Studies on body weight, body measurements and scrotal morphology in local Pantja goats

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.5718    | Article Id: B-2921 | Page : 105-111
Citation :- Studies on body weight, body measurements and scrotal morphology in local Pantja goats .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):105-111

M. Patni, S. K. Singh, D. V. Singh, J. Palod, A. Kumar, M. K. Singh* and S. Sathapathy1

manishkumarsingh08@yahoo.com
Address :

Department of Livestock Production Management, G.B.P.U.A&T, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand- 263 145, India.

Submitted Date : 14-01-2015
Accepted Date : 23-06-2015

Abstract

The present study was carried out on Pantja bucks divided into four age groups viz. Group A (3-6 months), B(6-12 months), C (12-24 months) and D (> 24 months) respectively. The study revealed that the size of the testes varied in different age groups. The testicular length (TL) of group A, B, C and D was 3.77±0.09, 5.76±0.12, 6.47±0.16, 6.80±0.07 cm, respectively. The right testicular width (RTW) of groups A, B, C, D were 2.02±0.19, 3.58±0.11, 4.28±0.19, 4.46±0.09 cm, respectively and the left testicular width (LTW) was found relatively lower than the right of similar age group, but the difference was statistically non-significant. The mean testicular thickness was 1.63±0.18, 3.44±0.07, 3.91±0.07, 4.06±0.04 cm in group A, B, C and D. Further, the left testicular thickness (LTT) was relatively lower than the right of similar age group, but the difference was statistically non-significant. The scrotal volume in groups A, B, C and D were 23.40±3.19, 101.7±5.43, 162.86±17.55, 210.0±8.78 ml respectively. The testicular volume was highest in group D followed by group C, B and A. The increment in volume was lowest between group C and D and highest between group A and B. Scrotal surface temperature was found in the range of 93.8 - 96.2°F with an average of 95.2±0.30, 94.6±0.25, 94.6±0.22, 95.3±0.10°F in group A, B, C and D respectively while rectal temperature was found 102.8± 0.13, 101.6 ±0.41, 102.3± 0.32, 102.3± 0.5°F, respectively. The proportion of testicular weight to body weight was found as 0.002±0.0003, 0.005±0.0002, 0.005±0.0004 and 0.004±0.0002 in group A, B, C and D respectively. Scrotal neck width and scrotal neck thickness of group A, B, C and D was found as 2.31±0.08, 4.13±0.19, 4.31±0.46, 4.77±0.76 and 1.37±0.21, 1.52±0.15, 1.86±0.24, 2.28±0.08 cm, respectively. It can be concluded that the body weight has positive and significant (P

Keywords

Body weight Morphology Pantja goats Scrotal.

