Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 48 issue 5 (october 2014) : 480-485


Rohit Gupta*, D. Kaur, S. Chopra1, S.S. Nagra, D.R. Rai1, R.T. Patil1
1Department of Livestock Production Management COVS, GADVASU, Ludhiana-141 004, India
Cite article:- Gupta* Rohit, Kaur D., Chopra1 S., Nagra S.S., Rai1 D.R., Patil1 R.T. (2024). PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF THE BROILER CHICKS UNDER DIFFERENT COOLING DEVICES DURING HOT-DRY SUMMER. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 48(5): 480-485. doi: 10.5958/0976-0555.2014.00015.6.
The efficacy of two cooling systems with a low-cost Fan-Fogger (FF) and the conventional Fan-Pad (FP) system was tested to reduce the effect of heat stress in broiler chicks. Four hundred eighty, day-old sexed commercial broiler chicks were randomly divided into twelve groups each having forty birds with similar body weight range and equal sex ratio. All the chicks were reared under similar brooding conditions for two weeks. The FF and FP systems were used for four groups of chicks each from third to six week of age. All chicks were reared under deep litter system of housing with similar managemental conditions except the cooling systems. The average body weight of chicks at the start of experiment was 280g. The temperature in control, FF & FP during the experimental period of 4 weeks was 32.18 ± 0.11, 30.22 ± 0.85 and 29.40 ± 0.09 ºC with relative humidity of 39.21 ± 0.09, 44.65 ± 0.14 and 48.91± 0.10%, respectively. The body temperatures of birds in FF and FP were recorded to be 107.2 ± 0.18 and 106.9 ± 0.04ºF respectively, as compared to108.2 ± 0.13ºF, in birds of control. The weight gain was 1101± 1.00, 1241± 1.50 and 1320 ± 1.49 g; the FCR was 2.23 ± 0.01, 2.08 ± 0.01 and 2.03 ± 0.02 while the PER was 2.37 ± 0.01, 2.55 ± 0.02and 2.61 ± 0.01 in control, FF & FP, respectively. The survivability rate was 95.04 ± 0.56% in control, 96.78 ± 0.62% in FF and 98.23± 0.42% in FP, respectively. It was concluded that both the cooling systems had significant (p
  1. Aebi, H. E. (1983). Catalase In: Bergmeyer H O (ed) Methods of Enzymatic Analysis. Academic Press, New York. 3: 273-386.
  2. Altan, O., Altan, A., Oguz, I., Pabuccuoglu, A. and Konyalioglu, S. (2000). Effect of heat stress on growth, some blood variables and lipid oxidation in broilers exposed to high temperature at an early age. British Poultry Science 41(4): 489-93.
  3. Ames, B. N., Shigenaga, M. K. and Hagen, T. M. (1993). Oxidants, antioxidants and the degenerative disease of aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 90: 7915–22.
  4. Andrew, L. D., Stamps, L. K., Moore, R. W. and Cornett, R. K. (1993). The use of foggers to help control the incidence of ascites. World’s Poultry Science Journal 72: 43-47.
  5. Azad, M. A. K., Kikusato, M., Maekawa, T., Shirakawa, H. and Toyomizu, M. (2010). Metabolic characteristics and oxidative damage to skeletal muscle in broiler chickens exposed to chronic heat stress. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 155(3): 401-06.
  6. Bayraktar, H., Artukoglu, M. and Altan, A. (2004). Evaluation of the pad cooling system effectiveness used in hot weather conditions in broiler houses: Izmir case study. Hayvansal Üretim. Journal of Animal Production 45: 1-9.
  7. Cooper, M. A. and Washburn, K. W. (1998). The relationship of body temperature to weight gain, feed consumption and feed utilization in broilers under heat stress. Poultry Science 77: 237-42.
  8. Dagtekin, M., Karaca, C. and Yildiz, Y. (2009). Long axis heat distribution in a tunnel-ventilated broiler house equipped with an evaporative pad cooling system. Animal Production Science 49(12): 1125-31.
