Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.44

  • SJR .282 (2022)

  • Impact Factor .427 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus


Padmawati Machiya, B.K.Sarmah, P. Chakravarty1, R.K.Biswas2, B.C.Sarmah, B.C.Deka2
  • Email
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781 022, India
  • Submitted|

  • First Online |

  • doi

Cite article:- Machiya Padmawati, B.K.Sarmah, Chakravarty1 P., R.K.Biswas2, B.C.Sarmah, B.C.Deka2 (2023). REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCES IN GOAT FOLLOWING SYNCHRONIZATION OF OESTRUS WITH PROGESTERONE-IMPREGNATED VAGINAL SPONGE AND GONADOTROPIN. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 46(3): 258 - 262. doi: .
Reproductive performances were studied in goat following synchronization of oestrus with progesterone-impregnated vaginal sponge plus PMSG and HCG. Five Assam goats, 2-3 years of age, at about 45 days post-parturition, reared under semi-intensive were treated with progesterone-impregnated vaginal sponges kept in situ for 9 days. On the day of sponge removal PMSG was injected intramuscularly @ 300 I.U. per animal and also injected  HCG intravenously at 6 hr  post oestrus @ 500 I.U. The A.I. was done with Beetal buck semen at 24 and 36 hr post onset of oestrus. Five other Assam goats of similar age, reproductive status and rearing condition served as control.  All the experimental goats exhibited oestrus  following treatment and the mean interval between end of PMSG treatment and onset of oestrus was 34.40 ± 4.16 hr, where as  the  control animals  exhibited oestrus at a mean interval of 68.80 ± 6.71 days after last kidding. The duration of oestrus was recorded to be longer in treated group (40.00 ± 4.60 hr) than in control goats (36.40 ± 3.12 hr), however, the difference was not  significant between the groups.  The mean body weight of male and female kids born was 0.90 ± 0.04 and 0.71 ± 0.05 kg  and 1.00 ± 0.04 and 0.86 ± 0.24 kg in treated and control group, respectively. A total of 12 and 9 kids were born from 5 does each of treated and control group.  The sex ratio was 1:1 and 1.25:1 in treated and control group, respectively. It was concluded that progesterone-impregnated vaginal sponge was effective to induce  pronounced synchronized oestrus in Assam goats and to increase the litter size by 33.33 per cent
  1. Abu, A.H.; Theukwumere, F.C. and Ongekwere, M.U. (2008). Effect of exogenous progesterone on oestrus response of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. African J. Biotech., 7 (1) : 059-062.
  2. Ahmed, M.M.M; Makawi, S.E. and Jubara, A.S. (1998). Synchronization of estrus in Nubian goats. Small Ruminant Res., 30 : 113-120.
  3. Baril, G.; Leboeuf, B. and Saumande, J. (1993). Synchronization of oestrus in goats : The relationship between time of occurrence of oestrus and fertility following artificial insemination. Theriogenology, 40 : 621-628.
  4. Cairoli, F.; Tamanini, C.; Bono, G.; Chiesa, F. And Prandi, A. (1987). Reproductive performance of female goats given progestagen associated with PMSG and/or HMG in deep anestrus. Reprod. Nutr. Dev., 27 (IA) : 13-19.
  5. Chavez, G.L.; Zarco, Q.L.; Ducoing, W.A. and Flores, P.G. (1992). Use of MGA and FGA (alone or combined with PMSG) for synchronization of oestrus in dairy goats. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 60 (12) : 7704.
  6. El-Amrawi, G.A.; Hussein, F.M. and El-Bawab, I.E. (1994). Oestrus synchronization and kidding rate in does treated with a vaginal sponge. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 62 (8) : 4500.
  7. Freitas, V.J.; Baril, G. and Saumande, J. (1997). Estrus synchronization in dairy goats : use of fluorogestone acetate vaginal sponges or norgestomet ear implants. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 46 (3-4) : 237-244.
  8. Goel, A.K. and Agrawal, K.P. (1998). Efficacy of different gonadotrophins on superovulation and embryo recovery in Jamunapari goats. Indian J. Anim. Res., 19 (2) : 102-105.
  9. Imasuen, J.A. and Ikhimioya, I. (2009). An assessment of the reproductive performance of estrus synchronized West African Dwarf (WAD) does using medroxyl progesterone acetate (MPA). African J. Biotechnol., 8 (1) : 103-106.
  10. Kanjilal, B.C.; Choudhury, R. Roy; Bandopadhyay, S.K. and Ghosh, B.B. (1991). Ovarian changes in Black Bengla goat during various phases of reproduction. Indian J. Anim. Reprod., 12 (2) : 182-184.
  11. Mavrogenis, A.P. (1992). Breed group and parity effects on gestation duration and litter size at birth of sheep. Technical Bulletin of Cyprus Agricultural Research Institute, Publ. No.142, Nicosia, pp. 6.
  12. Mehta, B.S. and Khan, B.U. (1993). Genetic Analysis of Sirohi flock. A Booklet, Western Regional Research Station, Central Institute for Research on Goats, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India (c.f. Pathodiya et al., 2004).
  13. Morrow, D.A. (1986). Current therapy in theriogenology. 2nd edn., Philadelphia, W.B. Sounders Co., Pp. 1088.
  14. Mukherjee (1992) improvement of goat in tropies through genetic and biotechnological methods. Pre conference Proc. Plenary papers and invited lecture V intn. conf on Goats, New Delhi, March 1992.
  15. Pathodiya, O.P.; Gurjar, M.L.; Sharma, M.C. and Khadola, B.S. (2004). Studies on birth weight and morphometry of Sirohi kids in farmers field. Indian J. Small Ruminants, 10 (1) : 74-76.
  16. Patil, A.D.; Kurhe, B.P.; Phalak, K.r. and Dhoble, R.L. (2000). Synchronization of oestrus using progesterone and PMSG in Osmanabadi goats. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 70 (3) : 281-282.
  17. Patil, A.D.; Kushe, B.P.; Phalak, K.R. and Dhoble, R.L. (2004). Synchronization of oestrus in Osmanabadi goats. Indian J. Anim. Reprod., 25 (1) : 136-137.
  18. Prakash, B and Balain D.S. (1992) A49xo sterile Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) net records 130: 559-540.
  19. Quirke, J.F. and Gosling, J. (1976). Progesterone levels throughout the estrous cycle in three ewe breeds with different ovulation rates. Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Animal Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Krakow.
  20. Selvaraju, M.; Kathinesan, D. and Devanathan, T.G. (2003). Oestrus synchronization in Malabari goats. Indian J. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 73(4) : 410-411.
  21. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994): Statistical Methods, 8th Ed., The IOWA State University Press, Ames.
  22. Sohnrey, B. and Holtz, W. (2005). Transcervical deep corneal insemination of goats. J. Anim. Sci., 83 : 1543-1548.
  23. 0Tomar, A.K.S.; Arun Kumar and Arora, A.L. (2000). Annual Report (1997-2000). All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Goat Improvement (Sirohi Unit), Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India (c.f. Pathodiya et al., 2004).

Editorial Board

View all (0)