References

  1. Agga, G.E., Udala, U., Regassa, F. and Wudie, A. (2011). Body measurements of bucks of three goat breeds in Ethiopia and their correlation to breed, age and testicular measurements. Small Rumin. Res. 95: 133-138.
  2. Alade, N.K., Ezeokoli, C.L. and Muhammed, I.D. (2009). The relationships between body weight, testicular weight, age and the scrotal circumference of goats in the semi-arid Maiduguri, Nigeria. Anim. Prod. Res. Adv. 5.
  3. Alkass, J.E., Bryant, M.J. and Walton, J.S. (1982). Some effects of level of feeding and body condition upon sperm production and gonadotropin concentrations in the ram. Anim. Prod. 34: 265-277.
  4. Banerjee, G.C. (2005). Textbook of Animal Husbandry 8th Ed. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  5. Bilaspuri, G.S., Singh K. (1992). Developmental changes in body weight and testicular characteristics in Malabari goat kids. Theriogenology 37: 507-520.
  6. Bitto, I.I. and Egbunike, G.N. (2012). The semen characteristics of pubertal West African Dwarf bucks. Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci. 35: 191-197.
  7. Bongso, T.A., Jainudeen, M.R. and Zahrah, A.S. (1982). Relationship of scrotal circumference to age, body weight and onset of spermatogenesis in goats. Theriogenology 18: 513-524.
  8. Bourdon, R.M. and Brinks, J.S. (1986). Scrotal circumference in yearling Hereford bulls adjustment factors, heritabilities and genetic, environmental and phenotypic relationships with growth traits. J. Anim. Sci. 62: 958-967.
  9. Chenoweth, P.J., Petherick, J.C. and Bertram, J.D. (2002). Sexual behavior in the bull. In: G. Fordyce, Editor, Bull Fertility: Selection and Management in Australia, Australian Association of Cattle Veterinarians, Indooroopilly. pp. 4.1-4.11. 
  10. Giri, S.C., Mohanty, B.N., Ray, S.K.H. and Mohany, D.N. (1994). Biometry of scrotum and testicles in Black Bengal and Ganjam breed of bucks with relation to fertility. Indian Vet. J. 71: 561-564.
  11. Gofur, M.R., Khan, M.Z.I., Karim, M.R. and Islam, M.N. (2007). Biometry oftestis of indigenous bull (Bos indicus) of Bangladesh in relation to body weight and scrotal circumference. J. Bangladesh Soc. Agric. Sci. Tech., 4: 205-208.
  12. Gogoi, C., Deka, B.C., Biswas, R.K., Nath, K.C., Baruah P.M. and Sarmah, B.C. (2005). Testicular biometry in Beetal x Assam bucks during adolescence. Indian J. Small Rumin. 11: Abstract
  13. Islam, N. (2001). Anatomical studies of the male genital system of Black Bengal goat. M.S. Thesis. Submitted to: Department of Anatomy and Histology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, pp. 41-49.
  14. Kabiraj, S.K., Hoque, S.A.M., Khandoker, M.A.M. and Husain, S.S. (2011). Testicular biometry and its relationship with body weight and semen output of Black Bengal bucks in Bangladesh. J. Cell and Anim.Bio. 5: 27-32.
  15. Khan, H., Muhammad, F., Ahmad, R., Nawaz, G., Rahimullah and Zubair,M. (2006). Relationship of body weight with linear body measurements in goats. J. Agril. Biol. Sci. 1: 51-54.
  16. Keith, L., Okere, C., Solaiman, S. and Bolden-Tiller, O. (2009). Accuracy of predicting body weights from body conformation and testicular morphometry in pubertal Boer goats. Res. J. Anim. Sci. 3: 26-31.
  17. Koyuncu, M., Kara Uzun, S., Ozis, S. and Duru, S. (2005). Development of testicular dimensions and size, and their relationship to age and body weight in growing Kivircik (Western Thrace) ramlambs. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 50: 243–248.
  18. Mekasha, Y., Tegegne, A., Abera, A. and Rodriguez-Martinze, H. (2008). Body size and testicular traits of tropically-    adapted bucks raised under extensive husbandry in Ethiopia. Reprod. Domestic. Anim. 43: 196-206.
  19. Mittal, J.P. and. Ghosh, P.K. (1985). Characteristics of Parbastar breed of goats from Rajasthan desert. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 55: 673-678.
  20. Mule, M.R., Barbind, R.P. and Korake, R.L. (2014). Relationship of body weight with linear body measurement in Osmanabadi goats. Indian J. of Anim. Res. 48: 155-158.
  21. Okere, C., Bradley, P., Bridges, E.R., Bolden-Tiller, O., Ford, D. and Paden, A. (2011). Relationships among body conformation, testicular traits and semen output in electro-ejaculate pubertal Kiko goat bucks. J. Agric. Biol. 6.
  22. Oyeyemi, M. O., Fayomi, A. P., Adeniji D.A. and Ojo, K.M. (2012). Testicular and Epididymal Parameters of Sahel Buck in the Humid Zone of Nigeria. Int. J. Morphol. 30: 489-492.
  23. Paul, S., Khandoker, M.A.M.Y., Moinuddin, M.A. and Paul, R.C. (2011). Characterization of Black Bengal goat. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 9: 61–66.
  24. Prasad, B., Singh, C.S.P. and Mishra, H.R. (1981). Note of body weight measurement relationship in Black Bengal goats. Indian J. of Anim. Sci. 55: 880-882.
  25. Purohit, R.C., Hudson, R.S., Riddel, M.G., Carson, R.L., Wolfe, D.F. and Walker, D.F. (1985). Thermography of the bovine scrotum. Am. J. Vet. Res. 46: 26388-92.
  26. Rahman, H.M.S., Khandoker, M.A.M.Y., Husain, S.S, Apu, A.S., Mondal A. and Notter D.R. (2008). Morphometric characterization and relationship of body weight with linear body measurements in Black Bengal buck. Bang. J. Anim. Sci. 37: 8 – 16.
  27. Salhab, S.A., Zarkawi M., Wardeh, M.F., Al-Masri, M.R. and Kassem, R. (2001). Development of testicular dimen­sions and size, and their relationship to age, body weight and parental size in growing Awassi ram lambs. Small    Rumin. Res. 40: 187–191.
  28. Shamsuddin, M., Amiri, Y., Bhuiyam, M.M.U. (2000). Characteristics of buck semenwith regard to ejaculate numbers, collection intervals, diluents and preservation periods. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 35: 53-57.

Global Footprints