Effect of different selenium sources (Selenium yeast and Sodium selenite) on haematology, blood chemistry and thyroid hormones in male goats (Capra hircus)

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.7040    | Article Id: B-2764 | Page : 788-792
Citation :- Effect of different selenium sources (Selenium yeast and Sodium selenite)on haematology, blood chemistry and thyroid hormones in male goats (Capra hircus) .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2015.(49):788-792

Kamdev Sethy*1, R.S. Dass, A.K. Garg, S. Sahu and S. Gogoi

babuivri@gmail.com
Address :

Mineral and Vitamin Nutrition Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition,
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India.

Abstract

Present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of selenium yeast and sodium selenite supplementation on haematology, blood biochemical parameters and hormones in goats. 18 male kids (2-3 months of age and 6.63 ± 0.30 kg average BW) were stratified by their body weight and randomly assigned to three different treatments, fed a basal diet consisting of concentrate mixture and oat straw. In addition kids in group II and III were supplemented with 0.3 mg selenium kg-1DM as selenium yeast and sodium selenite respectively. This experimental feeding lasted for 180 days, during which blood samples were collected on day 0, 60,120 and 180 days. Hemoglobin content and packed cell volume were statistically similar (P>0.05) among the three groups. Non significant differences were also observed for the serum glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, A: G ratio, urea, creatinine and total cholesterol (P>0.05) among all the groups. But, concentration of triiiodothyronine (T3) was significantly (P<0.05) increased while concentration of thyroxin (T4) and T4:T3 ratio were significantly (P<0.05) decreased in all the supplemented groups. It may be concluded that supplementation of sodium selenite and selenium yeast increased serum level of T3 which is indicative of the better thyroid hormone homeostasis and thus the better metabolic balance to the body without affecting other blood biochemical parameters of goats.

Keywords

Blood chemistry Goats Sodium selenite Selenium yeast Thyroid hormone.

References

  1. Arthur, J.R.; Morrice, P.C. and Beckett, G.J. (1988) Thyroid hormone concentrations in selenium deficient and selenium sufficient cattle. Res. Vet. Sci. 4 : 122–123.
  2. Blum, J.W.; Gingins, M.; Vitins, P. and Bickel, H. (1980). Thyroid hormone levels related to energy and nitrogen balance during weight loss and regain in adult sheep. Acta Endocrinol. 93: 440–447.
  3. Chadio, S.E.; Kotsampasi, B.M.; Menegatos, J.G.; Zervas, G.P. and Kalogiannis, D.G. (2006). Effect of selenium supplementation on thyroid hormone levels and selenoenzyme activities in growing lambs. Biol. Trace. Elem. Res. 109: 145–154.
  4. Dominguez-Vara, I.A.; Gonzalez-Munoz, S.S.; Pinos-Rodriguez, J.M.; Borquez-Gastelum, J.L.; Barcena-Gama, R.; 
  5. Mendoza- Martinez, G.; Zapata, L.E. and Landois- Palencia, L.L. (2009). Effects of feeding selenium-yeast and chromium-yeast to finishing lambs on growth, carcass characteristics, and blood hormones and metabolites. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 152: 42–49.
  6. Ebrahimi, M.; Towhidi, A. and Nikkhah, A. (2009). Effect of organic selenium on thermometbolism, blood chemical composition and weight gain in Holstein suckling calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 7: 984-992.
  7. Guyot, H.; Spring, P.; Andrieu, S. and Rollin, F. (2007) Comparative responses to sodium selenite and organic selenium supplements in Belgium Blue cows and calves. Livest. Sci. 111: 259–263.
  8. Kumar, N.; Garg, A.K.; Dass, R.S.; Chaturvedi, V.K.; Mudgal, V. and Varshney, V.P. (2009). Selenium supplementation influences growth performance, antioxidant status and immune response in lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 153: 77–87.
  9. Mudgal,V.; Garg, A.K.; Dass, R.S. and Varshney, V.P. (2012). Effect of selenium, zinc and copper supplementation on blood metabolic profile in male buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. Bio. Trace Elem. Res. 145: 304-311.
  10. NRC (2007). Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids and New World Camelids. National Academy Press,Washington, DC.
  11. Ortman, K. and Pehrson. B. (1997). Selenite and selenium yeast as feed supplements for dairy cows. J. Vet. Med. 4:373- 380.
  12. Nayyar, S.; Gill, V.K.; Malik, V.S.; Roy, K.S. and Singh, R. (2003). Vitamin E and selenium improve the blood biochemical composition of anoestrous buffalo heifers. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 73 (6): 654-656.
  13. Patterson, E.L.; Milstrey, R. and Stokstad, E.L.R. (1957). Effect of Se in preventing exudative diathesis in chicks. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 95: 617-620.
  14. Qureshi, Z.I.; Lodhi, L.A.; Samad, H.A.; Naz, N.A. and Nawaz, M. (2001). Haematological profile following immunomodulation during late gestation in buffaloes. Pakistan Vet. J. 21: 148-151.
  15. Shinde, P.L.; Dass, R.S. and Garg, A.K. (2009). Effect of vitamin E and selenium supplementation on haematology, blood chemistry and thyroid hormones in male buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18: 241–256.
  16. Singh, R.; Randhawa, S.S. and Dhillon, K.S. (2002). Changes in blood biochemical and enzyme profile in experimental chronic selenosis in buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis). Indian J. Anim. Sci. 72: 230-232.
  17. SPSS (1996). Statistical Packages for Social Sciences, Ver. 7.5, SPSS Inc. Illinois (USA).
  18. Surai, P.F. (2002). Selenium in poultry nutrition: a new look at an old element. Reproduction, egg and meat quality and practical applications. World Poul sci. J. 58: 431-450.
     

Global Footprints