Impact of Hatching Egg Disinfection on Hatching Characteristics and Chick Embryos

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1129    | Article Id: B-1129 | Page : 353-358
Citation :- Impact of Hatching Egg Disinfection on Hatching Characteristics and Chick Embryos.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2021.(55):353-358
Gamal M. Bekhet  g.bekhet@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Faisal University, Department Zoology, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
Submitted Date : 25-03-2019
Accepted Date : 2-09-2019

Abstract

Four thousand two hundred hatching eggs were obtained from Bandarah chicken to evaluate the effect of chemical and natural egg disinfectants and fumigation on egg weight loss, embryonic mortality, hatchability, hatch time, chick weight and chick weight loss. Three incubation trials were done; each one contained 1400 hatched eggs and divided into fourteen treatments (100 eggs per each). First treatment (T1) was used as control without any treatment, eggs of second treatment (T2) were dipped in water and third treatment in alcohol, whereas T4, T5, T6, T7 treated egg groups were dipped in chemical disinfectant (sodium chloride, betadine, hydrogen peroxide, virkon S). Egg of T9, T10, T11, T12, T13 and T14 groups were dipped in natural disinfectants (oregano, cumin 02 and 04 % and oregano+ cumin01 and 02), respectively. The thickest eggshell (031mm) was recorded for betadine group in infertile eggs compared with those for formaldehyde fumigation and oregano+cumin 01% oregano+cumin 01% group (035mm) compared with all other treatment groups.  Formaldehyde fumigation recorded the worst and highest significant percentage of embryonic mortality (1795%). Highest significant percentages for hatchability of fertile egg were recorded in egg groups with oregano 02 and 04% (9687 and 9576%), cumin 02 and 04 % (9551and 9715%) and oregano+cumin01 and 02% (9619 and 9615%), respectively.

