Effects of Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris Density on the Larval Performances of Fresh Water Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879)

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-1335    | Article Id: B-1335 | Page : 303-309
Citation :- Effects of Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris Density on the Larval Performances of Fresh Water Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879).Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):303-309
R.T. Mathew, Y.A. Alkhamis, S.M. Rahman, A.S. Alsaqufi rmathew@kfu.edu.sa
Address : Fish Resources Research Center, King Faisal University, P.O Box 420, Al-Ahsa 31982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Submitted Date : 27-10-2020
Accepted Date : 25-01-2021

Abstract

Background: Microalgae have several potential applications in early stages especially in the hatchery phase of several fish, mollusc and crustacean species. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris at different concentrations on larval performances of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. 
Methods: Freshly hatched larvae were reared until the metamorphosis of first post larval (PL) stage in plastic aquaria (5 liter, 12ppt and 12L:12D) with a density of 10 larvae/liter under five randomly arranged treatment groups in 3 replicates such as, 0×105 (T1, control) and four different concentrations of C. vulgaris 5×105 (T2), 10×105 (T3), 15×105 (T4) and 20×105 (T5) cells/ml. Larvae were fed Artemia (6 nauplii/ml) six times daily. 
Result: The results revealed that the addition of microalgae in rearing system significantly enhanced (P<0.05) the larval survival and developments than without microalgae. The highest larval survival and faster appearance of PL (in days) was observed in T3 group (60.83%, 24.67 days) followed by T4 (56.91%, 28.33 days) T2 (48.39%, 31.33 days) T5 (40.93%, 32.33 days) and T1 (30.65%, 39 days), respectively. Larvae reared at moderate concentrations of microalgae (T3 and T4) resulted in high dry weight that of extreme low (T2) or high (T5) concentrations of microalgae. This study identified the best concentration of Chlorella vulgaris for the rearing of M. rosenbergii larval and could be applicable for the mass larval production of this species commercially.

Keywords

Development Dry weight Giant prawn Green water Microalgae density Post larvae Survival

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