 69% to 84% by Wilcox method and 78.39  ± 0.39% ranging from 74% to 80% by Tomar method  under the management conditions. Breeding efficiency correlated positively with weight at calving, milk yield 305 days and milk yield complete in Crossbred cattle and Murrah buffaloes by both methods. The effect of period was significant(<0.01) on the breeding efficiency by Wilcox method and non-significant by Tomar method in Crossbred cattle. The effect of season was non-significant on breeding efficiency by both methods in crossbred cattle. In Murrah buffaloes the effect of period was significant(<0.01) on the breeding efficiency by both methods  while the effect  season was significant(<0.05) on breeding efficiency by Tomar method and non significant by Wilcox method. Therefore it is imperative to emphasis improvement in the husbandry practices and the introduction of genetic evaluation programmes at the same time.

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