Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.44

  • SJR .282 (2022)

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

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J.K. Chaudhary*, B. Singh
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1Division of Livestock Economics, Statistics and Information Technology Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, India
Cite article:- Chaudhary* J.K., Singh B. (2023). MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY RATES IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH, India. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 48(6): 609-614. doi: 10.5958/0976-0555.2014.00041.7.
The present paper deals with  the  morbidity and mortality rates and  examine the effects of age, sex, environmental conditions, management practices and other factors on morbidity and  mortality in  small ruminants in rural conditions of Himachal Pradesh using suitable statistical techniques. A total 540 livestock owners constitute the ultimate sample from thirty six villages and twelve veterinary hospitals for the study. The sampling scheme followed in the present study was Stratified three-stage random sampling. Morbidity and mortality data were collected from all selected bovine owners in the state for period of one year (January 2011 to December 2011). Overall morbidity and mortality rates were 19.99 per cent and 6.37 per cent respectively. The morbidity rate was highest for specific diseases 14.4 per cent followed by injury & accidents 2.84 per cent, digestive diseases 1.56 per cent and parasitic diseases 0.89 per cent. The mortality rate was highest for specific diseases 3.73 per cent followed by injury and accidents 1.09 per cent, digestive diseases 0.91 per cent and parasitic diseases 0.45 per cent. The above diseases can be minimized by adopting necessary action regarding deworming, vaccination, proper ventilation, balance feeding and good management practices.
  1. BAHS (2012). 18th Live Stock Census, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture available on (Retrieval date-11/01/2013).
  2. Department of Animal Husbandry, Himachal Pradesh (2011). (Retrieval date-10/05/2012).

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