Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 3 (march 2020) : 379-383

Factors Affecting Milk Yield and Composition of Indigenous Balkan Goat Breed Reared in Semi Extensive Conditions

Božidarka, Marković*, M. Marković, Dušica, Radonjić, S. Mirecki, M. Veljić
1University of Montenegro, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Livestock Science, M. Lalica 1, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro. 
Cite article:- Božidarka, Marković*, Marković M., Dušica, Radonjić, Mirecki S., Veljić M. (2019). Factors Affecting Milk Yield and Composition of Indigenous Balkan Goat Breed Reared in Semi Extensive Conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(3): 379-383. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-1174.
The aim of this study was to analyze effect of genetic and environmental factors on milk production traits of indigenous Balkan goat breed. The average milk yield of 150.43 kg in lactation that lasted 211.09 days was significantly influenced by flock and lactation, while average daily milk yield (0.724 kg) was additional significantly affected by stage of lactation (PÂ0.001). Variability of milk components content (fat, protein and solid nonfat – SNF) was under significant effect of flock and  stage of lactation, interaction of these two factors and random effect of animal (PÂ0.001), while strain and lactation did not have significant effect on these traits (P>0.05). Goats of AA genotype of alpha S1 casein had significantly higher fat, protein and SNF content than AF and FF genotype. These results provide important data that could be used as baseline for design of breeding program for improvement of production traits of Balkan goat breed. 
  1. Alkass, J.E., Merkhan, K.Y. (2011). Milk production of indigenous black and Meriz goats raised under farm production system. Research Opin. In Animals and Veterin. Sci. 1: 708-713. 
  2. Antunac, N., Samaržija, D., Havranek, J. L., Paviæ, V., Mioè, B. (2001). Effects of stage and number of lactation on the chemical composition of goat milk. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 46. (12): 548–553.
  3. Bogdanoviæ, V., Perišiæ, P., Ðedoviæ, R., Popoviæ, Z., Mijiæ, P., Baban, M., Antunoviæ, B. (2010). Characteristics of milk production traits of Balkan goats raised under “low-input” production systems. Mljekarstvo. 60 (1): p. 30-36. 
  4. Bolacali, M., Ozturk, Y., Yilmaz, O., Küçük, M. and Karsli, M.A. (2017). Effect of genotype and non-genetic factors on growth traits and survival rates in Turkish indigenous Hair goats and their first cross with Boer bucks. Indian J. Anim. Res. 51 (6): p. 975-981.
  5. Carnicella, D. Dario, M., Conuelo Caribe Ayres, M., Laudadio, V. and Dario, C., (2008). The effect of diet, parity, year and number of kids on milk yield and milk composition in Maltese goat, Small Ruminant Research. 77: 71–74.
  6. Ciappesoni G., Pribly J., Mares V. (2004). Factors affecting goat milk yield and its composition. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 49 (11): 465–473
  7. Curro,S., Manuelian, C.M., Marchi, M., Palo, P., Claps, S., Maggiolino, A., Campanile, G., Rufrano, D., Fontana, A., Pedota , G. and Neglia, G. (2019). Autochthonous dairy goat breeds showed better milk quality than Saanen under the same environmental conditions. Arch. Anim. Breed. 62: 83–89.
  8. Fernandez, C., Sanchez, A., Garces, C. (2002). Modeling the lactation curve for test-day milk yield in Murciano-Granadina goats. Small Ruminants Research. 46:29-46. 
  9. Goetsch, A.L., Zeng, S.S., Gipson, T.A. (2011). Factors affecting goat milk production and quality. Small Ruminant Research. 101: 55-63
