Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 1 (january 2021) : 109-114

Caecal microbiome and metabolites associated with different growth performances of broilers

Xue Chen, Wei Zhao, Yang-zhi Liu, Natnael Demelash, Zhe Sun, Xue-feng Zhang, Tao Wang, Yu-guo Zhen, Gui-xin-Qin
1College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun-130 118, P.R.China.
Cite article:- Chen Xue, Zhao Wei, Liu Yang-zhi, Demelash Natnael, Sun Zhe, Zhang Xue-feng, Wang Tao, Zhen Yu-guo, Gui-xin-Qin (2019). Caecal microbiome and metabolites associated with different growth performances of broilers. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(1): 109-114. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-1062.
We investigated changes in the caecal microbial composition and metabolic compounds of broiler chickens weighing approximately 0.8–1.5 kg. Arbor Acres (AA) broilers (n =186) were divided into four groups (A–D) according to body weight on day 35. The results showed that there were significant differences in the average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG), and feed-to-gain ratio (F:G) of chickens (P < 0.05). The abundance of 11 genera were found to be significantly different in the four groups (P < 0.05). The broilers with poor performance had increased levels of D-mannose, hexadecanoic acid, cholesterol, L-valine, L-leucine, glutamic acid, glucopyranose, á-D-allopyranose, and phosphoric acid (P < 0.05) in the cecum. Microbial compositions were different in the ceca of broilers with different growth performances, and higher growth performance correlated with changes in metabolic pathways related to energy, amino acids, and others.
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