PREPARTUM BEHAVIOUR OF GILTS IN TWO FARROWING ACCOMMODATION UNDER INTENSIVE SYSTEM*

Article Id: ARCC3187 | Page : 101 - 105
Citation :- PREPARTUM BEHAVIOUR OF GILTS IN TWO FARROWING ACCOMMODATION UNDER INTENSIVE SYSTEM*.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2007.(41):101 - 105
V. Ramesh1, T. Sivakumar2 and S. Arunachalam
Address : Department of Livestock Production and Management, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai - 600 007, India

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to find out Prepartum behaviour in primiparous Large White
Yorkshire pigs. Twelve gilts were selected and randomly divided into two groups, each consists
of 6 gilts one under group house and other under individual pen. The gilts under group house
were moved to farrowing crate one week before the expected date of farrowing and gilts under
pen remained same in the pen during farrowing. Farrowing behaviours were recorded continuously
for the period from 3 days prior to day of farrowing. The duration and frequency of sitting, belly
lie and side lie were significantly (P0.01) higher in gilts from group housd in crate than gilts
in individual pen while the trend was reverse in case of standing position. The frequencies of all
postures and postural changes and duration of standing increased with the approach of farrowing
time, while duration of belly lie and side lie decreased with the approach of farrowing. Duration
of nesting activities like pawing, rooting and straw, bar biting, grunting and frequencies of nest
building activities, biting, grunting and champing except straw activity were significantly (P<0.01)
higher in gilts from group housed in farrowing crate than those in individual pen.

Keywords

References

  1. Blackshaw, J.K. et al. (1994). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 39: 281-295.
  2. Boyle, L.A. et al. (2000). J. Anim. Sci., 71: 561-570.
  3. Cronin, G.M. et al. (1994). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 39: 269-280.
  4. Cronin, G.M. et al. (1998). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 60: 331.
  5. English, P. et al. (1982). The Sow Improving her Efficiency. 2nd ed. Farrowing Farming Press Ltd., pp. 116.
  6. Hansen, K.E. and Curtis, S.E. (1980). J. Anim. Sci., 51: 456-460.
  7. Hartsock, T.G. and Barezewski, R.A. (1997). J. Anim. Sci., 75: 2899-2904.
  8. Heckt, W.L. et al. (1988). J. Anim. Sci., 66: 1378-1385.
  9. Hughes, B.O. and Duncan, I.J.H. (1988). Anim. Behav., 36: 1696-1707.
  10. Jarvis, S. et al. (2001). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 71: 203-216.
  11. Lammers, G.J and De Lange, A. (1986). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 15: 31-43.
  12. Snedecor, G.W and Cochran, W.G. (1996). Statistical methods. IOWA State University Press Ames, IOWA, USA.
  13. Vestergaard, K. and Hansen, L.L. (1984). Anim. Res.Vet., 15: 245-256.
  14. Weary, D.M. et al. (1996). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 49: 149-158.
  15. Wiepkema, P.R. (1985). Neth. J., 35: 279-299.

Global Footprints