Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 4 (august 2016) : 497-504

Influence of dietary cation-anionic difference on hematobio chemical profile, mineral metabolism, post-partum reproductive and productive performance of Hariana cows

Bokan Abhay Mohanrao, Vinod Kumar*, Debashis Roy, Muneendra Kumar, Mukesh Srivastava, Vivek Prasad Gupta
1<p>College of Veterinary Sciences &amp; Animal Husbandry, U.P. Pt Deen Dayal Upadhayaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan, Mathura- 281 001(U.P), India</p>
Cite article:- Mohanrao Abhay Bokan, Kumar* Vinod, Roy Debashis, Kumar Muneendra, Srivastava Mukesh, Gupta Prasad Vivek (2015). Influence of dietary cation-anionic difference on hematobio chemical profile, mineral metabolism, post-partum reproductive and productive performance of Hariana cows . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(4): 497-504. doi: 10.18805/ijar.6703.

Eighteen multiparous periparturient Hariana cows (Bos indicus) (3-4 parity) in last month of their pregnancy were blocked into three groups (n=6) and fed for 30 days pre-partum to 30 days post-partum. The objective was to determine the effects of manipulating dietary cations and anions on hemato-biochemical profile, mineral metabolism and performance of cows. Nutrient requirements of cows were met by feeding concentrate and roughage. Varying levels of salt supplementation were used to formulate mineral mixture having DCAD of +11, +21 and +31 meq (Na+K - Cl+S) / 100 g of feed dry matter. Feeding DCAD of +11, +21 and +31 mEq/100 g of DM did not have any effect (P>0.05) on feed intake and body weight change during periparturient period. Blood calcium level was higher for the lowest DCAD (+11 meq/100 g of DM), suggesting that low DACD helps in mobilization of stored calcium in periparturient cows. pH of blood and urine increased curvilinearly with increasing DCAD and found maximum in +31 meq/100 g of DM DCAD fed group. Feeding of three different DCAD diets did not (P>0.05) have any effect on reproductive performance but milk yield was found significantly higher 

  1. AOAC (2000). Official Methods of Analysis, 16th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.

  2. Bell, A.W. (1995). Regulation of organic nutrient metabolism during transition from late pregnancy to early lactation. J. Anim. Sci., 73: 2804-2819.

  3. Block, E. (1994). Manipulation of dietary cation-anion difference on nutritionally related production diseases, productivity, and metabolic responses of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 77: 1437-1450.

  4. Bell, A.W. (1995). Regulation of organic nutrient metabolism during transition from late pregnancy to early lactation. J. Anim. Sci., 73: 2804-2819

  5. Bushinsky, D.A., Wolbach, W., Sessler, N., Mogilevsky, R. and Levi-Setti, R. (1993). Physicochemical effects of acidosis on bone calcium flux and surface ion composition. J. Bone Min. Res., 8: 93–102.

  6. Chaudhry, M.A. (1985). Studies on postpartum buffaloes: changes in reproductive organs and onset of estrus after parturition. MSc (Hons) Thesis, College of Veterinary Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

  7. Delaquis, A.M. and Block, E. (1995). Dietary cation-anion difference, acid-base status, mineral metabolism, renal function, and milk production of lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci., 78: 2259–2284.

  8. Fredeen, A.H., DePeters, E.J. and Baldwin, R.L. (1988). Effects of acid-base disturbances caused by differences in dietary fixed ion balance on kinetics of calcium metabolism in ruminants with high calcium demand. J. Anim. Sci., 66: 174–184.

  9. Hersom, M.J., Hansen, G.R. and Arthigton, J.D. (2010). Effect of dietary cation-anion difference on measures of acid-base physiology and performance in beef cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 88(1): 374-82.

  10. Hu, W. and Murphy, M.R. (2004). Dietary cation-anion difference effects on performance and acid-base status of lactating dairy cows: A meta-analysis. J. Dairy Sci., 87: 2222-2229.

  11. Hu, W., Murphy, M.R., Constable, P.D. and Block E. (2007). Dietary cation-anion difference effects on performance and acid-base status of dairy cows postpartum. J. Dairy Sci., 90: 3367–3375.

  12. Hultmann, E. (1959). Rapid specific method for determination of aldohexoses (aldosaccharides) in body fluids. Nature 103: 108-109.

  13. Jackson, J.A., Hopkins, D.M., Xin, Z. and Hemken, R.W. (1992). Influence of cation anion balance on feed intake, body weight gain, humoral response of dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci., 75: 1281-1286.

  14. Jaffe, M. (1886). Über den Niederschlag, welchen Pikrinsäre in normalem Harn erzeugt und über eine neue Reaction des Kreatinins. Zeitschrift für physiologische chemie 10(5): 391–400.

  15. Jain, C.N. (1986). Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology. 4th edn., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

  16. Lanyasunya, T.P., Musa, H.H., Yang, Z.P., Mekki, D.M. and Mukisira, E.A. (2005). Effects of poor nutrition on reproduction of dairy stock on smallholder farms in the tropics. Pak. J. Nutr., 4(2): 117-122.

  17. Lomba, F., Chauvaux, G., Teller, E., Lengele, L. and Bienfet, V. (1978). Calcium digestibility in sows as influenced by the excess of alkalina ions over stable acid ions in their diets. Br. J. Nutr., 39: 425-429.

