Correlation Analysis between MyoG Gene Polymorphism and Carcass Characteristics of Egg quails

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1164    | Article Id: B-1164 | Page : 1223-1228
Citation :- Correlation Analysis between MyoG Gene Polymorphism and Carcass Characteristics of Egg quails.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2020.(54):1223-1228
Jun Yan Bai, Xiao Ping Jia, Jun Hao Lu, Shuai Yang, You Zhi Pang, You Bing Yang, Hong Deng Fan, Heng Cao, Xue Yan Fu junyanbai@163.com
Address : College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China.
Submitted Date : 14-06-2019
Accepted Date : 5-12-2019


Quail is extensively reared in China for characteristic of quick growth, small fodder consumption, early sexual maturity, high egg output and short production period. In this study, the SNP markers in 5’ regulation regions of cytogenin gene (MyoG) among China yellow quail, Beijing white quail and Korean quail were detected by PCR-SSCP method. Moreover, correlations of MyoG 5’ regulation regions with carcass characteristics of quail were analyzed. Results demonstrated thatin egg quail group, six genotypes were detected in Locus A in the control region of MyoG 5’, including AA, BB, CC, AB, AC and BC. The highest frequencies of CC in China yellow quail, Beijing white quail and Korean quail were 0.323, 0.366 and 0.444, respectively. A total of 9 genotypes were detected in locus B in egg quail group, which were AA, BB, CC, DD, EE, AB, AC, AD and AE. AA showed the highest frequency in China yellow quail, Beijing white quail and Korean quail, which were 0.493, 0.385 and 0.406, respectively. There was significant correlation between locus A and leg muscle rate of egg quail (P<0.05). Locus B presented significant correlations with carcass net weight, leg muscle weight, dressing percentage, whole net carcass rate and heart rate (P<0.05). Loci A and B in the control region of MyoG 5’ can be used as the molecular marker of carcass characteristics of egg quails during marker assisted selection.


Association analysis Carcass characteristics Egg quail MyoG Gene


  1. Bai, J.Y., Zhao, Y.G ., Li, G.L. , Yang, Y.B. , Wang, Y.Q. , Wang ,X. and Yang, S.(2019). Analysis of polymorphism of growth hormone secretagogue receptor in goat. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(7): 856-859.
  2. Bai, J.Y., Pang, Y.Z., Qi, Y.X., Zhang, X.H. and Yun, Y.X. (2017). Analysis of the polymorphism of expressed sequence tag-    Simple sequence repeat in quail. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 51 (5) : 851-855. DOI:10.18805/ijar.v0i0f.3803
  3. Bai, J.Y., Pang, Y.Z., Wu, S.J., Yu, M.Q. and Zhang, X.H. (2016a). Analysis of genetic diversity of four quails by microsatellite markers. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(1): 1-7. DOI:10.18805/ijar.8429
  4. Bai, J.Y., Pang, Y.Z., Zhang, X.H., Yun, Y.X. and Qi, Y.X. (2016b). Microsatellite analysis of genetic diversity in quail populations from China. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 18(3): 519-524. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1590 /1806-9061-2015-0101.
  5. Bai, J.Y., Pang, Y.Z., Qi, Y.X., Zhang, X.H. and Yun, X.Y. (2016c). Development and application of EST-SSR markers in quails. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 18(Special Issue): 027-032. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2015-0124.
  6. Bai, J.Y., Pang, Y.Z., Zhang, X.H. and Li, Y.X. (2016d). Study on the morphological development of quail embryos. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 18(Special Issue 2 ): 91-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2015- 0177.
  7. Bhuiyan, M.S. A., Kim, N. K., Cho, Y. M., Yoon, D., Kim, K.D., Jeon, J.T., Lee, J.H. (2009). Identification of SNPs in MYOD gene family and their associations with carcass traits in cattle. [J]. Livestock Production Science, 2009, 126(1): 292-297. 
  8. Biressi,S.,Bjornson,C.R.R.,Carlig,P.M.M.,Nishijo,K., Keller,C., Rando,T.A. (2013). Myf5 expression during fetal myogenesis defines the developmental progenitors of adult satellite cells [J]. Dev. Biol. 379(2): 195-207. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.04.021.
  9. Brooks, J., Lippincott, W (1999). Disorders of soft tissue [J]. Diagnostic Surgical Pat-hol. 59: 131-222.
  10. Hasty, P., Bradley, A., Morris, J. (1993). Muscle deficiency and neonatal death in mice with a targeted mutation in the myogenin gene. Nature. 364: 501-506.
  11. Jiusheng, W.,Yuehuan,L.,Ningying, X. (2009). Histological characteristics of musculus longissimus dorsi and their correlation with restriction fragment length polymorphism of the myogenin gene in Jinghua×Pietrain F2 crossbred pigs [J]. Meat. Sci., 81(1): 108-115. DOI:10.1016/j.meatsci. 2008.07.010.
  12. Knapp, J., Davie, J., Myer, A., Meadows, E., Olson, E.N., Klein, W.H. (2006). Loss of myogenin in postnatal life leads to normal skeletal muscle but reduced body size. Development. 133(4): 601-610.
  13. Li, Y.X., Zhang, X.H., Pang, Y.Z., Qi, Y.X. and Zhao, S.J. (2019). Construction of MC1R and ASIP eukaryotic expression vector and its regulation of plumage color in Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica). Journal of Poultry Science. 56(2): 84-90.
  14. Peng, X.W., Mei, S.Q., Sun, H., Li, L. H., Song, Z.X., Cheng, N., Huan, S., Guo, W.Z. (2007). Effects of MyoG genotype on partial productive appearance of hybrid offspring of white pigs in Hubei Province. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University. 26 (6): 809-812.
  15. Tang, Y., Zhang, G.X., Fan, Q.C., Wang, J.Y., Zhang, T., Wei, Y., Xue, Q., Wang, W.H., Wang, Y.J. (2015). Correlation analysis of growth traits between MyoG and Myf5 gene and Jinghai yellow chicken. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science. (9): 1562-1567.
  16. Wang, Q., Liu, Y.P., Jiang, X.S., Yang, C.W., Du, H.R., Qiu, M.H., Zhu, Q. (2007). Correlation analysis of MyoG gene polymorphism and slaughtering characters and meat traits of high quality broiler. Genetics. 29(9): 1089-1096.
  17. Wei, Y., Zhang, G.X., Wang, J.Y., Zhang, T., Tang, Y., Fan, Q.C., Xue, Q., Wang, Y.N., Ding, F.X. (2014). Correlation analysis of MyoG gene and growth and carcass traits of side chickens. Chinese Journal of Animal Science. 50(19): 1-5.
  18. Weintraub, H., Davis, R., Tapscoott, S. 1991). The MyoD gene family:nodalpoint during specification of the muscle cell lineage. Science. 251: 761-776.
  19. Zhang, X.H., Pang, Y.Z. , Zhao , S.J., Xu , H.W., Li , Y.L. , Xu , Y., Guo, Z. and Wang, D.D.(2013). The relationship of plumage colours with MC1R (Melanocortin 1 Receptor) and ASIP (Agouti Signaling Protein) in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). British Poultry Science, 54(3): 306-311.
  20. Zhao, Z.h., LI,H., YI, H.J., Yang, S.L., Peng, B.X., Bu, X.Y. (2016). The Effect of MyoG and MEF2a Gene Pyramiding on Slaughter Traits of Ducks. Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 49(18): 3649-3661.

Global Footprints