Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.43

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 48 issue 1 (february 2014) : 78-82


P. Senthilkumar*, P.N. Richard Jagatheesan, M. Anna Anandh, G. Rajarajan, T. Lurthureetha
1Regional Research Centre, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pudukkottai – 622 004, India
Cite article:- Senthilkumar* P., Jagatheesan Richard P.N., Anandh Anna M., Rajarajan G., Lurthureetha T. (2023). PRODUCTION PERFORMANCES AND EGG CHARACTERISTICS OF EMU (DROMAIUS NOVAEHOLLANDIAE) BIRDS. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 48(1): 78-82. doi: 10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.1.017.
The present study was conducted to assess the production performances of emu birds and to analyze the characteristics of emu eggs. The emu breeders (mean ± SE) were started to lay eggs from 764.1±44.39 days. The mean ± SE production of 13.0±2.86, 21.8±3.39, 24.2±2.49, 29.1±13.13, 30.2±11.77 and 24.9±10.12 eggs per hen for 1st, 2nd , 3rd , 4th, 5th and 6th laying seasons, respectively with the spread of laying period (mean ± SE) 75.2±10.81, 98.7±8.98, 88.6±10.47, 119.1±12.71, 109.7±14.85  and 97.6±11.02 days were recorded, respectively. The mean ±SE egg weight (g) was 488.98±1.69, 562.23±4.08, 590.85±4.44, 593.12±3.50, 614.43±4.99 and 633.46±3.86 for 1st, 2nd , 3rd , 4th, 5th and 6th laying seasons with maximum weight (g) of 523, 660, 685, 686, 659 and  671, respectively. Egg laying was started in September, reaching peak in December, ending in March. Most (59.86%) of the eggs were laid at 3 days interval, mostly (40.73 %) between 6 to 7 PM. In the present study, fatty acid composition and internal qualities of emu eggs were carried out.
  1. AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 14th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington,D.C.
  2. Beutel, P.M., Davies, S.J.J.F. and Packer, W.C. (1983). Physical and physiological measurements of emu eggs and chicks, International Zoo year book, 23:175-181.
  3. Beynen,A.C. (2004). Fatty acid composition of eggs produced by hens fed diets containing groundnut, soyabean or linseed. Netherland J. Anim. Sci. 52(1):3 -10.
  4. Blache,D., Talbot, R.T., Blackberry, M.A., Williams,K.M., Martin,G.B. and Sharp, P.J.(2001). Photoperiodic control of the concentration of luteinizing hormone, prolactin and testosterone in the male emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), a bird that breeds on short days. J. Neuroendocrinology, 13:998-1006.
  5. Das,G.C., Goswamy, N., Dad, D. and Goswamy, R.N. (2000). Studies on certain egg quality traits of Khaki Campbell, desi and their crosses. Indian j. Poultry Sci., 35(2): 222-223.
  6. Gonalez,M., Roca,P., Saniz,F. and Alemany,M.(1982). A comparision between egg surface volumes of several avian species. Comparative Biochemist. Physiol., 73A:301-302.
  7. Horbanczuk, J.O. (2000). Improving the technology of artificial incubation of ostrich (Struthio calelus) eggs with reference to biological aspects. Praceimatrrialy zootechniczne zesztsspecjalny, 10:1-90.
  8. Jales,J. (2007). The emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) : a review of its biology and commercial products. Avian and Poultry Reviews, 18(1):1-20.
  9. Majewska, D. (2001) The influence of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) egg storage time on hatchability and chick survival. Electronic J. Polish Agric. Univ., 2. Series Animal Husbandry.
  10. Malecki, I.A. and Martin, G.B. (2002 a). Fertility of male and female emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) as determined by spermatozoa trapped in eggs. Reprod. Fertil. Develop., 14:495-502.
  11. Malecki, I.A. and Martin, G.B. (2002 b). Fertile period and clutch size in the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Emu, 102:165-170.
  12. Malecki, I.A., Martin, G.B., O’Malley, P.J., Meyer, G.T., Talbot, R.T. and Sharp, P.J. (1998) Endocrine and testicular changes in a short-day seasonally breeding bird, the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), in southwestern Australia. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 53: 143-155.
  13. Menezes, R., Reddy, P.V.V.S., Venkatramaiah, A., Reddy, P.S. and Prasad, J.R. (2001). Studies on incubation, hatching and early growth rate of emus. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 36(3):268-270.
  14. Minnar,P. and Minnar, M.(1998).The emu farmers handbook. Indina Company, Groveton, Texas.
  15. Myandmets, R., Myandmets, I. and Ilerya,A. (1991). Introducing a brown cross. Psitserodstro, 5:18-20.
  16. Rao, S.N., Nageswarao, A.R., Prasad, V.L.K. and Reddy, V.R. (2005) Performances of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Breeders.Indian J. Poul. Sci., 40:213-218.
  17. Rao,S.N., Nageswara, A.R., Prasad, V.L.K. and Reddy, V.R (2008). Characteristics of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) eggs .Indian J. Anim. Sci.,78(12):1423-1425.
  18. Romanoff, A.L. and Romanoff, A.J.(1989).The Avian Egg. John Wiley and Sons Inc., NewYork.
  19. Sharma, S.S., Zaman, G., Goswamy, R.N., Roy, T.C. and Mahanta, J.D. (2002). Physical characteristics of Nageswari duck eggs of Assam. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 72(120:1177-1178.
  20. Sharp, P.J., Cleeff, J.K.V., Martin, G.B. and and Blache, D (2005) Photoperiodic control of seasonal breeding and appetite in the emu. Proc. of the International Ratite Science Symposum & XII World Ostrich Congress, Madrid, 14-16th October 2005, PP. 53-59.
  21. Simeonovova, J., Ingr,I., Jerabek, S., Winerova, J. and Dvorakova, V. (1989). Evaluvation of eggs laid by Rhod Island Red hens. Zivocisna-vyrova, 34(8);759-768.
  22. Szczerbinska, D., Majewska,D., Tarasewicz,Z., Danczak,A and Ligocki,L. (2003) . Hatchability of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) eggs in relation to incubator temperature. Electronic J. Polish Agric. Univ., 6(2). Series Animal Husbandry
  23. Tyler, C. and Simkiss, K. (1959). A study of the egg shells of ratite birds, Proc. Zool. Soc.Lond., 133: 201-203.

Editorial Board

View all (0)