Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 4 (august 2016) : 557-560

Prevalence of uterine infection in relation to certain haematological and biochemical changes of blood serum in dairy cows

B. Sarkar, K. Ray, U. Sarkar*
1<p>Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences,&nbsp;West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata-700 037, West Bengal, India.&nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- Sarkar B., Ray K., Sarkar* U. (2016). Prevalence of uterine infection in relation to certain haematological and biochemical changes of blood serum in dairy cows . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(4): 557-560. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9419.

In the present study, blood samples of 79 cows with different uterine infections (pyometra, endometritis, cervicitis and abortion) and 41 normal cows of non-descripts and crossbreds were collected to study the prevalence of uterine infection in relation to haematological as well as biochemical changes in blood serum. In uterine infections, major infection remained endometritis which was recorded as highest (34.16%) followed by pyometra (18.33%), cervicitis (10.00%) and abortion (3.33%). Haematological study revealed a significant decrease in haemoglobin and total erythrocyte count while a significant increase in total leukocyte count in animals with uterine infection as compared to the control group. Biochemical study revealed that there was a severe decrease in serum glucose and serum cholesterol level in uterine infected cows in comparison to healthy cows. It was concluded that infection in the body, nature of the causative agents, and resistance of animal and localization of inflammatory response might be possible causes of lower biochemical parameters and haematological parameters except total leukocyte count in uterine infected cows.

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