Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 5 (october 2016) : 799-803

Breeding and calf rearing management practices followed in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh, India

Satya Prakash Yadav, Vinod Kumar Paswan*, Pushkraj Sawant, Basant Kumar Bhinchhar
1<p>Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying,&nbsp;Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, India.</p>
Cite article:- Yadav Prakash Satya, Paswan* Kumar Vinod, Sawant Pushkraj, Bhinchhar Kumar Basant (2016). Breeding and calf rearing management practices followed inVaranasi district of Uttar Pradesh, India . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(5): 799-803. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9643.

A study on breeding and calf rearing management practices of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh was carried on by collecting data from 250 dairy farmers of 5 different block viz. Sewapuri, Kashi Vidyapeeth, Arajiline, Rohaniya and Chiriagoan of Varanasi district. The study revealed that almost all the respondents relayed only on symptoms of estrus and particularly mucus discharge alone (33.6%) or in combination of other symptoms of estrus like bellowing (45.2%) and restlessness (21.2%) for heat detection in their animals. Respondents were breeding their animals by AI (26.8%), natural service (26.8%) and by both (46.4%). Mostly (73.2%) respondents mate their animals after 18 hrs of heat detection, while maximum (41.6%) number of respondents bred their animals between 3-5 months after calving. In case of calf rearing management practices, study revealed that 70% of respondents attended their animals during calving, while only 30.4% of respondents practiced ligation, cutting and disinfection of navel cord. Only 32% respondents fed their calves colostrum within 2 hrs of birth. 66.4% of respondents weaned their calves at 3 months of age, rest never weaned their calves. Majority 57.6% of farmers provided calf starter to their calves, while 42.4% didn’t provided calf starter and 68.4% of respondents fed fodder to their calves around 2 months of age. Only 38% respondents were dehorning their calves and 33.2% castrating their male calves in the study area.

  1. Basic Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Statistics (2013), Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.

  2. Ahirwar R R, Nanavati S and Nayak N K. (2011). Feeding and breeding management of buffaloes under rural and urban areas of Indore district of M.P. Indian J. Field Vet. Vol. 6: 29-30.

  3. Chowdhary N R, Patel J B and Bhakat M. (2006). An overview of feeding, breeding and housing practices of dairy animals under milk co-operative system in Banaskantha district of North Gujarat region. Dairy Planner 5: 8–10.

  4. Dhiman P C, Singh N and Yadav B L. (1990). A study on cattle and buffalo feeding and breeding practices in adopted and non-adopted village of Hisar district. Indian journal of Animal Production and Management 6: 90–4.

  5. Kumar U, Mehla R K, Chandra R and Roy B. (2006). Studies on managemental practices followed by the traditional owners of Sahiwal cows in Punjab. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 58: 123–28.

  6. Malik D S and Nagpaul P K. (1999). Studies on housing and feeding management practices of Murrah buffalo in its home-    tract of Haryana. Indian Journal of Production Management 15: 52–54.

  7. Mathur P. (2001). Problems and prospects of improved cattle management in arid western plain zone of Rajasthan. Ph.D. Thesis, MPUAT, Udaipur.

  8. Modi R J and Patel N B. (2010). Breeding practices in dairy animals of rural area under milk shed of North Gujarat. Indian J. Field Vet. 5 : 5-6.

  9. Rao S V N, Kherde R L and Tyagi K C. (1992). Why delay in farmers adoption of dairy technologies. Indian Dairyman 44: 288.

  10. Rathore R S, Singh R, Kachwaha R N and Kumar R. (2010). Existing management practices followed by the cattle keepers in Churu district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80: 798–805.

  11. Sabapara G P , Desai P M, Kharadi V B , Saiyed L H and Singh Rana Ranjeet. (2010). Housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals in the tribal area of South Gujarat. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80: 1022–27.

  12. Sheikh A S and Parmar D V. (2015). Kankrej cattle management practices followed in rearing at Northern part of Gujarat. Life Sciences Leaflets. 60: 78-86.

  13. Singh R P, Sinha S K and Pandev A K. (2008). Adoption of scientific dairy husbandry practices by khatal owners of Ranchi City. Progressive Research. 3: 93-94. 

  14. Singh S K, Agarwal S B, Chandel, B S. (2012). Resource use efficiency in buffalo milk production in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh India. J. Dairying, Foods & H. S. 31: 259 - 263, 2012

  15. Sinha R R K , Dutt T, Singh R R, Bhusan B, Singh M And Kumar S. (2009). Feeding and housing management practices of dairy animals in Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 79 : 829–833.

  16. Sinha R R K , Dutt T, Singh R R, Bhusan B, Singh R ,Singh M and Kumar S. (2010). Comparative studies of calf rearing and milking management practices in rural,semi-urban and urban areas of Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80: 483–485.

  17. Sohal T S. (1985). “Constraints on transfer of technologies” Transferable technologies for enhancing milk production. Publication no. 217, NDRI, Karnal.

  18. Tiwari R, Sharma M C and Singh B P. (2009). Animal feeding and management strategies in the commercial dairy farms Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 79: 1183–1184.

  19. Tripathi, V N. 1995. Proc. 2nd Annual Conference of Indian Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Research held at the HAU, Hissar, January, 24-25.

  20. Yadav R S, Yadav M S, Singh M P and Kashi Ram. (1990). Effect of provision of bedding and jacketing on growth performance buffalo calves during winter season. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management 6: 195.

  21. Yadav C M, Bhimawat B S and Khan P M. (2009). Existing breeding and healthcare practices of cattle in tribals of Dungarpur district of Rajasthan. Indian Res. J. Ext. Education 9: 36-38. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)