EFFECT OF VITAMIN E AND ZINC ON CELLULAR ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES IN KARAN FRIES COWS DURING TRANSITION PERIOD

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.2.025    | Article Id: B-2341 | Page : 109-119
Citation :- EFFECT OF VITAMIN E AND ZINC ON CELLULAR ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES IN KARAN FRIES COWS DURING TRANSITION PERIOD.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2014.(48):109-119
Pankaj Kumar Maurya*, Anjali Aggarwal, S.V. Singh, Gulab Chandra, A.K. Singh and B.K. Chaudhari dr.pankajmaurya3003@gmail.com
Address : Dairy Cattle Physiology Division National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, India

Abstract

The present study was conducted to explore the effect of vitamin E and zinc on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzymes during transition period in Karan Fries cows. Sixteen crossbred Karan Fries cows with confirmed pregnancy were selected two months before expected date of calving. The cross bred cows were randomly distributed in to two groups: eight cows were kept as control and eight cows were supplemented with vitamin E @ 1000 IU and zinc @ 60 ppm. Vitamin E and zinc supplementation was started from two months prepartum to two months postpartum. Blood samples were collected on the days -60, -45, -30, -15, -7, 0, +7, +15, +30, +45 and +60 with respect to expected date of calving and plasma was separated.  The plasma samples were analyzed for antioxidant enzymes (Superoxide dismutase, Catalase and Glutathione peroxidase), minerals (Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn) and vitamins (E & A). The activity of plasma superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were significantly lower (Pentations of antioxidants like vitamin E and zinc have beneficial effects in improving the antioxidant activity and decrease oxidative stress to animals.

Keywords

Transition period Antioxidant enzymes Oxidative stress Vitamin E Zinc.

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