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Genetic Parameters for Pre-Weaning Litter Traits in Heterogeneous Population of Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Raised in the Humid Tropics 

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1124    | Article Id: B-1124 | Page : 1206-1209
Citation :- Genetic Parameters for Pre-Weaning Litter Traits in Heterogeneous Population of Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Raised in the Humid Tropics.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2020.(54):1206-1209
A.I. Adeolu, V.U. Oleforuh-Okoleh, W. Mathew, R.U. Onyeneke, R.N. Nwose, A. Oko-Isu and K.P. Ogbuagu      adeolufunai2012@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agriculture Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, P.M. B. 1010, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. 
Submitted Date : 25-03-2019
Accepted Date : 24-09-2019

Abstract

Data from 302 progeny in a heterogeneous population of rabbits were used to estimate the heritability and correlations (phenotypic and genetic) of pre-weaning litter traits (litter size at birth LSB, litter size at weaning LSW, litter weight birth LWB, litter weight at weaning LWW, kit weight birth KWB, and kit weight weaning KWW). Heritability estimates for litter size ranged from 0.16 (LSW) to 0.22 (LSB). LWB and LWW were more highly heritable (0.52 and 0.55 respectively) than KWB and KWW (0.36 and 0.25 respectively). The genetic (rG ) and phenotypic (rP) correlations between litter size and litter weight at birth and weaning were 0.69 to 0.88 (rG) and 0.28 to 0.88 (rP). Generally, litter traits gave higher estimates than individual kit traits implying that selection criteria based on litter performance rather than on individual kit performance should be applied in genetic improvement of pre-weaning traits in rabbits raised in derived savanna zone.  

Keywords

Heritability Litter traits Phenotypic correlations Genetic correlations Rabbits.

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