Effect of nano-material combination on various performance traits of Japanese quails

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00022.9    | Article Id: B-2573 | Page : 109-113
Citation :- Effect of nano-material combination on various performance traits of Japanese quails.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2015.(49):109-113
A.A. Khan*, D. Chaudhuri, S.K. Mishra1 and Raj Narayan azmatalamkhan@gmail.com
Address : Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar, Barielly-243 122, India.


Effect of combination of two nano-materials: Nano Germanium (NG) and Nano Selenium (NS) on Japanese quails was investigated. Five solutions(treatments) were prepared in such a way that: T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6 contained 10 & 5; 15 & 7.5; 20 & 10; 40 & 20 and 75 & 37.5 ppb of NG and NS (combined in each treatments) respectively while the solution: T1 (control) contained only distilled water. Respective solutions (@ 0.5ml/bird) were administered orally to birds daily for eight-weeks continuously. Highest egg production (hen-housed and hen-day) and best FCR (Kg feed per dozen eggs and Kg feed per Kg egg mass) was obtained in the T5, however, no significant difference in egg quality, carcass-traits and immune-competence could be observed between the control and treatments. It was inferred that oral administration of two combined nano-materials used in present study improved overall egg production in quails and the dose combination used in T5 was the best. Administration of the nano-combinations had no adverse effects on egg-quality, carcass-yield, slaughter traits and immune-competence.


Japanese quails Nano material combinations Performance.


  1. Biswas, A.; Mohan,, J.; Sastry, K.V. H., and Tyagi, J. S. (2008) Effect of higher levels of dietary Vitamin E on performance and immune response in growing Japanese quail. J. App. Anim. Res. 33: 61-64
  2. Bollo, E. (2007) Nanotechnologies applied to veterinary diagnostics. Vet. Res. Commu. 31: 145–147.
  3. Cheng, S and Lamont, S. J. (1988) Genetic-analysis of immune-competence measures in a white leghorn chicken line, Poult. Sci. 67: 989–995
  4. FOE, (2008). Friends of the Earth. Out of the laboratory and onto our plates: Nanotechnology in Food and Agriculture. http://www.foe.org/pdf/nano_food.pdf,
  5. Huang, B., Zhang, J., Hou, J. and Chen, C. (2003) Free radical scavenging efficiency of Nano-Se in vitro Free. Radical Biology Medicine 35:805-13
  6. Jafar (2008) Patent application filed to USPTO IPC8 Class: AA61K914FI USPC Class: 424489
  7. Joseph, T. and Morrison, M. (2006) Nanotechnology in agriculture and food. Institute of Nanotechnology, European Nanotechnology Gateway. http://www.nanoforum.org.
  8. Kuzma, J. and Verhage, P. (2006) Nanotechnology in Agriculture and Food Production. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, pp. 1–42.
  9. Narducci, D. (2007) An introduction to nanotechnologies: what’s in it for us? Vet Res Commu. 31: 131–137.
  10. Maynard, A.D. 2007. Nanotechnology: the next big thing, or much ado about nothing? Annals Occupational Hygeine 51: 1–12.
  11. NNI, (2007). National Nanotechnology Initiative: What is nanotechnology? http://www.nano.gov/ html/facts/what Is Nano.html
  12. Oberdorster, G., Oberdorster, E. and Oberdorster, J. (2005) Nanotoxicology: an emerging discipline evolving from studies of ultrafine particles. Environ Health Perspectives 113: 823–839.
  13. PEN (2008) Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies: A nanotechnology consumer products inventory. http://    www.nanotechproject.org/44/ consumer-nanotechnology.
  14. Siegal, P. B and Gross, W. B. (1980) Production and non-persistence of antibodies in chicken to sheep erythrocytes. 1. Directional selection. Poult Sci. 59: 1-5.
  15. Scott, N. and Chen, H. (2003) Nanoscale science and engineering for agriculture and food systems. A National Planning Workshop. November 18–19, 2002. http://www. nseafs. cornell.edu/ web. roadmap.pdf,
  16. Scott, N. R. (2005) Nanotechnology and animal health. Review Science Technology Office International Epizoonotics 24: 425–432.
  17. Wang, Y. (2009) Differential effects of sodium selenite and nano-Se on growth performance, tssue Se distribution, and glutathione per-oxidase activity of avian broiler. Biol Trace Element Res. 128: 184–190

Global Footprints