Loading...

LEAN MEAT PRODUCTION IN GUINEA FOWL BY SUPPLEMENTING NEEM (AZADIRACHTA INDICA) LEAF POWDER

DOI: 10.5958/0976–0555.2014.00459.2    | Article Id: B-2804 | Page : 375-378
Citation :- LEAN MEAT PRODUCTION IN GUINEA FOWL BY SUPPLEMENTING NEEM (AZADIRACHTA INDICA) LEAF POWDER.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2014.(48):375-378
M.K. Singh*, S.K. Singh, Praneeta Singh, R.K. Sharma, Brijesh Singh, J. Palod, Shive Kumar and R.S. Barwal drmksingh_1@rediffmail.com
Address : Department of Livestock Production Management, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Teeh, Pantnagar,- 263 145, India

Abstract

Supplementation of Neem leaf powder @ 1, 2 and 3 g/kg of feed significantly reduced cholesterol and triglyceride contents of muscles and serum and abdominal fat. The effect of higher inclusion levels of Neem leaf powder on cholesterol reduction was more pronounced as compared to lower level. The reduction was in the range of 6.1-21.32, 2.77-10.37, 2.13-9.34, and 3.94-13.79 % respectively for cholesterol per cent of breast, drumstick, thigh and abdominal muscle indicating that it is possible to produce lean meat to a certain extent by manipulating diets.

Keywords

Cholesterol Guinea fowl Lean meat Neem.

References

  1. Bloch, K. (1991). Biochemistry of lipids, lipoproteins and membranes. 3rd edn. Amsterdam, Netherland.
  2. Chattopadhyay, R. R.; Sarkar, S. K.; Ganguly, S.; Banargee, R. N.; Basu, T. K. and Mukherjee. (1992). Hepatoprotective activity of Azadirachta indica leaves on paracetamol induced hepatic damage in rats. Indian J. Expt. Biol., 30:738-40.
  3. Chizzolini, R, Zanardi, E, Dorigoni, V and Ghidini, S. (1999). Caloric value and cholesterol content of normal and low-    fat meat products. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 10(4): 119-128.
  4. Haq, A.; Meraj, K. A. and Rasoolt, S. (1999). Effect of supplementing Allium sativum (Garlic) and Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves in broiler feeds on their blood cholesterol, triglycerides and antibody titre. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 3 (1):125-27.
  5. Kaushal, S. (2012). Effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf powder supplementation on production performance, haemato-biochemical and immunological parameters in Japanese quails. Thesis, M.V.Sc. G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology.
  6. Ogbuewu, I. P.; Okoli, I. C. and Iloeje, M. U. (2010). Evaluation of toxicological effects of leaf meal of an ethnomedicinal plant-Neem on blood chemistry of puberal chinchilla rabbit does. Report and Opinion, 2 (2):29-34.
  7. Rajkumar, V., Agnihotri, M. K. and Sharma, N. (2004). Quality and shelf life of vacuum and aerobic packed chevon patties under refrigeration. Asian Australasian J. of Animal Sci., 17 (4): 548-553.
  8. Shim, K. S.; Park, G. H.; Choi, C. J.; and Na, C. S. (2004). Decreased triglyceride and cholesterol levels in serum, liver and breast muscles in broiler by the supplementation of dietary Codonopsis lanceolata root. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17: 511-513.
  9. Snedecor, G. W. and Cochran, W. B. (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th Ed. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, IOWA, USA.
  10. Zlatkis, A., Zak, B., Boyle, H.J. And Mich, D. (1953). A new method for direct determination of serum cholesterol. J. Lab. Cli. Med. 41: 486-936.

Global Footprints