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Determining Serum Haptoglobin and Proinflammatory Cytokines Concentration in the Calves Clinically Diagnosed with Pneumonitis, Pneumoenteritis and Enteritis

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-1376    | Article Id: B-1376 | Page : 498-501
Citation :- Determining Serum Haptoglobin and Proinflammatory Cytokines Concentration in the Calves Clinically Diagnosed with Pneumonitis, Pneumoenteritis and Enteritis.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2022.(56):498-501
M. Kabu, C. Uyarlar mustafakabu@hotmail.com
Address : Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, ANS Campus, 03200 Afyonkarahisar, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 21-04-2021
Accepted Date : 23-06-2021

Abstract

Background: This study aims to determine the concentration of serum haptoglobin (Hp), interleukin 1 (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in cases of Pneumonia, Pneumoenteritis and Enteritis.
Methods: 60 calves were subjected to the study and they were divided into four groups. The study group consisted of the claves diagnosed with clinical pneumonia (Group P; n=15), pneumoenteritis (Group PE; n=15) and enteritis (Group E; n=15) while the control group included the healthy calves (Group C; n=15). The measurements of the concentration of serum haptoglobin (Hp), interleukin 1 (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Total protein (TP) and Albumin (ALB) were made by using commercial kits.
Conclusion: In all infection groups (P, PE ve E), Haptoglobin concentration, serum cytokine (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) and Albumin values were found to have been higher than the control group (p≤0,005). However, there was no difference in total protein. In the light of these findings, it is suggested that routine controls for Haptoglobin and cytokine (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) concentrations would be rewarding to determine the severity of the infection, to choose the suitable treatment and to detect subclinical infections in veterinary medicine.

Keywords

Calf Haptoglobin (Hp) Interleukin 1(IL-1β) Interleukin 6 (IL-6) Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)

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