Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 4 (april 2020) : 440-445

Impact of dietary supplementation of chromium, sodium nitrate or mineral mixture on growth performance and rumen microbes of Brahman crossbred cattle

Nguyen Trong Ngu, Nguyen Thi Hong Nhan, Nguyen Van Hon, Lam Thai Hung, Le Trong Nam, Huynh Tan Loc, Luu Huynh Anh
1College of Agriculture, Can Tho University, Campus II, 3/2 Street, Can Tho City, Vietnam.
Cite article:- Ngu Trong Nguyen, Nhan Hong Thi Nguyen, Hon Van Nguyen, Hung Thai Lam, Nam Trong Le, Loc Tan Huynh, Anh Huynh Luu (2019). Impact of dietary supplementation of chromium, sodium nitrate or mineral mixture on growth performance and rumen microbes of Brahman crossbred cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(4): 440-445. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-1088.
The study was conducted on 20 Brahman crossbred bulls (217±22.6 kg) to investigate the effect of supplemented chromium, sodium nitrate and mineral mixture on rumen microbes, growth performance and blood biochemical profiles. It was found that the addition of mineral mixture increased the number of total bacteria (10.81x1010/mL) and Ruminococcus flavefaciens. Sodium nitrate supplementation also increased the number of Ruminococcus albus at the beginning of the trial but sodium nitrate supplementation did not lead to a change of bacterial quantity at the end of the experiment. In addition, better performance in weight gain (62.0 kg) and average daily gain (688 g/day) was indicated in cattle fed mineral mixture supplementation. Irrespective of supplementation sources, the blood biochemical profiles of cattle remained unchanged. However, it was observed that mineral mixture supplementation enhanced rumen bacteria and improved cattle growth during the growing stage.
  1. Sayed, A.N. and Abdulla, A.A. (2014). Effect of sodium bicarbonate and sodium acetate on performance and ruminal juice characteristics of growing calves. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences. 8: 118-127.
  2. Anantasook, N. and Wanapat, M. (2012). Influence of rain tree pod meal supplementation on rice straw based diets using in vitro gas fermentation technique. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 25: 325-334.
  3. Church, D.C. (1988). The ruminant animal digestive physiology and nutrition. Englewood Cliffs (N.J.): Prentice-Hall, ISBN: 0835967824. IX: 564.
  4. Decandia, M., Sitzia, M., Cabiddu, A., Kababya, D., Molle, G. (2000). The use of polyethylene glicol to reduce the anti-nutritional effects of tannins in goats fed woody species. Small Ruminant Research. 38: 157-164.
  5. Denman, S.E. and McSweeney, C.S. (2006). Development of a Real-time PCR assay formonitoring anaerobic fungal and cellulolytic bacterial populations within the rumen. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 58: 572-582.
  6. Denman, S.E., Tomkins, N.W., McSweeney, C.S. (2007). Quantitation and diversity analysis of ruminal methanogenic populations in response to the antimethanogenic compound bromochloromethane. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 62: 313-322.
  7. Hulshof, R.B.A., Berndt, A., Gerrits, W.J.J., Dijkstra, J., Zijderveld, S.M., Newbold, J.R., Perdok, H.B. (2012). Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces methane emission in beef cattle fed sugarcane-based diets. Journal of Animal Science. 90: 2317-2323.
  8. Kamra, D.N., Patra, A.K., Chatterjee, P.N., Ravindra, K., Neeta, A., Chaudhary, L.C. (2008). Effect of plant extract on methanogenesis and microbial profile of the rumen of buffalo: a brief overview. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 48: 175-178.
  9. Kittelmann, S., Seedorf, H., Walters, W.A., Clemente, J.C., Knight, R., Gordon, J.I., Janssen, P.H. (2013). Simultaneous amplicon sequencing to explore co-occurrence patterns of bacterial, archaeal and eukaryotic microorganisms in rumen microbial communities. PLoS One. 8(2): e47879. 
  10. Koike, S. and Kobayashi, Y. (2001). Development and use of competitive PCR assays for the rumen cellulolytic bacteria: Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 204: 361-366.
  11. Koul, V., Kumar, U., Sareen, V.K., Singh, S. (1998). Effect of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on ruminal microbial populations and metabolism in buffalo calves. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 68: 629-631.
