Effect of Different Energy Levels in Starter Ration Of Suckling Angus Calves on Blood Biochemical Parameters, Hormone Profile, Immune Response and Antioxidant Status

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1163    | Article Id: B-1163 | Page : 60-65
Citation :- Effect of Different Energy Levels in Starter Ration Of Suckling Angus Calves on Blood Biochemical Parameters, Hormone Profile, Immune Response and Antioxidant Status.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):60-65
Chen Dong, Tang Jing, Shen Weijun, Wu Duanqin, Yan Jingcai, Li Fuqiang and Muhammad Aziz ur Rahman drazizurrahman@uaf.edu.pk
Address : College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410130, China.
Submitted Date : 14-06-2019
Accepted Date : 23-10-2019


The objective of study was to evaluate the effects of energy level in starter ration on blood biochemical parameters, hormone profile, immune response and antioxidant status of calves. A total of eighteen angus calves were divided into three groups in such a way that each group had  six calves. Three energy levels were {9 MJ/kg, low metabolizable energy (LME), 12.38 MJ/kg, medium metabolizable energy (MME) and 13.62 MJ/kg, high metabolizable energy (HME)}fed to experimental groups. Results showed that hemoglobin, red blood cells, hematocrit, thrombocytocrit  and high-density lipoprotein was higher in HME diet (P<0.05). While, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width was higher in MME diet as compared to HME diet (P<0.05). Results of immunity revealed that IgA content were lowest in calves fed LME diet (P<0.05). Calves received different energy level in the diet had no effect on IgG, IgM and C4 (P>0.05). However, the calves on LME starter diet represented higher blood complement C3 contents (P<0.05). It is concluded that blood metabolites were influenced by energy level in Angus calves. 


Angus calves Blood metabolites Hormones Energy level


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