Growth and Carcass Traits of Burgundy Fawn, Flemish Giant and New Zealand White Rabbits and their Crosses

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1116    | Article Id: B-1116 | Page : 609-613
Citation :- Growth and Carcass Traits of Burgundy Fawn, Flemish Giant and New Zealand White Rabbits and their Crosses.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2021.(55):609-613
O. Derewicka, D. Maj, S. Pałka, J. Bieniek olga.derewicka@urk.edu.pl
Address : Department of Genetics, Animal Breeding and Ethology, Faculty of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture in Krakow, al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland.
Submitted Date : 11-03-2019
Accepted Date : 24-12-2019


The aim of the study was to determine the effect of genotypes on the growth and slaughter traits of Burgundy Fawn (BF), Flemish Giant (FG) and New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits and their crosses. Body weight was recorded from birth to slaughter on the 84th day of life. On the 84thday of life, significantly smaller body weight was recorded in pure bred NZW rabbits (2116 g), while the body weights of purebred FG rabbits (2957 g) were significantly heavier than rabbits with other genotypes. The highest dressing out percentage was obtained for BF rabbits and for BF × FG crosses. It was found that crossing of BF or NZW females with FG males results in a high final body weight and dressing out percentage; therefore, such crossing should be recommended for the production of slaughter rabbits.


Carcass traits Crossbreeding Growth Rabbit Rearing indices


  1. Ajayi F. O., Ologbose F. I., Esenowo E. S. (2018). Pre-weaning and post weaning growth performance of rabbits: Influence of genotype and litter size in a humid tropical environment. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 8(2): 63-69.
  2. Blasco A., Ouhayoun J., Masoero G. (1993). Harmonization of criteria and terminology in rabbit meat research. World Rabbit Science. I: 3-10.
  3. Bolet G. (2002). Flemish Giant (France). Opt. meìditerraneìennes. Serie B. 38: 102-107.
  4. Bolet G, Brun JM, Lechevestrier S, Lopez M, Boucher S. (2004). Evaluation of the reproductive performance of eight rabbit breeds on experimental farms. Animal Research. 53: 59-65.
  5. Chandra S., Mahender M., Gnana Prakash M., Raghunandan T., Kondal Reddy K. (2014). Productive performance of broiler rabbits fed diets supplemented with probiotic and enzymes under two systems of housing. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 48(4): 355-361,
  6. Dalle Zotte AD. (2005). Influence of the genetic origin and sex on live performance and carcass traits in the rabbit. Preliminary results. Italian Journal of Animal Science. 4(3):175-177.
  7. Dalle Zotte A, Paci G. (2013). Influence of rabbit sire genetic origin, season of birth and parity order on doe and litter performance in an organic production system. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 26(1): 43-49.
  8. Dalle Zotte A, Paci G. (2014). Rabbit growth performance, carcass traits and hind leg bone characteristics as affected by the sire breed, season, parity order and sex in an organic production system. Animal Science Papers and Reports. 32(2):143-159.
  9. Jimoh OA, Ewuola EO. (2017). Milk yield and kit development of four breeds of rabbit in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 59: 25.
  10. Khanna S., Gulati H.K., Sihag S.S. (2014). Effect of dietary supplementation of yeast on fore, intermediate and hind portions of rabbits raised under cage and pen system of housing. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 33(1): 52-54.
  11. Kowalska D, Bielañski P. (2011). Study on the possibility of using the native Popielno White rabbit breed in commercial farming. Annals of Animal Science. 11(2): 309-322.
  12. Lavanya R, Mahender M, Rajanna N, Gnanaprakash M.(2017). Productive performance of broiler rabbits, Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(2): 391-394.
  13. Lukefahr S.D., Odi H.B., Atakora J.K (1996). Mass selection for 70-day body weight in rabbits. Journal of Animal Science. 74(7): 1481-1489.
  14. £apiñski S., Gacek L., Gawroñska J., Guja I., Kowal J., Migda³ £., Migda³ W., Niedba³a P. (2018). The effect of phytogenic feed additives on the performance, meat quality and coccidial infection rates of rabbits. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52 (7): 1082-1086.
  15. Migda³ £, Kozio³ K, Pa³ka S, Migda³ W, Z¹bek T, Otwinowska-Mindur A, Migda³ A, Kmiecik M, Maj D, Bieniek J. (2018). Mutations in leptin (LEP) gene are associated with carcass and meat quality traits in crossbreed rabbits. Animal Biotechnology. 29(2): 153-159.
  16. Prayaga KC, Eady SJ. (2003). Performance of purebred and crossbred rabbits in Australia: Individual growth and slaughter traits. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54(2): 159-166.
  17. SAS. (2014). SAS/STAT User’s guide (Release 9.2.) SAS Inst. Inc., Cary NC, USA.
  18. Sternstein I, Reissmann M, Maj D, Bieniek J, Brockmann GA. (2014). A new single nucleotide polymorphism in the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) myostatin (MSTN) gene is associated with carcass composition traits. Animal Genetic. 45(4): 596-599
  19. Strychalski J, Gugo³ek A, Daszkiewicz T, Konstantynowicz M, Kêdzior I, Zwoliñski C. (2014). A comparison of selected performance indicators, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance parameters in Californian and Flemish Giant rabbits. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 42(4): 389-394.
  20. Topczewska J, Rogowska A, Gacek L. (2013). The effect of breed on reproductive performance in commodity rabbit production. Journal of Central European Agriculture.14(2): 350-357.
  21. Zaj¹c J. (2003). Results of commercial crossing of rabbits. Roczniki Naukowe Zootechniki. 30(1): 25-35.

Global Footprints