Genetic analysis of growth, production and reproduction traits after long-term selection in Rhode Island Red chicken

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.10987    | Article Id: B-2972 | Page : 646-651
Citation :- Genetic analysis of growth, production and reproduction traits afterlong-term selection in Rhode Island Red chicken .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):646-651

Abdul Rahim, Sanjeev Kumar*, Jagadeesan K.1, Shafee Ullah, Jowel Debnath, Ramji Yadav and S. K. Bhanja2
Address :

Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Division of Avian Genetics and Breeding, ICAR-Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India.

Submitted Date : 24-03-2015
Accepted Date : 7-07-2015


In present investigation, 325 single-hatched RIR chicks that has undergone 30 generation of selection based on 40-week part-period egg production were evaluated for growth and layer economic traits using least-squares analysis of variance. Overall least-square means of body weight at 16, 20, 40 and 64 weeks of age were 1362.6±21.4g, 1791.6±24.5g, 2184.6±26.2g and 2433.8±34.2g, respectively. Males were significantly heavier than females (P£0.001) at all ages. Least-square means of age at sexual maturity, egg weight at 28, 40 and 64 weeks of age, egg number up to 40 and 64 weeks of age were 134.5±0.9days, 44.8±0.3g, 47.73±0.4g, 51.5±0.7g, 118.3±1.2eggs and 214.5±4.8eggs, respectively. Heritability estimates were high for growth and low to medium for layer economic traits.  Genetic and phenotypic correlations among body weights were high and positive. The egg production up to 40 weeks revealed high and positive genetic (0.89±0.15) as well as phenotypic (0.63) correlations with egg production up to 64 weeks suggesting the its usefulness as selection criterion for genetic improvement of annual egg production.


Correlation Growth traits Heritability Layer traits RIR Chicken.


  1. 19th Livestock Censuses. (2012). Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  2. Anees, C., Veeramani, P., Narayanankutty, K., Jacob, A. and Riyas, M A. (2010). Estimation of genetic and phenotypic parameters of economic traits in White Leghorn. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 45: 14-17.
  3. Barot, V. N., Savaliya, F. P., Hirani, N. D., Patel, A. B., Vataliya, P. H., Khanna, K., Patel, A. M. and Joshi, R. S. (2008). Genetic parameters of various economic traits in different generations of synthetic White Leghorn. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 43: 20-24.
  4. Bhardwaj, R. K., Kumar, S., Pant, D., Kumar, A. and Sharma, R. K. (2006). Study of growth, reproductive and carcass traits in purebred and crossbred chicken. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 41: 301-303.
  5. Borah, M. and Halim, R. A. (2014). Dynamics and performance of livestock and poultry sector in India: A temporal analysis. J. Acad. Indus. Res., 3: 1-9. 
  6. Brah, G. S., Chaudhary, M. L. and Sandhu, J. S. (2002). Inheritance of changes in body weights over the laying cycle and their interrelationships with economic traits in White Leghorns. J. Poult. Sci., 37: 215­-220.
  7. Das, A. K., Kumar, S., Rahim, A. and Mishra, A. K. (2014). Genetic Variability in Immunocompetence and Performance Status of Rhode Island Red Chicken Strains and its Crosses. International Journal of Bioresource and Stress Management, 5: 246-254 
  8. Das, A. K. (2013). Microsatellite Polymorphism, Immunocompetence Profile and Performance Evaluation of Rhode Island Red chicken and its crosses Ph.D. Thesis, Submitted to IVRI, Izatnagar, India.
  9. Falconer, D. S. and Mackay, T. F. C. (1996). Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 4th edn. Addison Wesley, Longman Limited, England.
  10. FAO, (2009). Food and Agriculture Organization Banques de donnees, FAOSTAT: Agriculture.
  11. Harvey, W. R. (1990). User’s guide for LSMLMW, mixed model least squares and maximum likelihood computer programme. Ohio State University (Mimeograph).
  12. Jayalaxmi, P., Gupta, R. B., Chatterjee, R. N., Sharma, R. P. and Reddy, R. V. (2010). Genetic analysis of growth and production traits in IWK strain of White Leghorn. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 45: 123-26.
  13. Jilani, M. H., Harpal, S. and Singh, C. B. (2005). Performance evaluation and selection indices in a strain of Rhode Island Red. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 40: 278-281.
  14. Khawaja, T., Khan, S. H., Mukhtar, N., Ullah, N. and Parveen A. (2013). Production performance, egg quality and biochemical parameters of Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red and their reciprocal crossbred chickens. J. Applied Anim. Res., 41: 208-217.
  15. Kumar, A., Sharma, R. K., Singh, H., Singh, C. V. and Singh, B. (2002). Genetic studies on some economic traits of Rhode Island Red. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 37: 31-34.
  16. Nwagu, B. I., Olorunju, S. A. S., Oni, O. O., Eduvie, L. O., Adeyinka, I. A., Sekoni, A. A. and Abeke, F. O. (2007). Response of egg number to selection in Rhode Island chickens selected for part period egg production. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 18-22.
  17. Oni, O. O., Abubakar, B. Y., Dim, N. I., Asiribo, O. E. and Adeyinka, I. A. (2007). Genetic and phenotypic relationships between Mcnally model parameters and egg production traits. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 8-12.
  18. Qadri, F. S., Savaliya, F. P., Patel, A. B., Joshi, R. S., Hirani, N. D. and Patil, S. S. (2013). Genetic study on important economic traits in two strains of White Leghorn chicken. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 48: 149-153. 
  19. Rajkumar, U., Reddy, B. L. N., Padhi, M. K., Haunshi, S., Nirajan, M., Bhattacharya, T. K. and Chatterjee, R. N. (2011). Inheritance of growth and production traits in sex linked dwarf chicken of laying cycle in 64 weeks. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 48: 143-147. 
  20. Rao, S. T. V., Preetham, V. C., Devi, K. S. and Narasimha, J. (2012). Comparative performance of two synthetic backyard poultry varieties. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 47: 295-297.
  21. Reddy, B. L. N., Panda, A. K., Reddy, M. R., Rao, S. V. R. and Praharaj, N. K. (2001). Studies on the influence of juvenile growth traits on laying performance in egg type chickens. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 36: 290-293.
  22. Saini, S., Chaudhary, M. L., Brah, G. S. and Bajwa, I. S. (2011). Genetic evaluation of feed efficiency traits and thermoregulation in different strains of egg laying chicken. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 46: 137-142.
  23. Sethi, S., Mishra, P. K., Mishra, S. C. and Dehuri, P. K. (2003). Genetic characterization of a White Leghorn population for some production traits. J. Poult. Sci., 38: 277-80
  24. Sharma, P. K., Verma, S. K., Sharma, R. K. and Singh, B. (2003). Genetic studies of Inbred and control population of White Leghorn. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 38: 274-276.
  25. Sharma, R. P. and Chatterjee, R. N. (2006). Research priorities in poultry genetics and breeding to 2020. In: Poultry Research Priorities to 2020. Proceedings of National Seminar, Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar.
  26. Vasu, Y., Rao, N. G., Sharma, R. P., Harary, R. C., Gupta, R. B. and Satyanarayana, A. (2004). Inheritance of important economic traits in IWI and control strains of White Leghorn. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 39: 1-8.
  27. Zelleke, G., Moudgal, R. P. and Asmare, F. (2005). Fertility and hatchability in RIR and WL breeds as functionally modified by crossing them in alternate sex combinations (Gallus domesticus). British Poult. Sci., 46: 119-123.

Global Footprints