Biometry of the heart of the fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00066.7    | Article Id: B-2699 | Page : 556-558
Citation :- Biometry of the heart of the fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus).Indian Journal of Animal Research.2015.(49):556-558
Jasvinder Singh Sasan, PiyushPrakash, A.D. Singh, Masuood Ahmad John and M.R. Malik jssasan216@gmail.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Apollo College of Veterinary Medicine, Jaipur – 302 031, India.


The biometrical observations on the heart of fowl (vencobb-400 strain) revealed that the average weight was 8.91 ± 0.25 g, the mean percentage ratio between the length of rostral and caudal borders was 54:46 and the circumference at the coronary groove was 6.92 ± 0.08 cm. The right and left longitudinal grooves anastomosed with each other 1.05 ± 0.09 cm above the apex of the heart on the right side. The distance between the termination of caudal venacava and the apex of the heart was less (3.38 ± 0.13 cm) than the distance between the latter and origin of pulmonary artery (3.83 ± 0.13 cm). The cardiac skeleton was characterized by the presence of hyaline cartilage. The rostrocaudal diameter of the base of heart was greater (3.12 ± 0.08 cm) than the transverse diameter (2.15 ± 0.09 cm). The cross-sectional area of common aorta (46.00 ± 3.03 mm2) was greater than the area of pulmonary artery (32.4 ± 2.16 mm2). The total area of two anterior aortae (8.47 mm2) was lesser than the area of caudal aorta (10.8 mm2). The moderator bands could not be seen in both the ventricles.


Biometry Fowl Heart Hyaline cartilage Moderator band.


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