  18. Lush, J. (1945). Animal Breeding Plans, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.

  19. Mirzadeh, K., Tabatabaei, S., Bojarpour, M. and Mamoei, M. (2010). Comparative study of hematological parameters according strain, age, sex, physiological status and season in Iranian cattle. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9(16): 2123-2127.

  20. National Research Council. (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th rev. edn. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

  21. Oetzel, G.R., Olson, J.D., Curtis, C.R. and Fettman, MJ. (1988). Ammonium chloride and ammonium sulfate for prevention of parturient paresis in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 71: 3302–3309.

  22. Parrah, J., Moulvi, B.A., Hussain, S.S., Athar, H., Malik, H.U., Mir, M.S. and Darzi, M.M. (2010). Peritoneal fluid cytology in clinical cases of bovine obstructive urolithiasis. Iranian J. Vet. Sci. Tech., 2(1): 17-24.

  23. Prasad, S., Kaushish, S.K. and Mittal, J.P. (1995). Grazing behaviour of Rathi cows under hot arid conditions. Indian J. Anim. Prod. Mngmt. 11(1): 49-53.

  24. Ramberg, C.F., Mayer, G.P., Kronfeld, D.S., Phang, J.M. and Berman, M. (1984). Calcium homeostasis in cows, with special reference to parturient hypocalcaemia. Am. J. Physiol. 246:698–704.

  25. Ranjhan, S.K. (1998). Nutrient Requirement of Livestock and Poultry. Directorate of Information and Publication of Agriculture, Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

  26. Roche, J.R., Dalley, D.E., Moate, P., Grainge, C., Rath, M. and O’Mara, F. (2003). Dietary cation-anion difference and the health and production of pasture-fed dairy cows. 1. Dairy cows in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 970–978.

  27. Roche, J.R., Morton, J. and Kolver, E.S. (2002). Sulfur and chlorine play a non-acid base role in periparturient calcium homeostasis. J. Dairy Sci., 85: 3444–3453.

  28. Schonewille, J.T., Van’t Klooster, A.T., Dirkswager, A. and Bayen, A. (1994). Stimulatory effect of an anion (chloride)-rich ration on apparent calcium absorption in dairy cows. Livest. Prod. Sci., 40: 233–240.

  29. Shahzad, M.A., Sharif, M., Nisa, M., Sarwar, M., Khalid, M.F. and Saddiqi, H.A. (2011). Changing certain dietary cationic and anionic minerals: Impact on blood chemistry, milk fever and udder edema in buffaloes during winter. Afr. J. Biotech., 10(62): 13651-13663.

  30. Sharif, M., Mahr-un-Nisa, Sarwar, M. and Shahzad, M.A. (2008). Influence of varying levels of dietary cation anion difference on ruminal characteristics, acid base status and milk yield of early lactating animals (a review). Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 45(2): 288-296.

  31. Sivaraman, T., Shanmugaseundaram, S., Arunachalam, S., Sivakumar, T. (2002). Blood profile of Jersey crossbred cows under different physiological stages. Indian J. Anim. Res., 36(2): 114-117.

  32. Stewart, P.A. (1981). How to understand acid-base-A quantitative acid-base primer for biology and medicine. Edward Arnold, London.

  33. Stewart, P.A. (1983). Modern quantitative acid-base chemistry. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 61: 1444–1461.

  34. Takagi, H. and Block, E. (1988). Effect of manipulating dietary cation-anion balance on calcium kinetics in normocalcemic and EGTA infused sheep. J. Dairy Sci., 71(Suppl 1): 153 (abstr.).

  35. Tucker, W.B., Harrison, G.A. and Hemken, R.W. (1988a). Influence of dietary cation-anion balance on milk, blood, urine, and rumen fluid in lactating dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 71: 346–354.

  36. Tucker, W.B., Hogue, J.F., Waterman, D.E., Swenson, T.S., Xin, Z., Hemken, R.W., Jackson, J.A., Adams, G.D. and Spicer, L.J. (1991). Role of sulfur and chloride in the dietary cation-anion balance equation for lactating dairy-cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 69: 1205–1213.

  37. Tucker, W.B., Hogue, J.F., Waterman, D.F., Swenson, T.S., Xin, Z., Hemken, R.W., Jackson, J.A., Adams, G.D. and Spicer, L.J. (1992). Sulfur should be included when calculating the dietary cation-anion balance of diets for lactating dairy cows. In Animal Science Research Report, Pp. 141– 150.

  38. Tucker, W.B., Xin, Z. and Hemken, R.W. (1988b). Influence of dietary calcium chloride on adaptive changes in acid-base status and mineral metabolism in lactating dairy cows fed a diet high in sodium bicarbonate. J. Dairy Sci., 71: 1587–1597.

  39. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991). Method for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3583-3597.

  40. Vander, A.J. (1991). Renal Physiology. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Inc., NY.

  41. West, J.W., Mullinix, B.G. and Sandifer, T.G. (1991). Changing dietary electrolyte balance for dairy cows in cool and hot environments. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 1662–1674.

  42. Wildman, C.D., West, J.W., Bernard, J.K. (2007). Effect of dietary cation-anion difference and dietary crude protein on performance of lactating dairy cows during hot weather. J. Dairy Sci., 90: 1842–1850.


Editorial Board

View all (0)