  9. Deutsch, J. (1978). Maleimide as an inhibitor in measurement of erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. Clinical Chemistry 24:885-89.
  10. Donkoh, A. (1989). Ambient temperature, a factor affecting performance and physiological response of broiler chickens. International Journal Biometeoroly 33: 259–65.
  11. Dozier, W. A., Lott, B. D., and Branton, S. L. (2005). Growth responses of male broilers subjected to increasing air velocities at high ambient temperatures and a high dew point. Poultry Science 84: 962–66.
  12. Duncan, D. B. (1995). Multiple range and multiple “F” tests. Biometrics 11: 1-42
  13. Geraert, P. A., Padilha, J. C. F. and Guillaumin, S. (1996). Metabolic and endocrine changes induced by chronic heat exposure in broiler chickens: growth performance, body composition and energy retention. British Journal of Nutrition 75: 195-204.
  14. Hafeman, D. G., Sunde, R. A. and Hoekstra, W. G. (1974). Effect of dietary selenium on erythrocyte and liver glutathione peroxidase in the rat. Journal of Nutrition 104: 580-87.
  15. Halliwell, B. and Aruoma, O. I. (1991). DNA damage by oxygenderived species. Its mechanism and measurement in mammalian systems. Federation of European Biochemical Societies Letters. 281:9–19.Lin, Y., Ggaoyi, T., YuQiang, F., JinHai, F. and MinHong, Z. (2010). Effects of acute heat stress and subsequent stress removal on function of hepatic mitochondrial respiration, ROS production and lipid peroxidation in broiler chickens. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C, Toxicology & Pharmacology 151(2): 204-08.
  16. Lord-Fontaine, S. and Averill-Bates, D. A. (2002). Heat shock inactivates cellular antioxidant defenses against hydrogen peroxide: Protection by glucose. Free Radical Biology & Medicine 32:752–65.
  17. Marklund, S. and Marklund, G. (1974). Involvement of the superoxide anion radical in the autoxidation of pyrogallol and a convenient assay for superoxide dismutase. European Journal of Biochemistry 47: 469-74.
  18. Mujahid, A., Pumford, N. R., Bottje, W., Nakagawa, K., Miyazawa, T., Akiba, Y. and Toyomizu, M. (2007). Mitochondrial oxidative damage in chicken skeletal muscle induced by acute heat stress. Poultry Science. 44: 439–45.
  19. Rama Rao, S., Nagalakshi, V. and Reddy, V. R. (2002). Feeding to minimize heat stress. Poultry International 41: 3033-38.
  20. Sandhu, S. K. and Kaur, G. (2002). Alterations in oxidative stress scavenger system in aging rat brain and lymphocytes. Biogerontology 3: 161–73.
  21. Sharma, M. L. and Gangwar, P. C. (1985). Efficiency of cooling methods for broiler production in hot weather. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 20: 245-48.
  22. Snedecor, G. W. and Cochran, W. G. (1989). Statistical Methods, 8th edn. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  23. Stocks, J. and Dormandy, T. L. (1971). Autoxidation of human red cell lipids induced by hydrogen peroxide. British Journal of Haematology 20: 95-111.
  24. Tan, G. Y., Yang, L., Fu, Y. Q., Feng, J. H. and Zhang, M. H. (2010). Effects of different acute high ambient temperatures on function of hepatic mitochondrial respiration, antioxidative enzymes, and oxidative injury in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 89: 115–22.
  25. Weaver, W. D. (2002). Fundamentals of ventilation. In: Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell .5: 97-99.
  26. West, J. W. (1994). Interactions of energy and bovine somatotropin with heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science. 77: 2091–02.
  27. Yalcin, S., Testik, A., Ozkan, S., Celen, F., and Cahaner, A. (1997). Performance of naked neck and normal broilers in hot, warm and temperature climates. Poultry Science 76: 930-37.

Editorial Board

View all (0)