  12. Li, L., Davis, J., Nolan, J., Hegarty, R. (2012). An initial investigation on rumen fermentation pattern and methane emission of sheep offered diets containing urea or nitrate as the nitrogen source. Animal Production Science. 52: 653-658. 
  13. Minas, K., McEwan, N.R., Newbold, C.J., Scott, K.P. (2011). Optimization of a high-throughput CTAB-based protocol for the extraction of qPCR-grade DNA from rumen fluid, plant and bacterial pure cultures. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 325: 162-196.
  14. Mondal, S., Samanta, S., Haldar, S., Gosh, T.K. (2007). Proceedings: international tropical animal nutrition conference. Abstract MV. 21: 303.
  15. Mooney, K.W. and Cromwell, G.L. (1995). Effects of chromium picolinate supplementation on growth, carcass characteristics and accretion rates of carcass tissues in growing-finishing swine. Journal of Animal Science. 73: 3351-3357.
  16. Nurhaita, R., Wismalinda, R., Robiyanto, R. (2014). Optimizing rumen bioprocess through supplementation of microbe precursor nutrient in ammoniation of palm oil frond-base cattle ration. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies. 1: 10-13.
  17. Pangestu, E., Yunianto, V.D., Tampoebolon, B.I.M., Prasetiyono, B.W.H.E. (2015). Effect of mineral supplementation and introduction of setaria sphacelata grass and gliricidia sepium legume on productivity of kacang goat at serang river basin upland area, central Java, Indonesia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 14: 440-446.
  18. Pechova, A., Illek, J., Šindeláø, M., Pavlata, L. (2002). Effects of chromium supplementation on growth rate and metabolism in fattening bulls. Acta Veterinaria Brno. 71: 535-541.
  19. Prasad, C.S. and Gowda, N.K.S. (2005). Importance of trace minerals and relevance of their supplementation in tropical animal feeding system: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 75: 92-100.
  20. Sarkar, S., Madhu, M., Nampoothiri V.M., Mondal, G., Sujata, P. (2016). Effect of tree leaves and malic acid supplementation to wheat straw based substrates on in vitro rumen fermentation parameters. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition. 33: 421-426.
  21. Sangkhom, I., Preston, T.R., Khang, D.N., Leng, R.A. (2012). Effect of potassium nitrate and urea as fermentable nitrogen sources on growth performance and methane emissions in local “Yellow” cattle fed lime Ca(OH)2 treated rice straw supplemented with fresh cassava foliage. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 24: Article #27,
  22. Satapathy, D., Mishra, S.K., Swain, R.K., Sethy, K., Sahoo, G.R. (2016). Effect of supplementation of area specific mineral mixture on performance of crossbred cows with reproductive disorders in Kakatpur block. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition. 33: 279-284.
  23. Satapathy, D., Mishra, S.K., Swain, R.K., Sethy, K., Varun, T.K., Sahoo, J.K., Samal, P., Barik, S. (2019). Combating anestrous problem in crossbred cattle by nutritional interventions in field conditions of Odisha. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53: 355-360.
  24. Soltan, M.A., Almujalli, A.M., Mandour, M.A., and El-Shinway, M.A. (2012). Effect of dietary chromium supplementation on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics and some blood serum units of fattening dairy calves under heat stress. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 11:751-756.
  25. Underwood, E.J. and Suttle, N.F. (2001). The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 3rd ed., CABI Publ, Wallingford, UK.
  26. Zhao, L., Meng, Q., Ren, L., Liu, W., Zhang, X., Huo, Y. (2015). Effects of nitrate addition on rumen fermentation, bacterial biodiversity and abundance. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 28: 1433-1441. 
  27. Zhou, Z., Meng, Q., Yu, Z. (2011). Effects of methanogenic inhibitors on methane production and abundances of methanogens and cellulolytic bacteria in in vitro ruminal cultures. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77: 2634-2639.
  28. Zhou, Z., Yu, Z., Meng, Q. (2012). Effects of nitrate on methane production, fermentation, and microbial populations in in vitro ruminal cultures. Bioresource Technology. 103: 173-179.
  29. Zijderveld, S.M., Gerrits, W.J.J., Apajalahti, J.A., Newbold, J.R., Dijkstra, J., Leng, R.A., Perdok, H.B. (2010). Nitrate and sulfate: Effective alternative hydrogen sinks for mitigation of ruminal methane production in sheep. Journal of Dairy Science. 93: 5856-5866.

Editorial Board

View all (0)