Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 6 (june 2020) : 667-672

Effects of Dietary Oils on Nutrient Utilization in the Growing Pigs Under Heat Stress Condition

Won Yun, Min Ho Song, Ji Hwan Lee, Chang Hee Lee, Woo Gi Kwak, Han Jin Oh, Shudong Liu, Hyeun Bum Kim, Jin Ho Cho
1Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, South Korea 28644.
Cite article:- Yun Won, Song Ho Min, Lee Hwan Ji, Lee Hee Chang, Kwak Gi Woo, Oh Jin Han, Liu Shudong, Kim Bum Hyeun, Cho Ho Jin (2019). Effects of Dietary Oils on Nutrient Utilization in the Growing Pigs Under Heat Stress Condition. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(6): 667-672. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-1137.
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dietary oils on nutrient digestibility and energy utilization in pigs under heat stress (35 ± 1°C) condition. Four experimental diets were tested using a 4 x 4 Latin square design for four barrows (Landrace × Yorkshire × Duroc, average initial body weight of 30.1 ± 1 kg) in individual metabolic cages per group. Dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design with two levels of oils (1% or 3%) and two types of dietary oils (Canola oil and Soybean oil). Under optimal conditions, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) were not significantly different among treatments. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed efficiency were not significantly different among treatments either. However, the interaction (p < 0.05) effect was detected on analyzed value of DE and ME.
  1. AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
  2. Baumgard, L.H. and Rhoads Jr, R.P. (2013). Effects of heat stress on postabsorptive metabolism and energetics. Annu. Rev. Anim. Biosci. 1(1): 311-337.
  3. Bernabucci, U., Basiricò, L., Morera, P., Lacetera, N., Ronchi, B. and Nardone, A. (2009). Heat shock modulates adipokines expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J. Mol. Endocrinol. 42(2): 139-147.
  4. Chakraborty, A., Baruah, A., Sarmah, B.C., Goswami, J., Bora, A., Dutta, D. J. and Phangchopi, D. (2018). Physiological responses in pigs on antioxidant supplementation during summer and winter. Indian. J. Anim. Res. 52(11): 1557-1559.
  5. Curtis, S.E. (1983). Environmental Management in Animal Agriculture. State University Press. Ames; Iowa.
  6. Ellis, N.R. and Isbell, I.S. (1926). Soft pork studies. II. The influence of the character of the ration upon the composition of the body fat of hogs. J. Biol. Chem. 59: 219–248.
  7. Folch, J., Lees, M. and Sloane-Stanley, G.H. (1957). A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226(1): 497-509.
  8. Forbes, E.B. and Swift, R.W. (1944). Associative dynamic effects of protein, carbohydrate and fat. Science. 99: 476–478.
  9. Gao, X. and Kolomiets, M. V. (2009). Host-derived lipids and oxylipins are crucial signals in modulating mycotoxin production by fungi. Toxin Reviews. 28(2-3): 79-88.
  10. Geraert, P.A., Padilha, J.C. and Guillaumin, S. (1996). Metabolic and endocrine changes induced by chronic heat exposure in broiler chicken: growth performance, body composition and energy retention. Brit. J. Nurt. 75: 195–204.
  11. Hoyda, T.D., Samson, W.K. and Ferguson, A.V. (2012). Central system roles for adiponectin in neuroendocrine and automic function. Adipokines, (Science Publishers), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 167-184.
  12. Huang, S.C., Fu, Y.F., Lan, Y.F., Rehman, M.U. and Tong, Z. X. (2018). Histopathological and biochemical evaluations of the kidney in broiler chickens under acute heat stress conditions. Indian. J. Anim. Res. 52(4): 637-639.
  13. Kellner, T.A., Prusa, K.J. and Patience, J.F. (2014). Impact of dietary fat source and concentration and daily fatty acid intake on the composition of carcass fat and iodine value sampled in three regions of the pork carcass. J. Anim. Sci. 92: 5485–5495. 
  14. Kerr, B.J., Kellner, T.A. and Shurson, G.C. (2015). Characteristics of lipids and their feeding value in swine diets. J. Anim. Sci. and Biotechnol. 6: 30.
