Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 5 (october 2016) : 717-720

Effect of diet containing sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) meal on nutrient utilization and growth performance of indigenous growing pigs  

Suzanne Malsawmthangi, R.J.Kukde, A.K.Samanta*
1<p>College of Veterinary Sciences &amp; Animal Husbandry (CAU),&nbsp;Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram-796 014, India.</p>
Cite article:- Malsawmthangi Suzanne, R.J.Kukde, A.K.Samanta* (2015). Effect of diet containing sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) meal on nutrient utilization and growth performance of indigenous growing pigs . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(5): 717-720. doi: 10.18805/ijar.7492.

Twenty- four (24) indigenous growing pigs were selected and randomly divided into 4 treatment groups consisting of 6 animals in each group penned individually and provided with the facility of separate feeding and watering to each pig. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) meal (roots and leaves at 1:1 ratio) was incorporated in the diet to replace standard pigs grower ration at 0% (G1), 25% (G2), 50%(G3) and 75% (G4). During the feeding trial of 90 days, it was observed that the average dry matter intake was higher in G2 followed by G3 and G1 being the lowest. The feed conversion efficiency and average daily gain decreased as the level of sweet potato meal increased. However there were no significant differences (P>0.05) among the different treatment groups in regards to feed conversion efficiency and average daily gain. From the digestibility trial, no significant differences (P>0.05) were observed in the digestibility co- efficient of dry matter, crude protein and crude fibre among the different treatment groups. It is concluded that sweet potato meal can replace standard pig grower ration up to 75% without any adverse effect on growth, feed conversion efficiency and nutrient utilization.

  1. Anonymous. (2005). Sweet potato based feeding system for swine production, In: Annual Report 2004-05. ICAR Research complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya, pp.92.

  2. AOAC. (2000). Official Methods of Analysis. 17th edition, vol. 2, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC., USA.

  3. Antia, B.S., Akpan, E.J., Okon, P.A. and Umoren, I.U. (2006). Nutritive and Anti- Nutritive Evaluation of Sweet Potatoes (Ipomoea Batatas) Leaves. Pak. J of Nutri., 5: 166-168.

  4. Dominguez, P.L. (1991). Feeding of sweet potato to monogastrics. In: Machin, D. and Nyvold, S(Eds).Roots, tubers, plantains and bananas in animal feeding. FAO Anim. Prod. & Health. Paper 95, pp 217-229.

  5. Goering,H.K.and Van Soest, P.J. (1970). Forage Fibre Analysis, Agricultural Handbook.379.USDA, Washington DC,pp 8-12.

  6. Gupta, J.J.,Bordoloi, R.K., Reddy, P.B. and Bujarbaruah, K.M. (2007). Performance of crossbred pigs fed on boiled sweet potato supplemented with soyabean meal. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 24: 44-46.

  7. Loan, C. and Vathana, S. (2004). Utilization of sweet potato to improve the economics productivity of pig production in Cambodia. [Online] Available: 

  8. http:// Accessed May 26, 2015

  9. Montanez, O. E. (1982). The growth performance of growing- finishing pigs fed with cooked sweet potato as a source of energy by selected farmers of Baybay., BSA thesis, VisCA, Baybay, Leyte.

  10. National Research Council. (1998). Nutrient Requirement of Swine.10th revised Edition, National Academy of Sciences, Washington.DC..USA

  11. Naskar, S.K., Gupta, J.J., Nedunchezhiyan, M. and Bardoli, R.K. (2008). Evaluation of Sweet Potato Tubers in Pig ration. J. Root Crops., 34: 50-53.

  12. Nedunchezhiyan, M and Reddy,S. D. (2002) Nitrogen management in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) under rainfed conditions. Indian J. Agron., 47: 449-454.

  13. Noblet, J., Fortuna, H., Dupire, C. and Dubois, S. (1990). Sweet potato in pig nutrition. Jour. Rech. Porc. Franc. , 22: 175-184.

  14. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical method, 1st East-West Press ed., Affiliate East-West Private Ltd., New Delhi.

  15. Talapatra, S.K., Ray, S.C. and Sen, K.C. (1940). Estimation of Phosphorus, Chlorine, Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium and Potassium in Foodstuff. Indian J of Vety. Sci. and Anim. Husband.,10:243-246.

  16. Yadav, B.P.S., Gupta, H.K. and Gupta, J.J. (1995). Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)on a component of swine ration. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 65: 455- 459.

  17. Yadav, B.P.S. and Gupta, J.J. (1997). Nutritional evaluation of tubers in pigs. Indian J.Anim. Nutr., 14: 61-63.

Editorial Board

View all (0)