CYTOGENETIC STUDIES IN CROSSBRED PIGS

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.1.001    | Article Id: B-2474 | Page : 1-5
Citation :- CYTOGENETIC STUDIES IN CROSSBRED PIGS.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2014.(48):1-5
P. Guruvishnu*, B. Punyakumari, B. Ekambaram and K. Sarjan Rao
Address : Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati - 517 502, India

Abstract

Karyological investigation pertaining to 30 crossbred pigs (both sexes) maintained at AICRP, Tirupati was undertaken in order to study the chromosomal profile of the crossbred pigs and their morphometric measurements. The  cells  had  the  usual  diploid  complement  of  38  chromosomes (2n = 38)  and a fundamental number of  64  as  in  the  exotic pigs with XY complement in males and XX complement in females. The karyotype of crossbred pig was characterized by 5 pairs of submetacentric chromosomes (1-5), next two pairs were sub telocentric (6-7), subsequent 5 pairs were metacentric (8-12) and remaining six pairs were telocentric (13-18). A detailed idiogram was constructed from the results obtained. First chromosome was the longest pair and thirteenth pair was the second largest, while Y-chromosome was the smallest in the karyotype of the pig. The X chromosome was metacentric, but not readily distinguishable from the autosome pair number 9, while Y chromosome was metacentric.

Keywords

Chromosomal profile Crossbred pig Fundamental number Idiogram Morphometric measurements.

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