Effect of biological corn stover replacing partial corn meal on production performance, nutrient metabolic rates and carcass characteristics of broilers

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00122.3    | Article Id: B-254 | Page : 474-481
Citation :- Effect of biological corn stover replacing partial corn meal on production performance, nutrient metabolic rates and carcass characteristics of broilers.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2015.(49):474-481
J. Chang, Q.G. Zhang, H.J. Yang, Q.Q. Yin, P. Wang and Q.W. Wang yang_hongjian@cau.edu.cn
Address : College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, P.R. China.


In order to increase nutritive values of corn stover, steam explosion and microbial fermentation were used together to make biological corn stover (BCS) for replacing partial corn meal in broiler diet. The experiments were assigned to 5 groups. Group 1 was the control, group 2-4 was added with 4%, 8% and 12% BCS for replacing the same amount of corn meal, group 5 was the same as group 3 except for its ME level adjusted. The results indicated that inclusion of BCS in young broiler diets decreased average daily gain (ADG) and increased feed conversion rate (FCR) significantly (P0.05). It could be concluded that 4-8% BCS in diets as an alternative grain source was optimal for elder broiler production.


Biological corn stover Broilers Carcass characteristics Nutrient metabolic rates Production performance.


  1. Abiola, S.S., Amalime, A.C., Akadiri, K.C., (2002). The utilization of alkali-treated melon husk by broilers. Bioresour Technol. 84, 247–250.
  2. Amerah, A.M., Ravindran, V., (2008). Influence of method of whole-wheat feeding on the performance, digestive tract development and carcass traits of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 147, 326-339.
  3. AOAC, (1990). Official Methods of Analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
  4. Barbour, G.W., Farran, M.T., Usayran, N.N., Darwish, A.H., Uwayjan, M.G., Ashkarian, V.M., (2006). Effect of soybean oil supplementation to low metabolizable energy diets on production parameters of broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15, 190-197.
  5. Chang, J., (2011). Study on high-efficient biological corn stalk feed and its application in broiler. Ph.D. thesis, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.
  6. Chang, J., Cheng, W., Yin, Q.Q., Zuo, R.Y., Song, A.D., Zheng, Q.H., Wang, P., Wang, X., Liu, J.X., (2012)a. Effect of steam explosion and microbial fermentation on cellulose and lignin degradation of corn stover. Bioresour Technol. 104, 587-592.
  7. Chang, J., Yin, Q.Q., Wang, P.P., Wang, W.M., Zuo, R.Y., Zheng, Q.H., Liu, J.X., (2012)b. Effect of the fermented protein stuffs on pig production performance, nutrient digestibility and gut microbes. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 36(2): 143- 151.
  8. Dinis, M.J., Bezerra, R.M.F., Nunes, F., Dias, A.A., Guedes, C.V., Ferreira, L.M.M., Cone, J.W., Marques, G.S.M., Barros, A.R.N., Rodrigues, M.A.M., (2009). Modification of wheat straw lignin by solid fermentation with white-rot fungi. Bioresour. Technol. 100, 4829-4835.
  9. Fortes, C.M.L.S., Carciofi, A.C., Sakomura, N.K., Kawauchi, I.M., Vasconcellos, R.S., (2010). Digestibility and metabolizable energy of some carbohydrate sources for dogs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 156, 121-125.
  10. Freire, J.P.B., Guerreiro, A.J.G., Cunha, L.F., Aumaitre, A., (2000). Effect of dietary fibre source on total tract digestibility, caecum volatile fatty acids and digestive transit time in the weaned piglet. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 87, 71-83.
  11. Gao, P.J., Qu, Y.B., Zhao, X, Zhu, M.T, Duan, Y.C., (1997). Screening microbial strain for improving the nutritional value of wheat and corn straws as animal feed. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 20, 581-584.