Keywords

Cumin Disinfectants Egg quality Egg shell Fumigation formaldehyde Oregano oil

References

  1. Iqbal, K.J., Khan S.H., Mukhtar N., Ahmed, R., Pasha P, A. (2016). Effects of egg size (weight) and age on hatching performance and chick quality of broiler breeder. J App Anim Res. 44: 54-64 DOI: 101080/097121192014987294.
  2. Al-shammari, K. I. A., Batkowska Jgryzinska, M. M. (2015). Assesment of ultraviolet light effect in hatching eggs disinfection on hatchability traits of two breeds of quails and chicken. Acta Scientiarium Polonorum Zootechnica. 1433-44.
  3. Andersson, C., Gripenland, J., Johansson, J. (2015). Using the chicken embryo to assess virulence of Listeria monocytogenes and to model other microbial infections Nature Protocols. 10: 1155–1164 doi: 101038/nprot2015073.
  4. Aygun, A. and Sert, D., (2013). Effects of prestorage application of propolis and storage time on eggshell microbial activity, hatchability and chick performance in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) eggs. Poult. Sci. 92: 3330-3337.
  5. Beleh, F. T. M., (2008). Effects of various sanitizing treatments on hatchability of broiler breeder eggs Ms Si Thesis, Fac of Graduate Studies Najah National Univ Nablus, Palestine.
  6. Blanco A.E., Barz, M., Icken, W., Cavero, D., Mazaheri, A., Voss, M., Schmutz, M., Preisinger, R. (2016). Twenty years of amyloid arthropathy research in chickens World’s Poultry Science Journal. 72: 495–508 doi: 101017/S0043933916000453.
  7. Borst, L.B., Suyemoto, M. M., Keelara, S., Dunningan, S.E, Guy, J.S. and Barnes, H.J. (2014). A chicken embryo lethality assay for pathogenic. Enterococcus cecorum Avian Dis. 58: 244–248 doi: 101637/10687-101113-Reg1.
  8. Chang CT, Colicino, E.G., DiPaola, E.J., Al-Hasnawi, H.J., Whipps, C.M. (2015). Evaluating the effectiveness of common disinfectants at preventing the propagation of Mycobacterium spp isolated from zebrafish. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 178:45–50. 
  9. Chang, C.T; Amack, J.D. Whipps, C.M (2016). Zebrafish Embryo Disinfection with Povidone–Iodine: Evaluating an Alternative to Chlorine Bleach Zebrafish. 13: 96-101.
  10. Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska, A., Tymczyna, L., Drabik, A. (2013). Biological pollutants of air in poultry hatchery hall ISAH-2007 Tartu, Estonia.
  11. Chen, N. H., Djoko, K. Y., Veyrier, F. J., McEwan, A. G. (2016). Formaldehyde stress responses in bacterial pathogens Front Microbiol. 7: 257. 
  12. Copur, G., Arslan M. Duru, M. Baylan, S., Canogullari, E., Aksan, E. (2010). Use of oregano (Origanum onites L) essential oil as hatching egg disinfectant. Afri, J. of Biotech. 8: 2531-2538.
  13. Cristina, M. H., Brandt W., Meixell, C., Van H, Rebekah F H, Karsten, H, (2015). Microbial infections are associated with embryo mortality in Arctic-Nesting Geese. Appl Environ Microbiol. 81:16 5583-5592.
  14. Elizaquível, P., Aznar R., Sánchez G. 2(014). Recent developments in the use of viability dyes and quantitative PCR in the food microbiology field. J Appl Microbiol. 116: 1–13. 
  15. EPA, (2008). Pesticide fact sheet wwwEpagov/Pesticide/factsheet/antimic.
  16. Fasenko, G.M., O’Dea Christopher E.E., McMullen, L.M. (2009). Spraying hatching eggs with electrolyzed oxidizing water reduces eggshell microbial load without compromising broiler production parameters. Poultry Sci. 88:1121–1127.
  17. Girardeau M., Cziják, G.Á., Duval D., Bretagnolle, V., Gutierrez C, Heeb, P. (2014). An experimental test in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) of the effect of incubation and maternal preen oil on eggshell microbial load. J Ornithol. 155:671–677.
  18. Hansen, C.M., Meixell, B.W., Hemert, C.V., Hare R.F., Hueffer, K. (2015). Microbial infections are associated with embryo mortality in Arctic-Nesting Geese. Appl Environ Microbiol. 81: 16 5583-5592.
  19. Ketta, M., Tùmová, E. (2016). Eggshell structure, measurements and quality-affecting factors in laying hens: a review. Czech J. Anim, Sci. 61:299–309.
  20. Kibala, L., Rozempolska-Rucinska, I., Kasperek, K., Zieba, G., Lukaszewicz, M. (2015). Ultrasonic eggshell thickness measurement for selection of layers. Poult Sci. 94:2360–2363.
  21. Leyva-López N., Gutiérrez-Grijalva E.P., Vazquez-Olivo, G., Heredia, J.B. (2017). Essential Oils of Oregano: Biological Activity beyond their antimicrobial properties. Molecules. 22(6) pii: E989. 
  22. Maharajan, P., Cox S., Gadde, U., Clarke, F.D., Bramwell Kwatkins, S.E., (2017). Evolution of chlorine dioxide based product as a hatchery santizer. Poultry Sci. 96:560-565).
  23. Rhomberg, L.R. (2015). Contrasting directions and directives on hazard identification for formaldehyde carcinogenicity. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. 73: 829-833.
  24. Rodriguez-Garcia I., Silva-Espinoza B.A., Ortega-Ramirez L.A., Leyva J.M., Siddiqui M.W., Cruz-Valenzuela M.R., Gonzalez-Aguilar G.A., Ayala-Zavala J.F. (2016). Oregano Essential Oil as an Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Additive in Food Products. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 26: 56(10):1717-27.
  25. SAS, Institute, (1998). SAS Users Guide: Statistics SAS Institute Inc Cary, NC, USA.
  26. Traboulsi, A.F., K. Taoubi, S.El-Haj, J. M. Bessiere and S. Rammal, (2002). Insecticidal properties of essential plant oils against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae). Pest Manag. Sci., 58:491-495.
  27. Turpin, K. (2013). Ethanol vs isopropyl alcohol to disinfect http://wwwehowcom/about_6540795_ethanol-vs_-isopropyl-alcohol- disinfecthtmll
  28. USDA (1985). National poultry improvement plan and auxiliary provisions Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Service Miscellaneous Publication No 91-40 USDA, Hyattsville, MD.
  29. Vilchez, C., S.P. Touchburn, E.R. Chavez and C.W.Chan, (1991). Effect of feeding palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids to Japanese quail hens (Coturnix coturnix japonica). 1. reproductive performance and tissue fatty acids. Poultry Sci., 70: 2484-2493.
  30. Walls, J.G., Hepp, GR, Eckhardt, L.G. (2011). Incubation delay on viability and microbial growth of wood duck (Aix spinosa) eggs Auk. 128:663–670. 
  31. Wells, J.B., Coufal, C.D., Parker HM, Kiess, AS, Young, KM, McDaniel, C.D. (2011). Hatchablility, of broiler breeder eggs sanitized with a combination of ultraviolet light and hydrogen peroxide. International Journal of Poultry Sci. 10: 320-324. 
  32. Yamak, U.S., Sarica, M, Boz M.A., Onder, H. (2014). The effect of eggshell thickness on some hatching traits of broiler breeders. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi. 21(3):421-424 DOI: 109775/kvfd12485. 
  33. Yan, Y.Y., Sun, C.J., Lian, L., Zheng, J.X., Xu G.Y., Yang N. (2014). Effect of uniformity of eggshell thickness on eggshell quality in chickens. Poult, Sci. 51:338–342. 

Global Footprints