Gross anatomical features of the sternum of green-winged macaw (Ara Chloroptera)
Citation :- Gross anatomical features of the sternum of green-wingedmacaw (Ara Chloroptera) .Indian Journal of Animal Research.2015.(49):860-862
The present study was conducted on the sternum of an eight year old, male Green-winged Macaw. The sternum was quadrilateral with dorsal concave and ventral convex surfaces and four borders. The dorsal surface presented numerous pneumatic foramina. The ventral surface furnished a large, boat shaped keel. The anterior extremity showed two facets for coracoid. The anterior and posterior borders were convex. The lateral border on either side presented six costal facets. Two distinct oval foramina were seen near the posterior border. Craniolateral processes were short and stump-like. Caudolateral processes fused with the median trabecula on either side. The rostrum was distinct. The morphological features of the sternum of Green-winged Macaw conformed to that of flying group of birds. It was almost similar to that of goose in its anterior half and to that of pigeon in its posterior half.
- Duzler, A., Ozgel, O. and Dursun, N. (2006). Morphometric analysis of the sternum in avian species . Turk J Vet Anim Sci., 30: 311-314.
- Dyce, K. M., Sack, W.O. and Wensing, C. J. G. (1996). Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia. pp:818.
- Fitzgerald, T.C. (1969). The Coturnix Quail, Anatomy and Physiology. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa. pp: 20-22.
- Hogg, D. A. (1984). The distribution of pneumatisation in the skeleton of the adult domestic fowl. J Anat., 138: 617- 629.
- Jagapathi, R. P., Chandrasekhara, R. T. S., Shanti, L. M. and Ravindrareddy, Y. (2007). Gross anatomical studies on the sternum and ribs of Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Indian J Poult Sci., 42:112-114.
- Mc Lelland, J.(1990). A Colour Atlas of Avian Anatomy. Wolfe Publishing Ltd, England. pp: 38-39
- Nejdet, D., Ayhan, D., Uman, B. E. and Ozgel, O. (2002). Macro-anatomical investigations on sternum in bald ibis. Indian Vet J., 79:160-165.
- Nickel, R., Schummer, A. and Seiferle, E. (1977). Anatomy of the Domestic Birds. 2nd edn, Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin, Hamburg. pp: 10-.12.
- Powlesland, R. G., Merton, D. V. and Cockrem , J. F. (2006). A parrot apart: the natural history of the kakapo (Strigops habroptilus), and the context of its conservation management. Notornis., 53: 3-26.
- Predoi, G., Belu, C., Dumitrescu, I., Georgescu, B., Seicaru, A., Rosu, P., Carmen, B. and Dumitrescu, F. (2009). Comparative researches regarding the sternum in Ostrich (Struthio camelus) and Nandu (Rhea Americana). Lucrari Sci Med Vet., 42: 342-346.
- Tomar, M. P. S., Vaish, R., Parmar, M. L., Shrivastav, A. B. and Tiwari, Y. (2011). Gross morphometrical studies of sternum of Pariah Kite (Milvus migrans). Vet Wld., 4:171-172.