EFFECT OF FSH ON EXPRESSION OF CATHEPSIN K AND S DURING IN VITRO MATURATION OF BUFFALO OOCYTES AND THEIR SUBSEQUENT DEVELOPMENTAL COMPETENCE

Article Id: ARCC431 | Page : 137 - 142
Citation :- EFFECT OF FSH ON EXPRESSION OF CATHEPSIN K AND S DURING IN VITRO MATURATION OF BUFFALO OOCYTES AND THEIR SUBSEQUENT DEVELOPMENTAL COMPETENCE.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2012.(46):137 - 142
Asit Jain*1,2, Tripti Jain2, G.K. Sachdeva1, S De, S.L. Goswami and T.K. Datta vetasit@gmail.com
Address : Animal Genomics Lab, ABTC, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, India

Abstract

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) has been identified as a modulator of oocyte function and antiapoptotic molecule. It has been observed that FSH decreased follicular atresia by decreasing the aspartic lysosomal enzyme (cathepsin D) in rodent. In present study, it was determined whether FSH treatment of oocytes during maturation affects expression of cathepsin K and S (cysteine cathepsins) genes, DNA fragmentation during maturation and associated developmental capacity of oocytes. COCs were collected from abattoir derived ovaries and in vitro matured  in TCM-199 based serum-free medium containing 0 (control) and 10 mg/ml FSH at 38.5ºC for 24 hours. After maturation transcript level of cathepsin K and S genes was determined by optimized real time PCR assay in cumulus cells. In vitro fertilization (IVF) and in vitro culture (IVC) of fertilized embryos were carried out in mSOF medium. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase–mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was carried out to count apoptotic cells. It was found that FSH may involve in attenuating cumulus cells apoptosis by decreasing the cathepsin K and S expression, which probably helps in better in-vitro oocytes maturation, in vitro fertilization and further embryonic development.

Keywords

Cathepsin K Cathepsin S Cumulus cells apoptosis Developmental competence.

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