Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

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Comparative Analysis of Intestinal Bacterial Communities in Healthy and Diseased Nibea albiflora

X.P. Zhu, N. Wei, S.S. Zhang, M. Lin, Y. Ma
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1Fisheries College of Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China.
Cite article:- Zhu X.P., Wei N., Zhang S.S., Lin M., Ma Y. (2022). Comparative Analysis of Intestinal Bacterial Communities in Healthy and Diseased Nibea albiflora. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 56(4): 476-482. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-1393.
Background: The gut microbiota is an integral part of the host and plays an important role in both growth and development of host. The research on intestinal microbiota of Nibea albiflora and its relationship to fish disease have not been reported before. This study aimed to investigate the composition and differences of gut bacteria between healthy and diseased Nibea albiflora.
Methods: The intestines were collected from forty fish (twenty healthy fish and twenty diseased). Total DNA was extracted and then amplified by nested PCR. The PCR product was subjected to the DGGE test and performed at the IlluminaMiseq sequencing.
Result: The obtained results of both utilized techniques (DGGE and Next generation sequencing) showed that dominant bacteria could be grouped into four populations and the composition of intestinal bacteria differed significantly between healthy (NH) and diseased (ND) Nibea albiflora. NH has higher levels of γ-Proteobacteria and Firmicutes and with 46.91% Photobacterium supplied the dominant genus in NH. Fusobacteria and Bacteroidetes were higher in ND and Cetobacterium occupied 62.31% and was the dominant genus in ND. More probiotics were detected in NH, such as Lactobacillus, Brevibacillus, Enterococcus and Lactococcus (occupying 1.77% -19.76%), while less than 0.2% were detected for both in ND. More genera that belonged to Vibrionaceae, such as Enterovibrio (9.27%) and Vibrio (2.17%), were detected in ND and their abundances in NH were 0.79% and 0.03%, respectively.

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