  10. Kominakis, A., Rogdakis, E., Vasiloudis, Ch., Liaskos, O. (2000). Genetic and environmental sources of variation of milk yield of Skopelos dairy goats. Small Ruminant Research. 36(1):1-5. 
  11. Kumar, S., Rama Rao, C.A., Kareemulla, K. and Venkateswarlu, B. (2010). Role of goats in livelihood security of rural poor in the less favoured environments. Indian journal of agricultural economics. 65(4): 760 – 781. 
  12. Kume, K., Papa, L. and Hajno, L. (2012). Effects on milk production in F1 crossbred of Alpine goat breed ( ) and Albanian goat breed ( ). Italian Journal of Animal Science. 11: 258-262.
  13. Macciotta, N.P, Fresi, P., Usai, G., Cappio-Borlino, A. (2005). Lactation curves of Sarda breed goats estimated with test day models. J Dairy Res. 72:470–475. 
  14. Maga, E.A., Daftari, P., Kültz, D. and Penedo, M.C.T. (2009). Prevalence of ás1-casein genotypes in American dairy goat. J. Anim. Sci. 87: 3464–3469.
  15. Markoviæ, B., Markoviæ, M., Radonjiæ, D., Veljiæ, M. (2011). Sustainable sheep and goat production based on local breeds in Montenegro. 8th Global Conference on the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources, 4-8th October 2011., Tekirdag, Proceedings, ISBN: 978-605-87679-4-2, p. 414-420. 
  16. Mavrogenis, A.P., Antoniades, N.Y., Hooper, R.W. (2006). The Damascus (Shami) goat of Cyprus. Animal Genetic Resources. 38: 57-65.
  17. Memisi, N., Bauman, F., Stojanovic, S., Pavlov, B., Jovanovic, S. (2004). Production characteristics of domestic Balkan goats. Animal Genetic Resources. 35: 87-94.
  18. Mia, M.D., Khandoker, M.A., Husain, S.S., Faruque, M.O., Notter, D.R. (2014). Estimation of genetic and phenotypic parameters for daily milk yield of Black Bengal does. Turk J. Vet Anim Sci. 38: 469-473 
  19. Mioè, B., Paviæ, V., Baraæ, Z., Prpiæ, Z., Vnuèec, I. (2007). Milk yield of some goat breeds in Croatia. Mljekarstvo. 57 (1): 67-77.
  20. Moioli, B., D’Andrea, M. and Pilla. F. (2007). Candidate genes affecting sheep and goat milk quality. Small Ruminant Research. 68:179–192.
  21. Silva, F.G., Brito, L.F., Torres, R.A., Ribeiro Júnior, J.I., Oliveira, H.R., Caetano, G.C. and Rodrigues, M.T. (2013). Factors that influence the test day milk yield and composition. Genetics and Molecular Research. 12 (2): 1522-1532 
  22. Soares, M.A.M., Rodrigues, MT., Mogno, GP., Ribeiro, L.F.C., Silva, JL, Brancalhao, RMC. (2009). Polymorphism of alphas1-casein gene in a dairy goat herd in the southeastern region of Brazil. R. Bras. Zootec. 38(6): 1026-1032.
  23. Sztankoova, Z., Rychtaøova, J., Kyselova, J., Matlova, V., Štipkova, S., Matejíèkova, J., Markova, M. (2013). Effect of the ás1-, ás2, â- and ê-casein genotypes on the milk production parameters in Czech goat dairy breeds. GRANT journal ISSN 1805-062X. 2(1): 76-81. 
  24. Upadhyay, D., Patel, B.H.M, Kerketta, S., Kaswan, S., Sahu, S., Bharat Bhushan and Dutt, T. (2014) Study on udder morphology and its relationship with Production parameters in local goats of Rohilkhand region of India. Indian J. Anim. Res. 48 (6): 615-619.
  25. Vazquez-Flores, F., Montaldo, H.H., Torres–Vazquez, J.A., Alonso-Morales, R.O., et al. (2012). Additive and dominance effects of the ás1-casein locus on milk yield and composition traits in dairy goats. Journal of Dairy Research. 79: 367–374. 
  26. Zazharska, N., Boyko, O., Brygadyrenko, V. (2018). Influence of diet on the productivity and characteristics of goat milk. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52 (5): 711-717.

Editorial Board

View all (0)