  12. Graminha, E.B.N., Goncalves, A.Z.L., Pirota, R.D.P.B., Balsalobre, M.A.A.R., Silva, D., Gomes, E., (2008). Enzyme production by solid-state fermentation: Application to animal nutrition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 144, 1-22.
  13. Hachmeister, K.A., Fung, D.Y., (1993). Tempeh: a mold-modified indigenous fermented food made from soybeans and/or cereal grains. Crit. Rev. Microbiol. 19, 137–188.
  14. Jørgensen, H., Zhao, X.Q., Knudsen, K.E., Eggum, B.O., (1996). The influence of dietary fibre source and level on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility and energy metabolism in broiler chickens. Br. J. Nutr. 75, 379-395.
  15. Jurgens, M. H. (1997). Animal Feeding and Nutrition. 8th Ed. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.
  16. Liang, Y.S., Yuan, X.Z., Zeng, G.M., Chen, L.H., Zhong, H., Huang, D.L., Tang, L., Zhao, J.J., (2010). Biodelignification of rice straw by phanerochaete chrysosporium in the presence of dirhamnolipid. Biodegradation. 21, 615-624.
  17. Liu, J.X., Orskov, E.R., Chen, X.B., (1999). Optimization of steam treatment as a method for upgrading rice straw as feeds. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 76, 345-357.
  18. Mateos, G.G., Jiménez-Moreno, E., Serrano, M.P., Lázaro, R.P., (2012). Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 21, 156-174.
  19. National Research Council, (1994). Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  20. Pekel, A.Y., Demirel, G., Midilli, M., Yalcintan, H., Ekiz, B., Alp, M., (2012). Comparison of broiler meat quality when fed diets supplemented with neutralized sunflower soapstock or soybean oil. Poult Sci. 91, 2361-2369.
  21. Robertson, J.B., Van Soest, P.J., (1981). The detergent system of analysis and its application in human foods. In: James, W.P.T., Theander, O. (Eds.), The analysis of dietary ûber in food. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, NY, USA, pp. 123–158.
  22. Sánchez, O.J., Cardona, C.A., (2008). Trends in biotechnological production of fuel ethanol from different feedstocks. Bioresour. Technol. 99, 5270-5295.
  23. Schilling, M.W., Radhakrishnan, V., Thaxton, Y.V., Christensen, K., Thaxton, J.P., Jackson, V., (2008). The effects of broiler catching method on breast meat quality. Meat. Sci. 79, 163-171.
  24. Song, Z.T., Dong, X.F., Tong, J.M., Wang, Z.H., (2012). Effects of waste vinegar residue on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in laying hens. Livest. Sci. 150, 67-73.
  25. Sun, Y., Cheng, J.Y., (2002). Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review. Bioresour. Technol. 83, 1-11.
  26. Teguia, A., Njwe, R.M., Nguekouo Foyette, C., (1997). Effects of replacement of maize with dried leaves of sweet potato (Hypomoea batatas) and perennial peanuts (Arachis glabrata benth) on the growth performance of finishing broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 66, 283-287.
  27. Van Soest, P.J., Rovertson, J.B., Lewis, B.A., (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 3583-3597.
  28. Viola, A.E., Zimbardi, A.F., Cardinale, A.M., Cardinale, A.G., Braccio, A.G., Gambacorta, E., (2008). Processing cereal straws by steam explosion in a pilot plant to enhance digestibility in ruminants. Bioresour. Technol. 99, 681-689.
  29. Wan, C.X., Li, Y.B., (2010). Microbial delignification of corn stover by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora for improving cellulose digestibility. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 47: 31-36.
  30. Xandé, X., Mourot, J., Archimède, H., Gourdine, J.L., Renaudeau, D., (2009). Effect of sugarcane diets and a high ûbre commercial diet on fresh meat and dry-cured ham quality in local Caribbean pigs. Meat Sci. 82, 106–112.
  31. Zeng, X.Y., Ma, Y.T., Ma, L.R., (2007). Utilization of straw in biomass energy in china. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 11, 976- 987.

Global Footprints