Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 1 (january 2021) : 101-104

Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in cattle of Punjab, Pakistan and assessment of risk factors

Ahsan Anjum, Asim Aslam, Raheela Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Junaid Naseer, Alia Mushtaq, Muhammad Asif Munir, Azeem ullah Khan
1Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan.
Cite article:- Anjum Ahsan, Aslam Asim, Akhtar Raheela, Yaqub Tahir, Naseer Junaid, Mushtaq Alia, Munir Asif Muhammad, Khan ullah Azeem (2019). Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in cattle of Punjab, Pakistan and assessment of risk factors. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(1): 101-104. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-1130.
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an important infectious disease of respiratory system of cattle, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides. A cross sectional study was conducted in Lahore, Kasur and Jhang districts of Punjab to determine the prevalence of CBPP. A total of 560 serum samples were examined for the specific antibodies against M. mycoides subspecies mycoides, using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Associated risk factors that were evaluated include age, gender and breed. In this study, the overall seroprevalence was 8.75%. The seroprevalence of CBPP in Lahore, Kasur and Jhang were 8.26, 8.20 and 10.06%, respectively, but no significance difference (P<0.05) was observed. Among the assessed potential predisposing factors, gender and breed were not significantly associated with the serological status of the animal (P>0.05), in which the age affected significantly the positivity to CBPP (P<0.05). The highest seropositivity was observed in animals of more than 7 years of age (32.08%) followed by in 4-7 years of age (8.16%) and lowest in animals of less than 4 years old (0.79%). This study confirms the presence of CBPP in the state which could be a threat to livestock export market and warrants the implementation of control measures to mitigate the economic losses associated with the disease. 
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