Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in cattle of Punjab, Pakistan and assessment of risk factors

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1130    | Article Id: B-1130 | Page : 101-104
Citation :- Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in cattle of Punjab, Pakistan and assessment of risk factors.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):101-104
Ahsan Anjum, Asim Aslam, Raheela Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Junaid Naseer, Alia Mushtaq, Muhammad Asif Munir, Azeem ullah Khan ahsan.anjum@uvas.edu.pk
Address : Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan.
Submitted Date : 25-03-2019
Accepted Date : 9-07-2019

Abstract

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an important infectious disease of respiratory system of cattle, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides. A cross sectional study was conducted in Lahore, Kasur and Jhang districts of Punjab to determine the prevalence of CBPP. A total of 560 serum samples were examined for the specific antibodies against M. mycoides subspecies mycoides, using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Associated risk factors that were evaluated include age, gender and breed. In this study, the overall seroprevalence was 8.75%. The seroprevalence of CBPP in Lahore, Kasur and Jhang were 8.26, 8.20 and 10.06%, respectively, but no significance difference (P<0.05) was observed. Among the assessed potential predisposing factors, gender and breed were not significantly associated with the serological status of the animal (P>0.05), in which the age affected significantly the positivity to CBPP (P<0.05). The highest seropositivity was observed in animals of more than 7 years of age (32.08%) followed by in 4-7 years of age (8.16%) and lowest in animals of less than 4 years old (0.79%). This study confirms the presence of CBPP in the state which could be a threat to livestock export market and warrants the implementation of control measures to mitigate the economic losses associated with the disease. 

Keywords

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Mycoplasma Prevalence Risk factors

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