Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak
Print ISSN 0367-6722
Online ISSN 0976-0555
NAAS Rating 6.43
Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)
Energy dispersive spectrophotometry based quantitative elemental estimation of equine enterolith
First Online 28-01-2017|
A male horse of six years old showing episodic, mild to moderate abdominal pain with congested mucous membranes and mild dehydration. Rectal temperature, heart and respiratory rates were recorded 100.7 0F, 56 per min and 20 per min, respectively. Per-rectal examination revealed mucoid scanty faeces and hard mass of stone in the rectum and the case was diagnosed as of enterolithiasis. The enteroliths recovered were assessed morphologically and analysed using Energy Dispersive X-rays Spectrophotometer (EDS) for elemental analysis. The predominant elements present on the surface of the enterolith were O (72.43 %), P (9.10%), Mg (10.79%), Si (2.59%), Al (1.63%) and Na (1.49%). The mid layer was predominated by O (67.04%), P (8.31%), Mg (6.87%) and N (9.91%) and in core, O (73.13%), P (9.66%), Mg (8.24%) and N (7.89%).
- Anne Rodiek (2001). Hay for horses: alfalfa or grass? Published In: Proceedings, 31st California Alfalfa & Forage Symposium, 12-13 December, 2001, Modesto, CA, UC Cooperative Extension, University of California, Davis. (http://alfalfa.ucdavis.edu).
- Anthony, T. Blikslager and Samuel L. Jones. (2004). Obstructive disorders of the gastrointestinal Tract. In: Equine Internal Medicine. Equine Internal Medicine. 2nd end. Sounders Publication, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
- Blue, M.G. and Wittkopp, R.W. (1981). Clinical structural features of equine enteroliths. J. Am Vet Med. Assoc. 179: 79-82
- Hassel, D.M, Langer, D.L. and Snyder, J.R. (1999). Evaluation of enterolithiasis in equids: 900 cases (1973-1996), J Am Vet Med Assoc., 214: 233-237.
- Hassel, D.M., Schiffman, P.S. and Snyder, J.R. (2001). Petrographic and geochemic evaluation of equine enteroliths, Am J Vet Res., 62: 350-358.
- Lloyd, K., Hintz, H.F. and Wheat, J.D. (1987). Enteroliths in horses, Cornell Vet., 77: 172-186.
- Stephen M. Reed, Warwick M. Bayly and Debra C. Sellon. (2004). Equine Internal Medicine. 2nd end. Sounders Publication, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.