Effect of Different Energy Levels in Starter Ration Of Suckling Angus Calves on Blood Biochemical Parameters, Hormone Profile, Immune Response and Antioxidant Status

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1163    | Article Id: B-1163 | Page : 60-65
Citation :- Effect of Different Energy Levels in Starter Ration Of Suckling Angus Calves on Blood Biochemical Parameters, Hormone Profile, Immune Response and Antioxidant Status.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):60-65
Chen Dong, Tang Jing, Shen Weijun, Wu Duanqin, Yan Jingcai, Li Fuqiang and Muhammad Aziz ur Rahman drazizurrahman@uaf.edu.pk
Address : College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410130, China.
Submitted Date : 14-06-2019
Accepted Date : 23-10-2019

Abstract

The objective of study was to evaluate the effects of energy level in starter ration on blood biochemical parameters, hormone profile, immune response and antioxidant status of calves. A total of eighteen angus calves were divided into three groups in such a way that each group had  six calves. Three energy levels were {9 MJ/kg, low metabolizable energy (LME), 12.38 MJ/kg, medium metabolizable energy (MME) and 13.62 MJ/kg, high metabolizable energy (HME)}fed to experimental groups. Results showed that hemoglobin, red blood cells, hematocrit, thrombocytocrit  and high-density lipoprotein was higher in HME diet (P<0.05). While, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width was higher in MME diet as compared to HME diet (P<0.05). Results of immunity revealed that IgA content were lowest in calves fed LME diet (P<0.05). Calves received different energy level in the diet had no effect on IgG, IgM and C4 (P>0.05). However, the calves on LME starter diet represented higher blood complement C3 contents (P<0.05). It is concluded that blood metabolites were influenced by energy level in Angus calves. 

Keywords

Angus calves Blood metabolites Hormones Energy level

References

  1. Aziz-ur-Rahman, M., Chuanqi, X., Huawei, S. and Binghai, C., (2017). Effects of hay grass level and its physical form (full length vs. chopped) on standing time, drinking time and social behavior of calves. J. Vet. Behav. 21: 7-12.
  2. Dominic, G., Allyb, K., Muralic, P. and Anild, K.S., (2014). Effect of energy supplementation on the milk urea nitrogen and blood urea nitrogen level in cross bred cows in early lactation. Live. Res. Int. 2: 68-71
  3. Egli, C. and Blum, J., (1998). Clinical, Haematological, Metabolic and Endocrine Traits During the First Three Months of Life of Suckling Simmentaler Calves Held in a Cow-Calf Operation 1. J. Vet. Med. Ser. 45: 99-118.
  4. Fernández, H., Busso, C.A., Laborde, H. E., Torrea, M., Fernández, L., López, G., Delucchi, F. and García, B., (2012). Growth, blood metabolites and hormones in calves fed diets with different amounts of energy and protein during the pre-or post-weaning periods. Afric. J. Agr. Res. 25: 3739-3746.
  5. Gayathri, S.L. and Panda, N., (2018). Chelated minerals and its effect on animal production. A rev. Agric. Rev. 39: 314-320.
  6. Khan, M., Lee, H., Lee, W., Kim, H., Kim, S., Ki, K., Park, S., Baek, K., Ha, J. and Choi, Y., (2008). Starch source evaluation in calf starter: II. Ruminal parameters, rumen development, nutrient digestibilities and nitrogen utilization in Holstein calves. J. Dairy Sci. 91:1140-1149.
  7. Klinkon, M. and Ježek, J., (2012). Values of blood variables in calves. A Bird’s-Eye View of Veterinary Medicine. IntechOpen.,
  8. Knowles, T., Edwards, J., Bazeley, K., Brown, S., Butterworth, A. and Warriss, P., (2000). Changes in the blood biochemical and haematological profile of neonatal calves with age. Vet. Rec. 147: 593-598.
  9. Kumar, D., Kumar, S., Gera, S. and Yadav, J., (2018). Comparative assessment of biochemical parameters of Hariana, Hardhenu and Sahiwal breeds. Indian J. Anim. Res. 52: 1565-1568.
  10. Muhammad, A.U., Xia, C.Q. and Cao, B.H., (2016). Dietary forage concentration and particle size affect sorting, feeding behaviour, intake and growth of Chinese holstein male calves. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 100: 217-223.
  11. Quigley, J., Wolfe, T. and Elsasser, T., (2006). Effects of additional milk replacer feeding on calf health, growth and selected blood metabolites in calves. J. Dairy Sci. 89: 207-216.
  12. Rahman, M.A., Qi, X.C. and Binghai, C., (2019). Nutrient intake, feeding patterns and abnormal behavior of growing bulls fed different concentrate levels and a single fiber source (corn stover silage). J. Vet. Behav., https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2019.03.003.
  13. Rezende, S.M., Lijfering, W.M., Rosendaal, F.R. and Cannegieter, S. C., (2014). Hematologic variables and venous thrombosis: red cell distribution width and blood monocyte count are associated with an increased risk. Haematologica. 99: 194-200. 
  14. Rotimi, O.A., Rotimi, S.O., Oluwafemi, F., Ademuyiwa, O. and Balogun, E. A. (2018). Oxidative stress in extrahepatic tissues of rats co-exposed to aflatoxin B1 and low protein diet. Toxic. Resea. 3: 211. 
  15. Sheikh, G.G., Masood, D., Ganai, A.M., Afzal, S.Y. and Ahmad, H.A., (2019). Effect of probiotics mix supplementation on haemato-biochemical parameters and bacterial faecal shedding in Corriedale lambs fed paddy straw based complete feed. Indian J. Anim. Res. 53: 1049-1053.
  16. Suárez, B., Van-Reenen, C., Gerrits, W., Stockhofe, N., Van-Vuuren, A. and Dijkstra, J., (2006). Effects of supplementing concentrates differing in carbohydrate composition in veal calf diets: II. Rumen development. J. Dairy Sci. 89: 4376-4386.
  17. Sun, D., Mao, S., Zhu, W. and Liu, J., (2018). Effect of starter diet supplementation on rumen epithelial morphology and expression of genes involved in cell proliferation and metabolism in pre-weaned lambs. Anim. 12: 2274-2283.
  18. Vasileva, V. and Naydenova, Y., (2017). Nutritive value of forage biomass from mixtures of alfalfa with cocksfoot and tall fescue. J. Glob. Innov. Agric. Soc. Sci. 5: 121-129.
  19. Xia, C., Aziz Ur Rahman, M., Yang, H., Shao, T., Qiu, Q., Su, H. and Cao, B., (2018). Effect of increased dietary crude protein levels on production performance, nitrogen utilisation, blood metabolites and ruminal fermentation of Holstein bulls. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 31: 1643.
  20. Zulfiqar, U., Ishfaq, M., Yasin, M.U., Ali, N., Ahmad, M., Ullah, A. and Hameed, W., (2017). Performance of maize yield and quality under different irrigation regimes and nitrogen levels. J. Glob. Innov. Agric. Soc. Sci. 5: 159-164. 

Global Footprints