RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF MASTITIS IN COWS AND BUFFALOES OF EASTERN HARYANA

Article Id: ARCC436 | Page : 160- 163
Citation :- RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF MASTITIS IN COWS AND BUFFALOES OF EASTERN HARYANA .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2012.(46):160- 163
Vandna Bhanot, S.S. Chaudhri, R.S. Bisla and Harpreet Singh
Address : Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Uchani, Karnal-132001, India

Abstract

Retrospective study on prevalence and antibiogram of mastitis in cows and buffaloes of Eastern Haryana over a period of six years from 2004 to 2009 revealed that mastitis prevalence was 85.3% in cows and 78.1% in buffaloes, respectively. The major factors influencing mastitis prevalence was number of lactations and higher rainfall. Based on cultural, morphological and biochemical examination of mastitis milk samples of positive mastitis cases, the predominant bacteria was Staphylococcus (43.6%) followed by Streptococcus (21.8%), Escherichia coli (16.3%), Klebsiella (5.4%), Corynebacterium pyogenes (5.4%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3,6%), and) Bacillus (3.6%). Antibiogram revealed enrofloxacin to be the most sensitive drug (86.62% and 87.96%) in cows and buffaloes.

Keywords

Mastitis Antibiogram Prevalence Staphylococcus Enrofloxacin.

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