  15. Lammers, P.J., Kerr, B.J., Weber, T.E., Dozier III, W.A., Kidd, M.T., Bregendahl, K. and Honeyman, M.S. (2008). Digestible and metabolizable energy of crude glycerol for growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 86(3): 602-608.
  16. Le Bellego, L., Van Milgen, J. and Noblet, J. (2002). Effect of high temperature and low-protein diets on the performance of growing-    finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80: 691-701.
  17. LE dividich, J., Noblet, J., Herpin, P., Van Milgen, J. and Quiniou, N. (1998). Thermoregulation. In Progress in Pig Science. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK. 229-263.
  18. Liu, C.P., Fu, J., Xu, F.P., Wang, X.S. and Li, S. (2015). The role of heat shock proteins in oxidative stress damage induced by se deficiency in chicken livers. Biometals. 28:1-11.
  19. Morera, P., Basiricò, L., Hosoda, K. and Bernabucci, U. (2012). Chronic heat stress up-regulates leptin and adiponectin secretion and expression and improves leptin, adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in mice. J. Mole. Endocrinol. 48(2): 129-138.
  20. Noblet, J. and Perez, J.M. (1993). Prediction of digestibility of nutrients and energy values of pig diets from chemical analysis. J. Anim. Sci. 71(12): 3389-3398.
  21. NRC. (1998). Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 10th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
  22. NRC. (2012). Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
  23. Pearce, S.C., Lonergan, S.M., Huff-Lonergan, E., Baumgard, L.H. and Gabler, N.K. (2015). Acute heat stress and reduced nutrient intake alter intestinal proteomic profile and gene expression in pigs. PloS one. 10(11): e0143099.
  24. Pearce, S.C., Sanz-Fernandez, M.V., Hollis, J.H., Baumgard, L.H. and Gabler, N.K. (2014). Short-term exposure to heat stress attenuates appetite and intestinal integrity in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 92(12): 5444-5454. 
  25. Pearce, S.C., Upah, N.C., Harris, A.J., Gabler, N.K., Ross, J.W., Rhoads, R.P. and Baumgard, L.H. (2011). Effects of heat stress on energy metabolism in growing pigs. FASEB Journal. 25: 1052 (Abstr.).
  26. Rabe, K., Lehrke, M., Parhofer, K.G. and Broedl, U.C. (2008). Adipokines and insulin resistance. Molecular Medicine. 14(11-12): 741.
  27. Shivasharanappa, G.Y., Mundas, S., Rao, D.G.K., Tikare, V. and Shridhar, N. B. (2013). Histopathological changes in pigs exposed to aflatoxin B1 during pregnancy. Indian. J. Anim. Res. 47(5): 386-391.
  28. Shurson, G.C., Kerr, B.J. and Hanson, A.R. (2015). Evaluating the quality of feed fats and oils and their effects on pig growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. Biochnol. 6(1): 10.
  29. Song G.L., Li D.F., Piao X.S., Chi F. and Yang W.J. (2003). Apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids and the digestible and metabolizable energy content of high-oil corn varieties and its effects on growth performance of pigs. Archiv. Anim. Nutri. 57: 297–306.
  30. Spencer, J.D., Gaines, A.M., Berg, E.P. and Allee, G.L. (2005). Diet modifications to improve finishing pig performance and pork quality attributes during periods of heat stress. J. Anim. Sci. 83: 243–254.
  31. St. Pierre, N.R., Cobanov, B. and Schnitkey, G. (2003). Economic losses from heat stress by US livestock industries. J. Dairy. Sci. 86: E52-E77.
  32. Stahly, G., Cromwell, G.L. and Overfield, J.R. (1981). Interactive effects of season of year and dietary fat supplementation, lysine source and lysine level on the performance of swine. J. Anim. Sci. 53: 1269–1277.
  33. White, H.M., Richert, B.T., Schinckel, A.P., Burgess, J.R., Donkin, S.S. and Latour, M.A. (2008). Effects of temperature stress on growth performance and bacon quality in grow-finish pigs housed at two densities. J. Anim. Sci. 86: 1789–1798. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)