Effects of feeding different levels of proteins on the performance in Khaki Campbell ducks during starter stage

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00015.1    | Article Id: B-2880 | Page : 70-76
Citation :- Effects of feeding different levels of proteins on the performance in Khaki Campbell ducks during starter stage.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2015.(49):70-76
S.K. Joshi1*, S.K. Sahoo, L.K. Babu1, S.C. Giri and D. Mondal suman.joshi@rocketmail.com
Address : Regional Centre, Central Avian Research Institute, Bhubaneswar-751003, India.


The present study was conducted on the 225 unsexed day-old Khaki Campbell ducklings in the Regional Centre, CARI, Bhubaneswar during the period between March to June, 2013. The ducklings were randomly distributed into three treatment groups viz. T1, T2 and T3 supplemented with 18, 20 and 22 per cent crude protein respectively and three replicates in each group to study the effect of feeding different levels of proteins on the performance of the ducks during starter stage. It was found that the live weight of ducklings in different treatments group increased steadily up to 8 weeks of age attaining the lowest body weight of 1243.45±23.01 g in T1  and highest body weight of 1292.97±0.71 g in T3. Significantly (p£0.05) lower daily feed intake was observed in T3 during 3rd week of age than T1 and T2 and the intake was significantly (p£0.05) lower in T3 than T1 but not from T2 at 8th week of age. The apparent metabolisibility of dry matter in T1, T2 and T3 were 75.46±0.90, 77.70±0.30 and 79.38±0.89 per cent, respectively and there was a significant difference in the metabolisability of dry matter (per cent) among different treatments. The nitrogen intake was significantly (p£0.05) higher in T3 (3.63 g/day) than T1 (3.16 g/day), but the difference between T3 and T2 was found to be non-significant. The impact of different levels of protein supplementation in the diet of ducks was found to be non-significant with respect to blood glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, albumin and globulin ratio, total cholesterol and creatinine concentration after 8 weeks of age. It can be concluded that with increase in the supplementation of protein in the Khaki Campbell ducks during the starter period significantly better impact the health and productive traits of the birds and thereby the overall economic status of the farm.


Feeding Growth performance Khaki Campbell Protein Starter.


  1. A.O.A.C. (1990). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official methods of analysis. 12th Edn., Washington D.C., USA.
  2. Allain C. C., Poon, L. S., Richmond, W. and Paw, C. Fu. (1974). Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clinica Chemica Acta., 20(4):470-475.
  3. B.A.H.S. dahd.nic.in 17th & 18th Livestock Census, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, M/O Agriculture.
  4. Banerjee, G. C. (2010). A Textbook of Animal Husbandry. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. pp.135
  5. Behera, N. K. (2009). Effect of feeding different levels of protein on performances of Desi ducks under intensive system of rearing. An M.V.Sc. Thesis submitted to Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology.
  6. Bonsnes, R. W. and Taussky, H. H. (1945). Colorimetric determination of creatinine by Jaffe reaction. Journal of Biological Chemistry., 158:581-591.
  7. Doumas, B. T., Watson, W. A. and Biggs, H. G. (1971). Albumin standard and measurement of serum albumin with bromocresol green. Clinica Chemica Acta., 31(1):87-97.
  8. Eusebio, P. S., Coloso, R. M. and Mamauag, E. P. (2004). Apparent digestibility of selected ingredients in diets for juvenile grouper, Epinephelus coiodes (Hamilton). Aqua. Res., 35:1261-1269.
  9. Fawcell, J. K. and Scott, J. E. (1960). A rapid and precise method for determination of urea. Journal of Clinical Pathology., 12(2):156-159.
  10. Gitelman, H. J. (1967). An improved automated procedure for the determination of calcium in biological specimens. Anal Biochem., 18:521–531.
  11. Gomide, E. M., Rodrigues, P. B., Bertechini, A. G., Freitas, R. T. F.de., Fassani, E. J., Reis, M. de. P. and Rodrigues, N. E. B. (2011). Diets with reduced crude protein, calcium and phosphorus levels with phytase and amino acids for broiler chickens. Revista-Brasileira-de-Zootecnia., 40(11): 2405-2414.
  12. Gul, Y., Salim, M. and Rabbani, B. (2007). Evaluation of apparent digestibility coefficients of different dietary protein levels with and without fish meal for Labeo rohita. Pakistan Vet. J., 27(3): 121-125.
  13. Haihua, Z., Guangyu, L., Erjun, R., Xiumei, X., Dong, L., Qiong, W. and Fuhe,Y. (2011). Effects of different dietary protein levels on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters and fur characteristics of Minks in winter growing-    furring Period. Chinese J. Anim,l Nutri., 23 (l): 78-85.
  14. Jull, M. A. (1977). Poultry husbandry. Third Edition. Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi.
  15. Mohanty, S. K. (2012). Effect of feeding different levels of protein during growing and laying period on the performance of Khaki Campbell ducks. An M.V.Sc. Thesis submitted to Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology. Bhubaneswar.
  16. Olayemi, F. O., Oyewale, J. O. and Omolewa O. F. (2002). Plasma chemistry values in the young and adult Nigerian duck (Anas platyrhynchos).Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine., 57(4): 1-5.
  17. Panda B. and Mohapatra S.C. (1989) Poultry Production, Publication Information Division. ICAR, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, New Delhi. Ist Edition. pp 152.
  18. Polat, U., Cetin, M., Turkyilmaz, O. and AK, I. (2003). The effects of different dietary protein levels on the biochemical and production parameters of ostriches (Struthio camelus). Vet. Arhiv., 73: 73-80.
  19. Reddy, M.S., Reddy, V.R. and Reddy, P.M. (1980). Studies on protein and energy requirements in Khaki Campbell ducklings. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 15: 137-144.
  20. Reitman, S and Frankel, S. (1957). Determination of serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase and pyruvic transaminase by colorimetric method. American Journal of Clinical Pathology., 28(1):56-63.
  21. Riyazi, S. R., Vahdatpour, T., Aghsaghali, A. M., Fathi, H., Davoodi, J. and Vahdatpour, T. (2011). The effect of energy increasing and protein lowering on performance and some serum biochemical parameters of broiler chickens. Annals Biol. Res., 2(4): 516-521.
  22. Sahoo, G., Panda, P., Mishra, M. and Sahoo, S. C. (1985). Study of growth in Khaki Campbell ducks. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 20: 220-222.
  23. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical methods, 8th Edition. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Lowa.
  24. Trinder, P. (1964). Estimation of blood glucose. Ann Clin. Biochem., 6:24-28.
  25. Tu, M., Dang, T., Dong, Nguyen, T. K. and Preston, T. R. (2012). Effect on growth, apparent digestibility coefficients and carcass quality of local Muscovy ducks of feeding high or low protein duckweed as replacement for soyabean meal in a rice bran basal diet. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 24(4): 101-103.
  26. Zavery, A. H. T. (1984). Effect of dietary protein and dietary energy on blood protein, urea, lipid, glucose, electrolytes and three enzymes in the blood serum of broiler hybrid and layer hybrid chicks. Inaugural- Dissertation, Tieraz-liche Hochschule Hannover 107. Vet. Bull., 56: 583.

Global Footprints